Your Selections

Suspension systems
Show Only

Collections

File Formats

Content Types

Dates

Sectors

Topics

Authors

Publishers

Affiliations

Committees

Events

Magazine

   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Design & analysis of 2 point aluminum upper control arm in modular multi link rear suspension system

ZF India Pvt, Ltd.-MAYUR SHAMKANT KULKARNI
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2564
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
In current automobile market, due to the need of meeting future CO2 limits and emission standards, demand for hybrid systems is on the rise. In general, the requirements of modern automobile architecture demands modular chassis structure to develop vehicle variants using minimum platforms. The multi-link modular suspension system provides ideal solution to achieve these targets. To match ideal stiffness characteristics of system with minimum weight, aluminum links are proving a good alternative to conventional steel forged or stamped linkages. Design of current 2-point link (Upper Control Arm) is based on elasto-kinematic model developed using standard load cases from multi body dynamics. CAD system used is CATIA V5 to design upper control arm for rear suspension. This arm connects steering knuckle & rear sub frame. For Finite Element Analysis we used Hyperworks CAE tool to analyze design under all load cased & further optimization is done to resolve highly stressed zones. An optimized solution presented with a balance of ideal stiffness & strength. A CAD model developed with aluminum forged alloy (6082 - T6) is compared…
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Correlation of Objective and Subjective test results for Ride comfort with Heave, Pitch and Roll motion for a Passenger Vehicle

Advanced Structures India-Anuj Jha, Rahul Ramola
Vellore Institute of Technology-Aniruddha Deouskar
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2410
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Research Objective The importance of evaluating ride comfort with high degrees of accuracy objectively and its correlation with subjective perception is increasing day by day because of the long duration of the driving experience. The complex motion of the vehicle which is the combination of heave, roll and pitch motion is responsible for causing extreme uneasiness to the driver as well as the passenger. In this paper, ride comfort evaluation is done on the highway with similar traffic conditions with the help of Vibration Dose Value Analysis, Suspension Working Space and Ride Diagram methods for two hatchbacks and its correlation with the complex motion like choppiness of the vehicle is established that will help us to enhance the driver ride experience. Methodology The ride testing is performed for two hatchbacks on a highway road with different kinds of terrain ranging from highly uneven road roughness to moderately smooth surface for a speed range of 60-100 kmph. The road environment is chosen for testing in order to record and analyze the most practical vehicle response to…
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

System Level Design of a Self-Stabilizing Two-Wheeler Suspension Concept

Chalmers University-Dhurai Prabhahar
Sastra Deemed University-Hariharan Sankarasubramanian
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-0127
To be published on 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Two-wheeler represent one of the most used mode of transport in countries like India. The data from NCRB shows that most injuries to two-wheeler motorists are after being thrown off the vehicle. A self-stabilized combined with enclosure prevents serious injury in case of a skidding of the two-wheeler. The primary objective of the work is to create a suspension system for the enclosed self-balancing two-wheeler such that it can withstand the load of the vehicle itself and the extra payload. Ride comfort was primary objective of the work.The suspension system was modeled from the first principles, solved using MATLABTM SIMULINKTM and kinematics simulation was performed to learn the behavior of the system in MSC ADAMSTM. Dynamic simulations were also carried out to check if the forces were under permissible levels for overall design. The parameters considered for the work were hard-points, suspension stiffness and damping. With manual parameter iterations, suspension parameters were tuned for optimal suspension travel, load transmission and power transmission to ground.The work presents a concept for suspension system verified for kinematics and…
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Modeling and Analysis of Helical and Wave Spring Behavior for Automobile Suspension

Sri Krishna College of Engg. and Tech.-Soundararajan Ranganathan, Sathishkumar Kuppuraj, Girish Vishnu Rajaram Ganesan, Jayasuriya Nandhagopal
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-0130
To be published on 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
The suspension is an indispensable element of automobiles which plays a crucial role in maintaining stability and the ride comfort. Helical springs are used in automobile suspension for many decades. The stiffness of the spring and presence of shock absorber plays a major role while negotiating a huge amount of load. Therefore, the cost of the suspension increases proportionally in commercial vehicles. In this present work, a helical and wave spring is designed and static cum dynamic analysis is done by using ANSYS 18.1 for comparing their performance and to eliminate the downside of the suspension. The geometry of the helical spring is designed using the helix curve and wave spring is designed using Sinusoidal equation. Modeling of both the springs is done using Solid works 2018. Chrome silicon and music wire are chosen as a spring material. The responses like stress and deflection of helical spring and wave spring for both the materials under static loads of 3000 N, 3500 N, 4000 N is obtained. Further, the dynamic analysis is conducted on both the…
new

Brake Squeal Prevention through Suspension Design and Adaptive Suspension

SAE International Journal of Vehicle Dynamics, Stability, and NVH

Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India-Shashank Saxena, Jayanta Kumar Dutt
  • Journal Article
  • 10-03-03-0011
Published 2019-09-03 by SAE International in United States
The brake squeal phenomenon has bothered automobile manufacturers for a long time. Although having no ill effects on the braking performance, the squeaky noise is often a nuisance and one of the major complaints of many customers. In order to design quality and noise-free automobiles, the brake squeal issue has to be permanently tackled. Controlling brake squeal by the addition of damping on the disk and shape optimization has been suggested by many researchers. Other methods proposed in the literature include the use of a different brake pad material or an anti-squeal paste. However, the effect of the type of brake pad suspension on brake squeal has not been studied. In this article, we demonstrate that the use of a 4-element viscoelastic support can help prevent brake squeal for the practical vehicle speed range. For a 2-element support, we have identified a suitable control parameter and proposed an efficient active control for squeal prevention based on that. A nondimensional analysis has been carried out so as to ensure that the results are applicable for any…
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Simulation Analysis of a Dual-Purpose Intelligent Mobile Platform for Highway and Railway

