Vehicles and Performance

The Role of Connected and Autonomous Vehicles in Smart Cities

There is growing interest in the concept of a smart city and how these advanced technologies will improve the quality of living and make a city more attractive to visitors, commerce and industry. This course fills an unmet need for defining and explaining the relationship between connected and autonomous vehicles (CAVs) and smart city transportation. It is apparent that CAVs will achieve the best results when integrated with current and emerging urban infrastructure for transportation. This cour…

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Introduction to Autonomous Trucking and Platooning Technology

Vehicle automation and intelligent transportation systems will be the cornerstones of sustainable smart cities of the future. People movers seem to be at the heart of technology development, field trials and on-road testing, and strategic business partnerships when it comes to connectivity and automated driving. Majority of the focus has been on unmanned operation and door-to-door service in urban environments and not on highways. Highways are relatively simpler to handle from an engineering sta…

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Introduction to Automated Vehicle Safety: Multi-Agent, Functional Safety, and SOTIF

Fatal accidents involving automated vehicles have made it clear that safety is paramount to their acceptance, testing, verification, validation, and deployment. In fact, safety has been ranked as the number one concern for the acceptance and adoption of automated vehicles, and understandably so, since safety has some of the most complex requirements in the development of such vehicles. However, there are many misconceptions involving safety and the concept of safety as applied to automated vehic…

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High Voltage Vehicle Safety Systems

This four-part course from SAE training partner FutureTech* is most beneficial if completed before servicing hybrid, plug-in and electric vehicles. These vehicles contain high voltage DC and AC safety systems that are monitored by vehicle systems controllers that will maintain a safety barrier between the vehicle operator and the vehicle body/chassis to mitigate the possibility of electrical shock. This presentation will provide the technical information and background to know how these systems …

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Advanced Applications of Heavy Vehicle EDR Data

This class will provide the student with the skills, knowledge, and abilities to interpret, analyze and apply Heavy Vehicle Event Data Recorder (HVEDR) data in real world applications. This course has been designed to build on the concepts presented in the SAE course Accessing and Interpreting Heavy Vehicle Event Data Recorders (ID# C1022). Advanced topics will include associating HVEDR data with collision events through timestamps, odometer logs, and data signatures, validating HVEDR speed data…

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Tire and Wheel Safety Issues

One of the most important safety critical components on cars, trucks, and aircraft is the pneumatic tire. Vehicle tires primarily control stopping distances on wet and dry roads or runways and strongly influence over-steer/under-steer behavior in handling maneuvers of cars and trucks. The inflated tire-wheel assembly also acts as a pressure vessel that releases a large amount of energy when catastrophically deflated. The tire can also serve as a fulcrum, both directly and indirectly, in contribu…

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Introduction to Hybrid Electric Vehicle Systems

Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) models currently populating the vehicle electrification landscape indicate their dominance in the market. Although electric, plug-in, and fuel cell vehicles are making inroads in the market, the HEV stands as the market leader in adoption, and manufacturers have no plans on diminishing HEV production. HEV powertrain operation is totally different from the traditional vehicle. It is essential to understand the various operating modes and how failure modes in the hybr…

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Fundamentals of Hybrid Electric Vehicles and Related Technologies

Driven by high fuel prices, environmental regulations, and consumer demand, the market for hybrid electric vehicles has experienced rapid growth. Every major automotive company produces a HEV with approximately fifty different HEV models on the market and over five million HEVs having already been sold. To meet current and future demands in the HEV and PHEV markets, success will depend on engineering and support personnel having and maintaining a thorough understanding of HEV related technologie…

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Introduction to Highly Automated Vehicles

Every year, the U.S. experiences more than 32,000 traffic deaths and over 3.8 million crash injuries. While the trend in traffic deaths has been downward for the past decade, most of this reduction has been the result of optimizing passive occupant crash protection systems such as seatbelts and airbags. Advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) now offer the potential to significantly reduce or eliminate most vehicle crashes by perceiving a dangerous situation before the crash has occurred and t…

