Electrical, Electronics, and Avionics

Design Considerations for Electrohydrostatic Actuators

This four hour short course will provide an overview of design considerations for electrohydrostatic actuation for transport and business aircraft applications. The instructor will present the critical topics of electrohydrostatic actuation (EHA) from a systems development perspective (V-Approach). Beginning with aircraft system requirements, the instructors will then guide participants through EHA subsystem requirements, component design, component verification test, aircraft integration, and u…

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Vehicle Crash Reconstruction: Principles and Technology

Crash reconstruction is a scientific process that utilizes principles of physics and empirical data to analyze the physical, electronic, video, audio, and testimonial evidence from a crash to determine how and why the crash occurred. This course will introduce this reconstruction process as it gets applied to various crash types - in-line and intersection collisions, pedestrian collisions, motorcycle crashes, rollover crashes, and heavy truck crashes. Methods of evidence documentation will be co…

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The Role of Connected and Autonomous Vehicles in Smart Cities

There is growing interest in the concept of a smart city and how these advanced technologies will improve the quality of living and make a city more attractive to visitors, commerce and industry. This course fills an unmet need for defining and explaining the relationship between connected and autonomous vehicles (CAVs) and smart city transportation. It is apparent that CAVs will achieve the best results when integrated with current and emerging urban infrastructure for transportation. This cour…

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Introduction to Autonomous Trucking and Platooning Technology

Vehicle automation and intelligent transportation systems will be the cornerstones of sustainable smart cities of the future. People movers seem to be at the heart of technology development, field trials and on-road testing, and strategic business partnerships when it comes to connectivity and automated driving. Majority of the focus has been on unmanned operation and door-to-door service in urban environments and not on highways. Highways are relatively simpler to handle from an engineering sta…

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High Voltage Vehicle Safety Systems
High Voltage Vehicle Safety Systems

This four-part course from SAE training partner FutureTech* is most beneficial if completed before servicing hybrid, plug-in and electric vehicles. These vehicles contain high voltage DC and AC safety systems that are monitored by vehicle systems controllers that will maintain a safety barrier between the vehicle operator and the vehicle body/chassis to mitigate the possibility of electrical shock. This presentation will provide the technical information and background to know how these systems …

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Aviation Safety Engineer Job Functions

The skills and knowledge gained in this workshop will enable students to carry out regulatory responsibilities related to the administration of the Aircraft Certification and Continued Operational Safety. This course content provides the Civil Aviation Safety Engineers (Systems - Electrical) with the knowledge and skills to conduct oversight of aviation safety, aircraft certification and Continued Operational Safety. These areas of responsibility include, but are not limited to, Type Certificati…

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Introduction to the Secure Microkernel, seL4

Security continues to be an ever-growing concern in more and more design spaces. There are daily articles about security breaches and there is a need for much higher security through the entire system stack. Thorough testing of systems can lead to stronger security in systems, but testing can only expose so many vulnerabilities. Formal methods is another solution that ensures specific behaviors will not occur. seL4 is the first formally proven microkernel and it is open-source. This makes it a g…

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Keys to Creating a Cybersecurity Process from the J3061 Process Framework

Connected vehicles are increasingly seen as a potential target for cybersecurity attacks. A key differentiator for the automotive industry is the use of cyber-physical systems, where a successful cybersecurity attack could affect physical entities. Often involving embedded electronics and real time control, these systems require different solutions in addition to established IT security principles and reactive responses to threats. Cybersecurity needs to be designed and built into cyber-physical…

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Keys to Creating a Cybersecurity Process from the J3061 Process Framework

Connected vehicles are increasingly seen as a target for cybersecurity attacks. A key differentiator for the automotive industry is the use of cyber-physical systems, where a successful cybersecurity attack can affect physical entities. Often involving embedded electronics and real time control, these systems require different solutions in addition to established IT security principles and reactive responses to threats. Cybersecurity needs to be designed and built into cyber-physical systems thr…

