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Usage of Telematics Data in Advance Powertrain Development

Honda Cars India Pvt Ltd.-Shubham Garg, Anurag Anurag, Mohit Singhal, Isao Chiba, Kouji Okayasu
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2438
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
To achieve accuracy in model development with large scale customer actual data in low cost and limited time usage of telematics system was adopted. Honda’s OBD II diagnostic connecting device Honda Connect was used as transceiver for this telematics system which was used as an accessory in Honda vehicles. Data collected with this device with large sample size and regional diversity across India was used in product development for Honda System. Control system development for BSVI vehicles, Idle start stop hardware specificaton selection and Battery electric vehicle target range study was done with Honda Connect Data.
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MASS OPTIMIZED HOOD DESIGN FOR CONFLICTING PERFORMANCES

General Motors Technical Center-Santosh Swamy, Gulshan Noorsumar, Shivakumar Chidanandappa
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2546
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
MASS OPTIMIZED HOOD DESIGN FOR CONFLICTING PERFORMANCES Santosh Swamy, Gulshan Noorsumar, Shivakumar Chidanandappa General Motors Technical Center, India Keywords Hood; Head Injury Criterion (HIC); Stiffness; Shape optimization; Multi-Disciplinary Optimization (MDO) Research and/or Engineering Questions/ Objective The objective of this work is to obtain a light weight hood which has least possible mass, and at the same time meets all contradicting performances of pedpro (pedestrian protection) and structural stiffness disciplines. Passenger vehicles have stringent safety norms from pedpro perspective to meet child and adult head injury criteria (HIC). These pedestrian safety requirements often conflict with structural stiffness performance criteria which pose a challenge for most automotive OEMs. Therefore, there is a growing need for mass optimization and performance balancing to meet both the requirements simultaneously. Methodology The outlined method uses a CAE based Multi-Disciplinary Optimization (MDO) approach involving shape variables to find an optimum design for stiffness and pedpro performances. Adding slots along the vertical beam walls of the hood inner panel helps soften the area around the head impact location, thereby improving pedpro performance locally.…
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Digital Twins for Prognostic Profiling

Altair Engineering India Pvt Ltd.-Painuri Thukaram, Sreeram Mohan
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2456
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Digital Twins for Prognostic Profiling Authors: Sreeram Mohan*, Painuri Thukaram**, Panduranga Rao*** Objective / Question: Ability to have least failures in products on the field with minimum effort from the manufacturers is a major area of focus driven by Industry 4.0 initiatives. Amidst traditional methods of performing system / subsystem level tests often does not enable the complete coverage of a machine health performance predictions. This paper highlights a workable workflow that could be used as a template while considering system design especially employing Digital Twins that help in mimicking real-life scenarios early in the design cycle to increase product’s reliability as well as tend to near zero defects. Methodology: With currently available disruptive technologies , systems are integrated multi-domain 'mechatronics' systems operating in closed-loop/close-interaction. This poses great challenges to system health monitoring as failure of any component can trigger catastrophic system failures. It may be the reason that component failures, as per some aerospace reports, are found to be major contributing factors to aircraft loss-of-control. Essentially, it is either too expensive or impossible to…
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Correlation of Noise Emitted by vehicle on an External Pass-By Noise Track and Indoor Anechoic Chamber

International Centre for Automotive Technology-Ikshit Shrivastava
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2425
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Ikshit Shrivastava1, Kiranpreet Singh2 1,2 International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT), Gurugram, India Introduction: Pass By Noise emitted by the vehicle is one of the most critical tests for certification is vehicle worldwide. There are a number of national and international regulations to define test procedure. Though the available tracks are constructed to meet the requirements of these test standards, but there are other external parameters viz. ambient temperature, barometric pressure, wind speed and its direction, affecting the measurements. These parameters are beyond the control of human and this contamination of test data results in longer test time to monitor atmospheric/ambient conditions and perform the test. Indoor pass-by noise testing is a comparatively new method of testing, which is yet to be evaluated for repeatability/correlation with conventional exterior pass-by noise testing. Objective: This paper aims to establish a correlation between exterior pass-by noise testing and indoor pass-by noise testing. This correlation will serve to establish a foundation for future developments in automobiles; and, evaluate the use of indoor pass-by noise testing as an acceptable alternative…
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Calculation of Drag Torque Losses by Component of a Transfer Case