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A Primer on Regulations and Liability Considerations for HAV’s

Potential regulations surrounding the development, testing and commercial launch of Highly Automated Vehicles and possible liability exposure for the manufacturing and operation of Highly Automated Vehicles are fluid and changing areas, that will continue to evolve over the next several years. The first half of this course reviews where regulations are at the state and federal levels, what actions are currently under consideration, how current regulations will need to change to accommodate HAV’s…

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Vehicle Dynamics for Passenger Cars and Light Trucks

This seminar will present an introduction to Vehicle Dynamics from a vehicle system perspective. The theory and applications are associated with the interaction and performance balance between the powertrain, brakes, steering, suspensions and wheel and tire vehicle subsystems. The role that vehicle dynamics can and should play in effective automotive chassis development and the information and technology flow from vehicle system to subsystem to piece-part is integrated into the presentation. Gov…

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Fundamentals of Automotive All-Wheel Drive Systems

This seminar provides an introduction to the fundamental concepts and evolution of passenger car and light truck 4x4/all-wheel drive (AWD) systems including the nomenclature utilized to describe these systems. Basic power transfer unit and transfer case design parameters, component application to system function, the future of AWD systems, and emerging technologies that may enable future systems are covered. This course is an excellent follow-up to the 98024-A Familiarization of Drivetrain Compo…

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Introduction to Cooling Airflow Systems Web Seminar RePlay

Vehicle functional requirements, diesel emission regulations, and subsystem thermal limits all have a direct impact on the design of a powertrain cooling airflow system. Severe duty cycles, minimal ram air, fouling, and sometimes unconventional package layouts present unique challenges to the designer. This course introduces many airflow integration issues and vehicle-level trade-offs that effect system performance and drive the design. The goal of this course is to introduce engineers and manag…

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Introduction to NVH Aspects of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles

The influx of different hybrid and electric vehicle configurations has brought about unique NVH challenges from a variety of sources. NVH refinement is an important aspect of powertrain development and the vehicle integration process. While developing the NVH behavior of the vehicle is critical to satisfy customer expectations, it is also important to consider the influence of reduced exterior noise levels on pedestrian safety. This seminar introduces participants to basic NVH principles and uni…

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Fundamentals of Powertrain Design for Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Driven by high fuel prices, environmental regulations, and consumer demand, the market for hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) has experienced rapid growth. Every major automotive company produces an HEV. There are approximately fifty different HEV models on the market and over eight million HEVs already sold. In order to meet current and future demands in the HEV and PHEV markets, success will depend on engineering personnel knowing how to develop and manufacture HEV powertrains. This two day semina…

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Fuel Cells for Transportation

This is a three-day course which provides a comprehensive and up to date introduction to fuel cells for use in automotive engineering applications. It is intended for engineers and particularly engineering managers who want to jump‐start their understanding of this emerging technology and to enable them to engage in its development. Following a brief description of fuel cells and how they work, how they integrate and add value, and how hydrogen is produced, stored and distributed, the course wil…

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Accident Reconstruction, the Autonomous Vehicle and ADAS

After the crash, you need to know if an autonomous or driver assistance system was installed in the vehicle, if it functioned properly, and if it affected the outcome of the accident. Get a detailed look at the rapidly growing field of self-driving vehicles and driver assistance systems. What is available, how does it work, and what will happen in a crash scenario? How does it affect product liability and accident reconstruction? Some auto manufacturers are equipping the majority of their new ve…

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ARP4754A and the Guidelines for Development of Civil Aircraft and Systems

ARP4754A substantially revises the industry guidance for the development of aircraft and aircraft systems while taking into account the overall aircraft operating environment and functions. This development process includes validation of requirements and verification of the design implementation for certification and product assurance. ARP4754A provides the practices for showing compliance with regulations and serves to assist companies in developing and meeting its own internal standards though…

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Introduction to Cyber Security for Commercial Aviation