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Performing a Cybersecurity Threat Analysis and Risk Assessment

SAE J3061 sets out a recommended cybersecurity engineering process framework for organizations developing cyber physical systems. One of the recommendations of this framework is to carry out a threat analysis and risk assessment early in the product development. A threat analysis identifies and models the relevant threats against assets, and a risk assessment classifies the impact and likelihood associated with each threat. The approach enables the prioritization of risks and appropriate risk tr…

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Introduction to Hybrid Electric Vehicle Systems
Introduction to Hybrid Electric Vehicle Systems

Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) models currently populating the vehicle electrification landscape indicate their dominance in the market. Although electric, plug-in, and fuel cell vehicles are making inroads in the market, the HEV stands as the market leader in adoption, and manufacturers have no plans on diminishing HEV production. HEV powertrain operation is totally different from the traditional vehicle. It is essential to understand the various operating modes and how failure modes in the hybr…

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Cybersecurity: An Introduction for the Automotive Sector

The automotive industry is the new "battleground" for cybersecurity. Following the path of desktops/laptops, tablets, and mobile phones, the automotive industry is now the "hot" area for both academic researchers and hackers. This will transform the automotive industry just as it transformed traditional information technology and the mobile markets; it is inescapable, but it can be beneficial and a well prepared company can find significant benefit in being a market leader. What does cybersecuri…

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Introduction to Highly Automated Vehicles

Every year, the U.S. experiences more than 32,000 traffic deaths and over 3.8 million crash injuries. While the trend in traffic deaths has been downward for the past decade, most of this reduction has been the result of optimizing passive occupant crash protection systems such as seatbelts and airbags. Advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) now offer the potential to significantly reduce or eliminate most vehicle crashes by perceiving a dangerous situation before the crash has occurred and t…

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Designing On-Board Diagnostics for Light and Medium Duty Emissions Control Systems

On-board diagnosis of engine and transmission systems has been mandated by government regulation for light and medium vehicles since the 1996 model year. The regulations specify many of the detailed features that on-board diagnostics must exhibit. In addition, the penalties for not meeting the requirements or providing in-field remedies can be very expensive. This course is designed to provide a fundamental understanding of how and why OBD systems function and the technical features that a diagn…

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Fundamentals of Modern Vehicle Transmissions

Today’s vehicles apply the primary function of a transmission: to couple the engine to the driveline and provide torque ratios between the two. How is this achieved? This on demand course is designed to familiarize you with the operational theories and functional principles of modern vehicle transmission systems designed to achieve the most efficient engine operation. Participants will learn about current designs, the components and sub-systems used, their functional modes, how they operate, and…

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ISO 26262 Functional Safety – Road Vehicles: Focus on Second Edition Changes

Functional safety is of utmost importance in the development of safety-critical automotive systems, especially with the introduction of driver assist and automated driving systems. Introduced in 2011 and now issued as a second edition, the ISO 26262: Functional Safety - Road Vehicles Standard has become the de-facto automotive industry functional safety standard, applying to all activities during the safety life cycle of system development. At the concept phase of ISO 26262, the hazard and risk …

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Flight Control Actuation System Considerations on Architecture Design and System Installation

The purpose of this four hour short course is to provide information to understand how is established the basic architecture of a Flight Control Actuation System of a transport airplane, i.e. understanding the rationale for the distribution of the control surfaces, power sources, actuators and computers.

