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The aviation, space, and defense industries rely on the development and manufacture of complex products comprised of multiple systems, subsystems, and components each designed by individual designers (design activities) at various levels within the supply chain. Each design or manufacturing activity controls various aspects of the configuration and specifications related to the product. When a change to design or process is requested or required, the change is typically required to be evaluated against the impacts to the entire system. Proposed changes to design data/information that the design activity identifies to be minor and have no effect on the product requirements or specifications, have the potential to be implemented and approved, where authorized to do so, but requires notification. Changes that affect customer mandated requirements or specifications shall be approved prior to implementation. In many cases, the design activity is not conducted by the DAH or design authorityG-14 Americas Aerospace Quality Standards Committee (AAQSC)
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) addresses the general procedure for the best practices for minimizing uncertainty when calibrating thermal conductivity and cold cathode vacuum gauges, which includes the vacuum sensor(s) and accompanying electronics necessary for a pressure measurement to be made. It also includes the best practices for an in-process verification where limitations make it impossible to follow the best practices for minimizing uncertainty. Verifying the accuracy and operation of vacuum gauges is critical to ensure the maintenance of processes while under vacuumAMS B Finishes Processes and Fluids Committee
This specification covers procedures for identifying carbon and low-alloy steels, corrosion- and heat-resistant steels and alloys, maraging and other highly alloyed steels, and iron alloy sheet, strip, and plate, and aircraft tubingAMS F Corrosion and Heat Resistant Alloys Committee
This specification covers a corrosion-resistant steel in the form of sheet, strip, and plate 0.005 to 1.000 inches (0.13 to 25.40 mm) in nominal thickness in the solution heat-treated conditionAMS F Corrosion and Heat Resistant Alloys Committee
Low-temperature heat release (LTHR) is of interest for its potential to help control autoignition in advanced compression ignition (ACI) engines and mitigate knock in spark ignition (SI) engines. Previous studies have identified and investigated LTHR in both ACI and SI engines before the main high-temperature heat release (HTHR) event and, more recently, LTHR in isolation has been demonstrated in SI engines by appropriately curating the in-cylinder thermal state during compression and disabling the spark discharge. Ethanol is an increasingly common component of market fuel blends, owing to its renewable sources. In this work, the effect of adding ethanol to iso-octane (2,2,4-trimethylpentane) blends on their LTHR behavior is demonstrated. Tests were run on a motored single-cylinder engine elevated inlet air temperatures and pressures were adjusted to realize LTHR from blends of iso-octane and ethanol without entering the HTHR regime. The blends were tested with inlet temperatures of 40White, Samuel PhilipBajwa, Abdullah UmairLeach, Felix
This recommended practice is derived from common test sequences used within the industry. This procedure applies to all on-road passenger cars and light trucks up to 4 540 kg of GVWR. This recommended practice does not address other aspects such as performance, NVH, and durability. Test results from this recommended practice should be combined with other measurements and dynamometer tests (or vehicle-level tests), and acceptance criteria to validate a given design or configurationBrake Dynamometer Standards Committee
This specification covers a corrosion- and heat-resistant nickel alloy in the form of welding wireAMS F Corrosion and Heat Resistant Alloys Committee
This specification covers a magnesium alloy in the form of welding wire (see 8.5AMS D Nonferrous Alloys Committee
This specification covers an aluminum alloy in the form of extruded bars, rods, wire, profiles, and tubing up to 5.000 inches (127.00 mm), inclusive, in nominal diameter or least thickness (see 8.5AMS D Nonferrous Alloys Committee
This specification covers an aluminum alloy in the form of plate 4.000 to 10.000 inches (101.6 to 254.0 mm), inclusive, in nominal thickness (see 8.5AMS D Nonferrous Alloys Committee
This specification covers procedures for ultrasonic immersion inspection of premium-grade wrought titanium and titanium alloy round billet 5 inches (127 mm) and over in nominal diameter (see 2.6.1). Metal alloy billets other than titanium may be tested to this specification with the use of suitable reference standardsAMS K Non Destructive Methods and Processes Committee
The test method describes the procedure for the direct determination of water concentration in polyol ester and diester based aerospace lubricants by commercially available automated coulometric Karl Fischer titration instruments. The method was validated to cover the water concentration range of 150 to 3500 µg/g. The method may also be suitable for the determination of water concentrations outside this range and for other classes of fluids; however, the precision statement shall not be applicable for such usesE-34 Propulsion Lubricants Committee