Despite the advantages of electronic flight bags (EFB), passenger entertainment and email access during flights, and the ability to access aircraft repair manuals electronically, computer interconnectivity throughout aviation has opened the aviation sector to cyber-attacks that could impact flights, data, and safety. This two-day seminar is intended to introduce aviation professionals to the need to implement cyber security throughout commercial aviation including the supply chain. The course wi…

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Fundamentals of Truck and Off-Highway Transmission Systems

This course will develop a basic understanding of the fundamentals of operation and explain the current state-of-the-art design of the modern transmission designs. Transmission systems in current production will be used as a practical example throughout the seminar. Two basic product areas of truck and off-highway transmission systems will be reviewed: Planetary Automatic Transmissions, and Power-Shifted Transmissions. The functional requirements of the "current" market and the operational needs…

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Reconstruction and Analysis of Motorcycle Crashes

The reconstruction and analysis of motorcycle crashes requires a specialized set of skills and knowledge beyond those required for typical four wheel vehicles. This seminar takes participants beyond the basics of crash reconstruction to physical models and analysis techniques that are unique to the reconstruction of motorcycle crashes, providing learners with a comprehensive summary of applicable reconstruction techniques. In addition, case studies will be utilized throughout the course to furth…

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High-Performance Brake Systems

While most passenger car brake systems are quite robust and reliable under typical operating conditions, high-performance driving and/or racetrack operation generally require alternative design solutions to optimize consistency and longevity. Whether it is brake fluid fade, cracked rotor discs, chronic knockback, or insufficient brake pad life, the stresses of motorsports can pose unique challenges to even the very best brake system designs. Consequently, ceramic rotors, six-piston calipers, adj…

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Introduction to Advanced High Strength Steel Applications and Manufacturing

Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS) are now commonly used in automotive body structural applications. The high strength of this grade classification is attractive to help reduce mass in the automotive body through reduction in thickness. Strength also supports improvements in safety requirements so that mass increases are minimized. In some specific grades of AHSS, energy absorption is possible in addition to the high strength. This course will review the definition and properties of AHSS and c…

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High Voltage Safety and PPE

High Voltage Safety & PPE (Personal Protection Equipment) is a necessary and important course to complete when planning to diagnose or repair hybrid or electric vehicles. This on-demand course, from SAE training partner FutureTech* will provide information on how to test high voltage gloves, when and where to send high voltage gloves for periodic testing, and how to safely use the proper test equipment for measuring high voltage components in live and disabled high voltage systems. At the conclu…

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Fundamentals of Vehicle Dynamics

Vehicle design always involves conflicting goals. A suspension system that’s optimized for ride is not always the best for handling. The powertrain that gives best acceleration is not likely to be the most fuel-efficient. This course addresses the motor vehicle as a system. By increasing your knowledge of the primary mechanics for all modes of performance, you’ll better appreciate how to optimize the overall vehicle. This will allow you to predict performance of a given design early in the desig…

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Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Systems

Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV), Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV), and Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) technology model offerings and production volumes continue to accelerate with each model year. Advanced technology vehicle populations are significantly increasing throughout the world, making it vital for engineers, technicians, and educators to have a thorough understanding of these technologies and systems. This three-day practical and applications-based course will concentrate on archite…

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Application Development of Electric Vehicles and Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Balancing Economic Objectives and Technical Requirements

This course is offered in China only. More and more stringent emission and fuel consumption regulations are pushing the automotive industry towards electrified powertrain and electrified vehicles. This is particularly evident in China, where there is an increased demand for electric (EV) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). Infrastructure is being built across the country for convenient charging. It must now be determined how to meet the technical targets for EV/HEV regulations under economic con…

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Fundamentals and Applications of Electric Motors for Automotive Industries

As the electrification of automobiles is on the rise, it is imperative that the capabilities and limits of the associated devices and systems be understood at a higher level than previously considered adequate. For example, the Tesla Model S has 62 electric motors while the Model X has 70! They propel the vehicle and provide comfort too. Their design must reflect the worst case operating scenarios, duty cycles, environment, country of use and its standards, etc. Robust design of every component …