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Validating Requirements and Improving Specifications with Telematics Data

Field failures cause high warranty expenses, perhaps the highest quality cost. Failures occur when new designs are introduced, existing products are sold in new markets, and product specifications don’t reflect actual product usage. Any mistake in product specifications affects the entire product development process and cascades through the supply chain. New product requirements are developed using prior requirements, rely on customer surveys, use “expert” opinion, or are the result of compromis…

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Introduction to Car Hacking with CANbus

Vehicle cybersecurity vulnerabilities could impact a vehicle's safe operation. Therefore, engineers should ensure that systems are designed free of unreasonable risks to motor vehicle safety, including those that may result due to existence of potential cybersecurity vulnerabilities. The automotive industry is making vehicle cybersecurity an organizational priority. Prioritizing vehicle cybersecurity also means learning about vehicle hacking techniques in order to ensure that systems will be rea…

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DO -326A and ED-202A : An Introduction to the New and Mandatory Aviation Cyber-Security Essentials

The international standards D-326A (U.S.) and ED-202A (Europe) titled "Airworthiness Security Process Specification" are the cornerstones of the "DO-326/ED-202 Set" and they are the only Acceptable Means of Compliance (AMC) by FAA & EASA for aviation cyber-security airworthiness certification, as of 2019. The "DO-326/ED-202 Set" also includes companion documents DO-356A/ED-203A: "Airworthiness Security Methods and Considerations" & DO-355/ED-204: "Information Security Guidance for Continuing Air…

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Electrohydraulic Servovalves in Flight Control and Utility Actuators

This four-hour short course intends to present an overview of electrohydraulic flow control servovalves commonly used in flight control and utility actuators. The scope of this course covers the history and design of servovalves, as well as their most common performance characteristics. This course will provide participants an understanding of the application of electrohydraulic servovalves in hydraulically powered actuators and preparation of the servovalve procurement specification.

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Accident Reconstruction, the Autonomous Vehicle and ADAS

After the crash, you need to know if an autonomous or driver assistance system was installed in the vehicle, if it functioned properly, and if it affected the outcome of the accident. Get a detailed look at the rapidly growing field of self-driving vehicles and driver assistance systems. What is available, how does it work, and what will happen in a crash scenario? How does it affect product liability and accident reconstruction? Some auto manufacturers are equipping the majority of their new ve…

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Control Systems Simplified

The advent of digital computers and the availability of ever cheaper and faster micro processors have brought a tremendous amount of control system applications to the automotive industry in the last two decades. From engine and transmission systems, to virtually all chassis subsystems (brakes, suspensions, and steering), some level of computer control is present. Control systems theory is also being applied to comfort systems such as climate control and safety systems such as cruise control or …

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Practical NVH Signal Processing Methods

Signal processing has become a critical tool in optimizing vehicle noise. This seminar will help you to understand the foundation common to all NVH data acquisition equipment including digitizing, windows, aliasing, averaging techniques, and common analysis functions such as the power spectrum, transfer function and coherence. Fundamental concepts such as filtering, modulation, convolution, and correlation, as well as specialized techniques used in rotating machinery such as adaptive re-sampling…

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Introduction to Cyber Security for Commercial Aviation

Despite the advantages of electronic flight bags (EFB), passenger entertainment and email access during flights, and the ability to access aircraft repair manuals electronically, computer interconnectivity throughout aviation has opened the aviation sector to cyber-attacks that could impact flights, data, and safety. This two-day seminar is intended to introduce aviation professionals to the need to implement cyber security throughout commercial aviation including the supply chain. The course wi…

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High Voltage Safety and PPE
High Voltage Safety and PPE

High Voltage Safety & PPE (Personal Protection Equipment) is a necessary and important course to complete when planning to diagnose or repair hybrid or electric vehicles. This on-demand course, from SAE training partner FutureTech* will provide information on how to test high voltage gloves, when and where to send high voltage gloves for periodic testing, and how to safely use the proper test equipment for measuring high voltage components in live and disabled high voltage systems. At the conclu…

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Fundamentals and Applications of Electric Motors for Automotive Industries

As the electrification of automobiles is on the rise, it is imperative that the capabilities and limits of the associated devices and systems be understood at a higher level than previously considered adequate. For example, the Tesla Model S has 62 electric motors while the Model X has 70! They propel the vehicle and provide comfort too. Their design must reflect the worst case operating scenarios, duty cycles, environment, country of use and its standards, etc. Robust design of every component …