Magna Powertrain of America, Inc.-Ricardo Rivera Rodriguez, Carlos Martinez
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-2605
To be published on 2019-10-22 by SAE International in United States
In recent decades, fuel economy has become a key indicator of an automaker corporate social responsibility and a market differentiation factor, and ultimately it is regulated by government agencies such as EPA through CO2 emissions compliance tests. The light pick-up truck and SUV production share has been increasing in the last few years, being 4-wheel drive capability one of the main features that customers seek. Within the 4-Wheel Drive system, the transfer case has a significant impact to both torque transfer efficiency and parasitic losses. The scope of this paper is to better understand the parasitic losses of a transfer case by the quantification of its individual drag losses by component. At product development phases, one measurement of interest is the system level spin loss which has a target value defined by the automakers, and contribution by component is often neglected if the system has the expected performance. This study summarizes the tests performed on a 2-speed chain driven transfer case, where as a first step, a baseline spin loss measurement was taken, then the…
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Systematic Work Flow for Fatigue Life Prediction of Automotive Components

Mahindra & Mahindra, Ltd.-Nitin Kumar Khanna, Baskar Anthonysamy, Krishna Shettipally, Manohar Kalal
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Fatigue life estimation of automotive components is a critical requirement for product design and development. Automotive companies are under tremendous pressure to launch new vehicles within short duration because of customer’s changing preferences. There is a necessity to have a comprehensive virtual simulation and robust validation process to evaluate durability of vehicle as per customer usage. Test track and field test are two of the most time-consuming activities, so there is a need of simulation process to substitute these requirements. This paper summarizes the overall process of Accelerated Durability Test with measured road loads. Based on category of vehicle, type road profiles and the customer usage pattern, the wheel forces, strains and acceleration are measured which is used to derive the equivalent duty cycles on proving ground. The wheel force transducers (WFT) are used to derive loads for fatigue life estimation. A full vehicle model is prepared in ADAMS CAR and validated through Physical testing. The loads on suspension hard points extracted from the validated MBD model. These loads at various hardpoint locations, are used…
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Development of Methodology to Determine Toe Geometry of any Vehicle at Its Early Design Stage for Optimum Tyre Life

Mahindra & Mahindra, Ltd.-Nitin Kumar Khanna, Karthik Senthi, Vignesh Natarajan
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Toe setting is one of the major wheel alignment parameters which directly effects handling of a vehicle. Correct toe setting ensures desired dynamic behavior of an automobile like straight line stability, cornering behavior, handling and tire durability. Incorrect setting of toe during design stage significantly deteriorates tire durability and leads to uneven tire wear. In the present scenario of automotive industry, toe setting is majorly an iterative or a trial and error process which is both time consuming and involves higher development cost as there may be instances where 2 to 3 sets of iterations are needed before specification is finalized for production. Therefore, determining optimum toe setting at an early stage of a product development will not only save significant development time but it will also benefit in reducing product validation time and cost. Through this paper an attempt has been made to develop a methodology for deciding toe setting for any vehicle as a first time right approach to cut down on conventional expensive & time consuming iterative approach. In this new methodology…
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New-generation Nissan Versa breaks for higher ground

Automotive Engineering: October 2019

Kami Buchholz
  • Magazine Article
  • 19AUTP10_14
Published 2019-10-01 by SAE International in United States

Subcompact cars hardly are spotlight-grabbers at the moment, but Nissan's nonetheless delivered up an all-new 2020 Versa that notches higher fuel economy, quicker acceleration, tighter S-curve poise and a quieter cabin compared to the outgoing Versa.

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WHAT WE'RE DRIVING

Automotive Engineering: October 2019

  • Magazine Article
  • 19AUTP10_07
Published 2019-10-01 by SAE International in United States

What first impresses about the GT is how easy it is to drive. Ingress is a little tricky over the wide sill, but once situated in the comfy driver's seat you use a strap to position the foot controls to your liking in a very cramped pedal box, and you have a few degrees of seatback angle to play with.

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Engineering the 2020 CHEVROLET CORVETTE

Automotive Engineering: September 2019

Don Sherman
  • Magazine Article
  • 19AUTP09_01
Published 2019-09-01 by SAE International in United States

The eighth-gen (C8) Corvette is a creative mix of novel and traditional technical solutions unleashed at a shockingly low base price.

Two days before the 50th anniversary of astronaut Neil Armstrong's leap for mankind and 10 years after General Motors emerged from bankruptcy, the camouflage was finally ripped from the eighth-generation (C8) 2020 Chevrolet Corvette. As widely anticipated, C8 now flaunts a mid-engine layout that ostensibly puts it on equal terms with the world's most venerated supercars.

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