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Introduction to Power Electronics in Automotive Applications

Modern power electronics (PE) devices and circuits are now in widespread use in automotive and non-automotive applications. The purpose of this course is to give an overall introduction to the key aspects of power electronic circuits, components and design in automotive applications. Topics covered include power semiconductor devices, their characteristics and operation, and their use in power electronics circuits. Techniques for analyzing and designing switch-mode power supplies, DC-DC converte…

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LIDAR and Infrared Cameras for ADAS and Autonomous Sensing

This two-day seminar examines ADAS and autonomous vehicle technologies that have disrupted the traditional automotive industry with their challenges and potential to increase safety while attempting to optimize the cost of car ownership. LIDAR and Infrared camera sensing are seeing a rapid growth and adoption in the industry. However, the sensor requirements and system architecture options continue to evolve almost every six months. This course will provide the foundation to build on for these t…

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Connected & Autonomous Vehicles – Foundations and Business Models

The global forecasts of Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAV) uptake predicts a sustained market growth. Depending on the scenarios to take place the expansion in market share could be exponential. Considering rapid technology development and moderate global L3-L5 CAV uptake, estimates a share of 25% of total annual global vehicle sales in 2035. This three-day course is designed to familiarize participants with a panoramic sight of technologies used in CAV and its usability from multiple angle…

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Powertrain Selection for Fuel Economy and Acceleration Performance

Developing vehicles that achieve optimum fuel economy and acceleration performance is critical to the success of any automotive company, yet many practicing engineers have not received formal training on the broad range of factors which influence vehicle performance. This seminar provides this fundamental understanding through the development of mathematical models that describe the relevant physics and through the hands-on application of automotive test equipment. Attendees will also be introdu…

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Advanced Vehicle Dynamics for Passenger Cars and Light Trucks

This interactive seminar will take you beyond the basics of passenger car and light truck vehicle dynamics by applying advanced theory, physical tests and CAE to the assessment of ride, braking, steering and handling performance. Governing state-space equations with transfer functions for primary ride and open loop handling will be developed & analyzed. Building on the analysis of the state space equations, common physical tests and their corresponding CAE solutions for steady state and transien…

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Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) Hybrid Battery Systems

This course from SAE International training partner, FutureTech*, is a MUST for everyone servicing hybrid vehicles. NiMH battery systems continue primary battery technology in hybrid vehicles and have been since the 2000 model year. If a technical professional doesn’t know the fundamentals of NiMH operation it is impossible for them to perform a solid diagnosis or repair. This course will concentrate on the NiMH technology, how it performs as it ages, how it can effect vehicle performance and fu…

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Commercial Vehicle Braking Systems

Increased public pressure to improve commercial truck safety and new stopping distance regulations have intensified the need to better understand the factors influencing heavy vehicle braking performance. To assist individuals and their organizations in preparing for these new truck braking standards, this seminar focuses attendees on understanding medium-duty hydraulic brake systems and heavy-duty air brake systems and how both systems' performance can be predicted, maintained and optimized. Th…

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ADAS Application: Automatic Emergency Braking

Active Safety, Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) are now being introduced to the marketplace as they serve as key enablers for anticipated autonomous driving systems. Automatic Emergency Braking (AEB) is one ADAS application which is either in the marketplace presently or under development as nearly all automakers have pledged to offer this technology by the year 2022. This one-day course is designed to provide an overview of the typical ADAS AEB system from multiple perspectives. A tech…

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Lithium Ion Family Battery Systems

The Lithium Ion family of technologies are the primary technology for plug-in and electric vehicles but, it is also being found in hybrid products. Each family can have a different discharging voltage characteristic which effects vehicle and Scan Tool diagnostics. This five-part series will provide the necessary information on all of the Lithium technologies, cell balancing systems, failure modes, diagnostics, and how these battery packs can be repaired instead of replaced. At the conclusion of …