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Application Development of Electric Vehicles and Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Balancing Economic Objectives and Technical Requirements

This course is offered in China only. More and more stringent emission and fuel consumption regulations are pushing the automotive industry towards electrified powertrain and electrified vehicles. This is particularly evident in China, where there is an increased demand for electric (EV) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). Infrastructure is being built across the country for convenient charging. It must now be determined how to meet the technical targets for EV/HEV regulations under economic con…

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Introduction to Radar for Automotive Applications

This introduction to radar focuses on understanding how radars work and the trade offs that must be made to achieve its specified performance, focusing on applications to automotive safety and autonomy. The class includes demonstrations of radar signal outputs and describes the chain of hardware and software processing found in most radar systems. Participants will be exposed to all aspects of radar design at a level detailed enough to understand system engineering estimates for the major functi…

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Aircraft Virtual Flight Testing and Certification in Off-nominal Multifactorial Situations

The behavior of a 'pilot-automaton-aircraft-operating environment' system (the System) in off-nominal situations with multiple risks can be unpredictably dangerous. Most multifactorial flight scenarios (corner cases) are considered as theoretically improbable. Such anomalies do nonetheless occur in operations and can lead to inconceivable accidents - 'black swan' events. This intensive educational course introduces the audience to the technology of aircraft virtual flight testing and certificati…

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Introduction to Power Electronics in Automotive Applications

Modern power electronics (PE) devices and circuits are now in widespread use in automotive and non-automotive applications. The purpose of this course is to give an overall introduction to the key aspects of power electronic circuits, components and design in automotive applications. Topics covered include power semiconductor devices, their characteristics and operation, and their use in power electronics circuits. Techniques for analyzing and designing switch-mode power supplies, DC-DC converte…

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LIDAR and Infrared Cameras for ADAS and Autonomous Sensing

This two-day seminar examines ADAS and autonomous vehicle technologies that have disrupted the traditional automotive industry with their challenges and potential to increase safety while attempting to optimize the cost of car ownership. LIDAR and Infrared camera sensing are seeing a rapid growth and adoption in the industry. However, the sensor requirements and system architecture options continue to evolve almost every six months. This course will provide the foundation to build on for these t…

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Problem Solving and Root Cause Analysis Workshop

Problems arise in all facets of life. This is particularly true in the business world. Problems impact all aspects of an organization’s operations such as; product development, product quality, process efficiency, marketing efforts, human relations, leadership efforts, financial execution and ultimate profitability. If these problems are not addressed, they inhibit the operation of the business and can eventually result in total failure. The ways in which problems are addressed, and the methodol…

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Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) Hybrid Battery Systems
Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) Hybrid Battery Systems

This course from SAE International training partner, FutureTech*, is a MUST for everyone servicing hybrid vehicles. NiMH battery systems continue primary battery technology in hybrid vehicles and have been since the 2000 model year. If a technical professional doesn’t know the fundamentals of NiMH operation it is impossible for them to perform a solid diagnosis or repair. This course will concentrate on the NiMH technology, how it performs as it ages, how it can effect vehicle performance and fu…

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Controller Area Network (CAN) for Vehicle Applications

The Controller Area Network has become the standard of choice for most automotive manufacturers. Approved for use as an ISO and EPA diagnostic network, its usage continues to grow. This seminar covers the theory and use of the CAN protocol, and its applications in the automotive industry. Details on how the CAN protocol and other standards (J2411, J2284, J1939, ISO 11898, etc.) complement each other will be presented. Attendees will learn about CAN application layers; the latest J1939, J2284, J2…

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Fundamentals of Shielding Design for EMC Compliance

It is important for electronic and hardware engineers to not only be knowledgeable of a product's intended function and performance, but also its ability to perform within electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) limits. This seminar introduces practical shielding theory, design fundamentals, and configurations, including shielding products, common and differential modes, electromagnetic fields, and enclosure shielding. A segment on enclosure testing is presented in conjunction with an aperture atten…