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) defines the nomenclature for surface finishes commonly used for sheet and strip in aerospace material specifications. It is applicable to steel and to iron, nickel, cobalt, and titanium base alloysAMS F Corrosion and Heat Resistant Alloys Committee
This specification establishes the requirements for a hard anodic coating on aluminum and aluminum alloysAMS B Finishes Processes and Fluids Committee
This SAE Systems Management Standard specifies the Habitability processes throughout planning, design, development, test, production, use and disposal of a system. Depending on contract phase and/or complexity of the program, tailoring of this standard may be applied. Appendix C provides guidance on tailoring standard requirements to fit the various DoD acquisition pathways. The primary goals of a contractor Habitability program include: Ensuring that the system design complies with the customer Habitability requirements and that discrepancies are reported to management and the customer. Identifying, coordinating, tracking, prioritizing, and resolving Habitability risks and issues and ensuring that they are: ◦ Reflected in the contractor proposal, budgets, and plans. ◦ Raised at design, management, and program reviews. ◦ Debated in working group meetings. ◦ Coordinated with Training, logistics, and the other HSI disciplines. ◦ Included appropriately in documentation and deliverableG-45 Human Systems Integration
This document seeks to classify all-wheel drive (AWD) architectures primarily based on the installed hardware and does not consider the implementation of the controls and software. For example, a power transfer unit (PTU) may be equipped with a clutch that is capable of torque management, but the control implementation only uses it for disconnection functions without torque management. In this SAE Recommended Practice, attention will be given to passenger cars and light trucks (through Class III). The definitions presented herein may also be applicable to heavy trucks (Class 4 through 8) and off-highway applications using more than two axles but are primarily focused on passenger cars and light trucksDrivetrain Standards Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice provides the methods of measurements for electrical and photometric characteristics of LED packages. It provides procedures, requirements, and guidelines for the methods of the measurement of luminous flux and color maintenance of LED devices (packages, arrays, and modules) for ground vehicle lighting applicationsLighting Standard Practices Committee
The paramount importance of titanium alloy in implant materials stems from its exceptional qualities, yet the optimization of bone integration and mitigation of wear and corrosion necessitate advanced technologies. Consequently, there has been a surge in research efforts focusing on surface modification of biomaterials to meet these challenges. This project is dedicated to enhancing the surface of titanium alloys by employing shot peening and powder coatings of titanium oxide and zinc oxide. Comparative analyses were meticulously conducted on the mechanical and wear properties of both treated and untreated specimens, ensuring uniformity in pressure, distance, and time parameters across all experiments. The outcomes underscore the efficacy of both methods in modifying the surface of the titanium alloy, leading to substantial alterations in surface properties. Notably, the treated alloy exhibited an impressive nearly 12% increase in surface hardness compared to its untreated counterpartBalasubramanian, K.Bragadeesvaran, S. R.Raja, R.Jannet, Sabitha
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides minimum standards and environmental design requirement recommendations for lighting and control in galley areas. It also addresses electrical shock hazard in galley areas. The use of “shall” in this document expresses provisions that are binding. Non-mandatory provisions use the term “shouldA-20C Interior Lighting
This document outlines the development process and makes recommendations for total antiskid/aircraft systems compatibility. These recommendations encompass all aircraft systems that may affect antiskid brake control and performance. It focuses on recommended practices specific to antiskid and its integration with the aircraft, as opposed to more generic practices recommended for all aircraft systems and components. It defers to the documents listed in Section 2 for generic aerospace best practices and requirements. The documents listed below are the major drivers in antiskid/aircraft integration: 1 ARP4754 2 ARP4761 3 RTCA DO-178 4 RTCA DO-254 5 RTCA DO-160 6 ARP490 7 ARP1383 8 ARP1598 In addition, it covers design and operational goals, general theory, and functions, which should be considered by the aircraft brake system engineer to attain the most effective skid control performance, as well as methods of determining and evaluating antiskid system performance. For definitions ofA-5A Wheels, Brakes and Skid Controls Committee
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) describes the design approaches used for current applications of aircraft Brake-by-Wire (BBW) control systems. The document also discusses the experience gained during service, and covers system, ergonomic, hardware, and development aspects. The document includes the lessons that have been learned during application of the technology. Although there are a variety of approaches that have been used in the design of BBW systems, the main focus of this document is on the current state of the art systemsA-5A Wheels, Brakes and Skid Controls Committee