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Powertrain Architecture, Controls, and Energy Management Systems of EV and HEV

This seminar is presented in Mandarin Chinese. The course materials are bilingual (English and Chinese). Developing environmentally cleaner and more fuel efficient vehicles is transforming the automotive industry worldwide, particularly in China with its emphasis on new energy vehicles. There are many engineering challenges that must be addressed in designing effective new energy vehicles. The technical knowledge required to understand and make the right decisions with regard to powertrain archi…

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Advanced Power Electronics in Automotive Applications

It’s estimated that over 40% of the on-board components in the entire car are electronic based and that percentage is expected to rise with the growth of hybrid and autonomous vehicles and will continue to be an enabling technology for a wide range of future loads with new features and functions. From lighting, infotainment, and safety systems, to powertrain systems and beyond, power electronics has become one of the most important areas of the automotive subsystem and bringing this technology t…

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Introduction to Hydraulic Hybrid Systems for Road Vehicles

Considerable attention has been given to the design and efficiencies of electric hybrid propulsion systems and energy storage technologies. Although they draw much less attention, hydraulic hybrid propulsion and regenerative braking systems for road vehicles are a cost effective alternative to electric systems and have relevance to important sectors of the passenger and commercial vehicle markets. In this two-day seminar, hydraulic hybrid vehicle systems and their potential will be examined usin…

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Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Engineering Academy

SAE Engineering Academies provide comprehensive and immersive training experiences, helping new and re-assigned engineers become proficient and productive in a short period of time. The Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Engineering Academy covers hybrid and electric vehicle engineering concepts, theory, and applications relevant to HEV, PHEV, EREV, and BEV for the passenger car industry. While the theory and concepts readily apply to the commercial vehicle industry as well, the examples and applicatio…

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Introduction to Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Battery Systems

Driven by the need for lower emissions, better fuel economy and higher efficiency, hybrid vehicles are appearing in many different configurations on today's roadways. While the powertrain components such as the drive motor, motor controller and cooling system are somewhat familiar to the automotive industry, the battery systems are a relatively unfamiliar aspect. This seminar will introduce participants to the concepts of hybrid vehicles, their missions and the role of batteries in fulfilling th…

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Aircraft Cabin Safety and Interior Crashworthiness

The certification of transport category cabin interiors requires a thorough understanding of Part 25 Transport Category aircraft cabin interior safety and crashworthiness regulations and compliance requirements. Regardless of whether it is a simple modification, a specialized completion (VIP or VVIP) or airline passenger configuration, engineers, designers, and airworthiness personnel must understand and adhere to these requirements. This two day seminar will begin with a discussion of Commercia…

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Introduction to Commercial and Off-Road Vehicle Cooling Airflow Systems

Vehicle functional requirements, emission regulations, and thermal limits all have a direct impact on the design of a powertrain cooling airflow system. Given the expected increase in emission-related heat rejection, suppliers and vehicle manufacturers must work together as partners in the design, selection, and packaging of cooling system components. An understanding and appreciation of airflow integration issues and vehicle-level trade-offs that effect system performance are important to the t…

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Applied Vehicle Dynamics

Take notes! Take the wheel! There is no better place to gain an appreciation for vehicle dynamics than from the driver’s seat. Spend three, intense days with a world-renowned vehicle dynamics engineer and SAE Master Instructor, his team of experienced industry engineers, and the BMW-trained professional driving instructors. They will guide you as you work your way through 12 classroom modules learning how and why vehicles go, stop and turn. Each classroom module is immediately followed by an eng…

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Fundamentals of Vehicle Suspension Design

The design and development of vehicle suspensions significantly influences vehicle handling and ride comfort. Suspension system design excellence follows the basic laws of physics using design synthesis techniques, a methodical process for suspension geometry development. Suspension geometry is the foundation of vehicle performance from which high-confidence suspension components and tunings can be developed. Suspension component design continues to move toward mass and cost efficient designs wi…

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