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Applying DO-254 for Avionics Hardware Development and Certification

The avionics hardware industry world-wide is now commonly required to follow DO-254 Design Assurance Guidance for Airborne Electronic Hardware for literally all phases of development: Safety, Requirements, Design, Logic Implementation, V&V, Quality Assurance, etc. The DO-254 standard is a companion to the software DO-178B standard; however, there are many differences between hardware and software which must be understood. This basic course introduces the intent of the DO-254 standard for commerc…

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ARP4761 and the Safety Assessment Process for Civil Airborne Systems

ARP4761 describes guidelines and methods for performing safety assessments. This recommended practice is associated with showing compliance with certification requirements (14CFR/CS Parts 23 and 25, section 1309) and assisting a company in meeting their own internal safety standards. The safety processes described are primarily associated with civil airborne equipment but the processes and tools may be applied to many applications. This 2 day seminar provides attendees with the guideline informa…

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Design Considerations for Electromechanical Flight Control Actuation Systems

This four-hour short course intends to present an overview of electrically powered flight control actuation systems, covering commercial applications. The scope covers issues related to the mechanical design of actuators themselves, with limited reference to their control electronics. Additionally, this course will provide participants an understanding of the design considerations behind these actuation systems.

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Emissions-Related OBD Systems: A Design Overview

On-board diagnostics, required by governmental regulations, provide a means for reducing harmful pollutants into the environment. Since being mandated in 1996, the regulations have continued to evolve and require engineers to design systems that meet strict guidelines. This one day seminar is designed to provide an overview of the fundamental design objectives and the features needed to achieve those objectives for generic on-board diagnostics. The basic structure of an on-board diagnostic will …

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ADAS Application: Automatic Emergency Braking

Active Safety, Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) are now being introduced to the marketplace as they serve as key enablers for anticipated autonomous driving systems. Automatic Emergency Braking (AEB) is one ADAS application which is either in the marketplace presently or under development as nearly all automakers have pledged to offer this technology by the year 2022. This one-day course is designed to provide an overview of the typical ADAS AEB system from multiple perspectives. A tech…

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Lithium Ion Family Battery Systems
Lithium Ion Family Battery Systems

The Lithium Ion family of technologies are the primary technology for plug-in and electric vehicles but, it is also being found in hybrid products. Each family can have a different discharging voltage characteristic which effects vehicle and Scan Tool diagnostics. This five-part series will provide the necessary information on all of the Lithium technologies, cell balancing systems, failure modes, diagnostics, and how these battery packs can be repaired instead of replaced. At the conclusion of …

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Advanced Power Electronics in Automotive Applications

It’s estimated that over 40% of the on-board components in the entire car are electronic based and that percentage is expected to rise with the growth of hybrid and autonomous vehicles and will continue to be an enabling technology for a wide range of future loads with new features and functions. From lighting, infotainment, and safety systems, to powertrain systems and beyond, power electronics has become one of the most important areas of the automotive subsystem and bringing this technology t…

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Design Considerations for Secure Embedded Systems

Embedded hardware is everywhere you look today from your vehicle’s infotainment system to refrigerator to medical devices and everything else in-between. With so much exposure one would think that such devices are secure against attack; however, sadly for many devices this is not the case. For proof, just look no further than your local news reports. They are full of reports on devices being hacked. So, as engineers, how do we go about first identifying and mitigating (or capitalizing) the poten…

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High Voltage Vehicle Safety Systems and PPE

High voltage vehicle safety is a primary concern for every technician or engineer involved in developing, diagnosing or repairing hybrid or electric vehicles. Engineers/technicians working in this field should complete safety training before they interface with hybrid, plug-in or electric vehicles. This course provides participants with fundamental technical and safety information on high voltage personal protective equipment (PPE) such as how to test high voltage gloves, when and where to send …