Nan Sun
University of Science & Development-Wenming Zhang
Published 2019-06-05 by SAE International in United States
Railways play a huge role in China's transportation industry. In order to ensure intelligence, advanced technology and high efficiency in functions such as railway inspection, rescue and transportation, a dual-purpose intelligent mobile platform for both roads and railways was developed. Due to the height limitation of this platform, resilient wheels and rubber dampers with short stroke are used as the suspension system for the rail chassis. Based on this special suspension form, the dynamic model of the whole platform is derived, and the simulation model of the whole platform is established in the simulation software. The effects of resilient wheels’ axial stiffness, radial stiffness and vertical stiffness, lateral stiffness of rubber dampers on the vertical and lateral stability of the platform were studied. It is found that the increase of the radial stiffness of the resilient wheels will deteriorate the vertical stability and lateral stability of the platform. The increase in the axial stiffness of the resilient wheels will deteriorate the vertical stability of the platform and the lateral stability will be improved. The increase…
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Kinematics and Compliance Analysis of a 3.5 Tonne Load Capacity Independent Front Suspension for LCV

Hexagon Studio-Salih Kuris, Efe Gungor, Ataman Deniz, Gulsah Uysal, Baris Aykent
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
This paper deals with the development of a 3.5 tonne carrying double wishbone front suspension for a low floor LCV. It is a novelty in this class of vehicles. It has a track width of 1810 mm and it has a recirculating ball steering system. The steering mechanism has been arranged so that the steering angle could reach to 48° that is a very effective angle in that vehicle range. This results as a lower turning radius which indicates a better handling for the vehicle.The steering and the front suspension system here have been optimized in terms of comfort and handling by using DOE (design of experiments) based on sequential programming technique. In order to achieve better suspension and steering system geometry, this technique has been applied. The results have been compared with the benchmark vehicle.
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Composite Lightweight Automotive Suspension System (CLASS)

Ford Motor Co.-Alan James Banks
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
The Composite Lightweight Automotive Suspension System is a composite rear suspension knuckle/tieblade consisting of UD prepreg (epoxy resin), SMC (vinylester resin) carbon fibre and a steel insert to reduce the weight of the component by 35% and reduce Co2. The compression moulding manufacturing process and CAE optimisation are unique and ground-breaking for this product and are designed to allow high volume manufacture of approx. 30,000 vehicles per year. The manufacturing techniques employed allow for multi-material construction within a five minute cycle time to make the process viable for volume manufacture. The complexities of the design lie in the areas of manufacturing, CAE prediction and highly specialised design methods. It is a well-known fact that the performance of a composite part is primarily determined by the way it is manufactured. The design team were able to use their extensive knowledge of material behaviour and state of the art manufacturing cells to enable a component that meets the required functional requirements. The CAE optimisation techniques developed during the project made a significant contribution to the project by…
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

A Non-Contact Overload Identification Method Based on Vehicle Dynamics

Suizhou-WUT Industry Research Institute-Gangfeng Tan
Wuhan University of Technology-Daolin Zhou, Yiran Ding, Shimin Yu, Xiaofei Ma, Shuai Wang, Zhenyu Wang
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
The vehicle overload seriously jeopardizes traffic safety and affects traffic efficiency. At present, the static weighing station and weigh-in-motion station are both relatively fixed, so the detection efficiency is not high and the traffic efficiency is affected; the on-board dynamic weighing equipment is difficult to be popularized because of the problem of being deliberately damaged or not accepted by the purchaser. This paper proposes an efficient, accurate, non-contact vehicle overload identification method which can keep the road unimpeded. The method can detect the vehicle overload by the relative distance (as the characteristic distance) between the dynamic vehicle's marking line and the road surface. First, the dynamics model of the vehicle suspension is set up. Then, the dynamic characteristic distance of the traffic vehicle is detected from the image acquired by the calibrated camera based on computer vision and image recognition technology. The data error caused by the vehicle vibration can be reduced by the filter set up in this paper. Finally, the actual axle load of the vehicle can be obtained combined with the established…
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Analysis of Whole Body Vibration of a Two-Wheeler Rider

NIT Rourkela-Kashish Veda Eluri, Vadde Lokesh Reddy, Murugan Sivalingam, Balaji PS
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
Two-wheel motorcycles are preferred in many countries as they have some merits such as cheaper, easy to handle and give higher fuel economy compared to three and four-wheel vehicles. Majority of the population in India falls under low and middle-income groups. Two-wheelers cater to the needs of low and middle-income users, and fill the gaps when public transport systems are inefficient or not available. Most of the people in India use motorcycles for transportation. However, due to different road conditions, motorcycle rider experiences different health effects within a few years of their vehicle travel. This paper investigates the effect of vibration on a man commuter’s health. For this purpose, a mathematical model of a male rider’s body was considered, and a numerical analysis was carried out to assess the effect of vibration acting on the commuter during a two-wheeler ride under various road conditions for a chosen suspension system and presented in this paper. Road conditions were chosen based on the different surface roughness values. The most affected rider’s body part due to the vibration…
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available