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Introduction to DO-178C

The international standard titled DO-178C - Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification is the primary standard for commercial avionics software development. This standard provides recommendations for the production of airborne systems and equipment software. Compliance with the objectives of DO-178C is the primary means for meeting airworthiness requirements and obtaining approval of software used in civil aviation products. This two-day seminar will introduce attend…

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Photogrammetry and Analysis of Digital Media

Photographs and video recordings of vehicle crashes and accident sites are more prevalent than ever, with dash mounted cameras, surveillance footage, and personal cell phones now ubiquitous. The information contained in these pictures and video provide critical information to understanding how crashes occurred, and in analyzing physical evidence. This course teaches the theory and techniques for getting the most out of digital media, including correctly processing raw video and photographs, corr…

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ISO 26262 Functional Safety – Road Vehicles: Focus on Second Edition Changes Web Seminar RePlay
ISO 26262 Functional Safety – Road Vehicles: Focus on Second Edition Changes Web Seminar RePlay

Functional safety is of utmost importance in the development of safety-critical automotive systems, especially with the introduction of driver assist and automated driving systems. Introduced in 2011 and now issued as a second edition, the ISO 26262: Functional Safety - Road Vehicles Standard has become the de-facto automotive industry functional safety standard, applying to all activities during the safety life cycle of system development. At the concept phase of ISO 26262, the hazard and risk …

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Introduction to Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Battery Systems

Driven by the need for lower emissions, better fuel economy and higher efficiency, hybrid vehicles are appearing in many different configurations on today's roadways. While the powertrain components such as the drive motor, motor controller and cooling system are somewhat familiar to the automotive industry, the battery systems are a relatively unfamiliar aspect. This seminar will introduce participants to the concepts of hybrid vehicles, their missions and the role of batteries in fulfilling th…

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Safe Handling of High Voltage Battery Systems

Electric and hybrid vehicles are becoming more visible on today's roadways and the automotive companies are working hard to make these vehicles as transparent as possible to enhance consumer acceptance. The battery system forms a key part of any of these vehicles and is probably the least understood. With practically no moving parts the battery systems show no visible or audible warning of any latent dangers. This seminar will introduce participants to the risks encountered in handling high volt…

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Integrated Navigation for Versatility and Robustness: Addressing our Navigation and Tracking Challenges

The course material covered, begins with fundamentals of navigation for versatility and robustness, showing intuitive connections of mathematics to physical examples, followed by a natural transition to advanced topics. Addressing navigation and tracking challenges, practical realities are given top priority, by delivering maximum effectiveness from simplest permissible representations. This course will enable designers to extract maximum benefit from available sensors, however extravagant or au…

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Understanding and Using the SAE J2534-1 API to Access Vehicle Networks

With the increase in vehicle electronics, the need to gather data from the vehicle has never been greater. From vehicle development, through vehicle test to vehicle validation, engineers are required to collect data from the vehicle's network. The SAE J2534-1 API (Recommended Practice for Pass-Thru Vehicle Programming) gives engineers the tool to collect vehicle data from multiple network types including CAN, ISO15765, J1850, ISO9141 and Chrysler SCI, using standard J2534 interface devices. In a…

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Photography for Accident Reconstruction, Product Liability, and Testing

Many technical projects, most vehicle and component testing, and all accident reconstructions, product failure analyses, and other forensic investigations, require photographic documentation. Roadway evidence disappears, tested or wrecked vehicles are repaired, disassembled, or scrapped, and components can be tested to failure. Photographs are frequently the only evidence that remains of a wreck, or the only records of subjects before or during tests. Making consistently good images during any i…

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Introduction to Design of Experiments (DOE) for Engineers

Design of Experiments (DOE) is a methodology that can be effective for general problem solving, as well as for improving or optimizing product design and manufacturing processes. Specific applications of DOE include, but are not limited to, identifying root causes to quality or production problems, identifying optimized design and process settings, achieving robust designs, and generating predictive math models that describe physical system behavior. This introductory on-demand course provides a…

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