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In-Vehicle Directional Audio Streaming

Aptiv Components India Pvt Ltd.-Anitha Loganathan, Vijayalakshmi kr
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2448
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
In-Vehicle Infotainment has evolved greatly over years from a simple tuner based radio with a small LED display to a complex system with highly intelligent interactive HMI which can mirror the smart phone. The full-fledged entertainment features like watching videos are restricted to only rear passengers. In drive mode, drivers are limited with access to only audio to avoid driver distraction. Rear passengers and drivers are classified into different audio zones. Each of the rear passengers are equipped with headsets so that audio merging with driver zone can be avoided. This leads to passenger discomfort, as many passengers would not prefer to hook up with headset all the time. Now the automotive world is envisioned to reach fully autonomous mode where there is no driver and every passenger is interested to listen to music/video of diverse interest. The audio zones in autonomous car need not be zonified or linear. Circular audio zone can also be a good choice for autonomous cars. There are situations in autonomous cars where passenger is asleep in vehicle and hence…
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Vision Based Surface Roughness Characterization of Flat Surfaces Machined with EDM

BSA Crescent Institute of Science & Technology-Mahashar Ali, Siddhi Jailani, Mangalnath Anandan, Vignesh Pavithran
Vellore Institute of Technology-Murugan Mariappan
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Surface roughness measurement is an important one in any manufacturing next to dimensions. In this investigation, a vision system and image processing tools were used to develop reliable surface roughness characterization technique for Electrical Discharge Machined surfaces. A CMOS camera with red LED light source were used for capturing images of EDMed surfaces. A separate signal vector generated for all the images from its image pixel intensity matrices. The mean, skewness and kurtosis were obtained from the signal vector. The mean, skewness and kurtosis of the images signal vector correlates very well with the stylus measured hybrid roughness parameters Rda and Rdq. Hence the technique may be preferred for online surface roughness characterization of Electrical Discharge Machined (EDMed) surfaces.
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How to Use Rotary Encoders to Quickly Convert Mechanical Rotation into Digital Signals

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35291
Published 2019-10-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

In the digital age, the measurement of rotation of a mechanical shaft on a motor or a rotating instrument knob needs to be done quickly and efficiently. Analog methods such as potentiometers and rotating switches are being replaced by rotary encoders that directly digitize rotary movement, but designers need to be able to appreciate the differences among various encoder types and accurately interpret their digital outputs.

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Photometric and Colorimetric Measurement Procedures for Airborne Electronic Flat Panel Displays

A-20A Crew Station Lighting
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP4260B
  • Current
Published 2019-09-17 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) contains methods used to measure the optical performance of airborne electronic flat panel display (FPD) systems. The methods described are specific to the direct view, liquid crystal matrix (x-y addressable) display technology used on aircraft flight decks. The focus of this document is on active matrix, liquid crystal displays (LCD). The majority of the procedures can be applied to other display technologies, however, it is cautioned that some techniques need to be tailored to different display technologies. The document covers monochrome and color LCD operation in the transmissive mode within the visual spectrum (the wavelength range of 380 to 780 nm). These procedures are adaptable to reflective and transflective displays paying special attention to the source illumination geometry. Photometric and colorimetric measurement procedures for airborne direct view CRT (cathode ray tube) displays are found in ARP1782. Optical measurement procedures for airborne head up displays (HUDs) can be found in ARP5287. Generally, the procedures describe manual single point measurements. The individual procedures may be readily incorporated into automated testing equipment…
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Flight Deck Lighting for Commercial Transport Aircraft

A-20A Crew Station Lighting
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP4103A
  • Current
Published 2019-09-17 by SAE International in United States
This document recommends design and performance criteria for aircraft lighting systems used to illuminate flight deck controls, luminous visual displays used for transfer of information, and flight deck background and instrument surfaces that form the flight deck visual environment. This document is for commercial transport aircraft except for applications requiring night vision compatibility.
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Organic Carbon-Nitride Semiconductor

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35128
Published 2019-09-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Some organic materials cannot be utilized similarly to silicon semiconductors in optoelectronics. Whether in solar cells, light-emitting diodes, or in transistors, what is important is the bandgap, i.e. the difference in energy level between electrons in the valence band (bound state) and the conduction band (mobile state). Charge carriers can be raised from the valence band into the conduction band by means of light or an electrical voltage. This is the principle behind how all electronic components operate. Bandgaps of one to two electron volts are ideal.

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Requirements for Plastic Encapsulated Discrete Semiconductors in Space Applications

CE-12 Solid State Devices
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AS6294/3
  • Current
Published 2019-08-07 by SAE International in United States
This document establishes the requirements for screening, qualification, and lot acceptance testing of Plastic Encapsulated Discrete Semiconductors (PEDS) for use in space application environments. The scope of this document is intended for standard silicon based technology only, but the process and methodology described within can be adopted for other technologies such as Silicon Carbide, Gallium Nitride, and Gallium Arsenide. However, when non-silicon based technology parts are being used, the device characterization shall be modified, and it is recommended to use available industry standards based upon published research/testing reports for those technology to address applicable physics of failure.
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Double-Sided Si(Ge)/Sapphire/III-Nitride Hybrid Structures

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34888
Published 2019-08-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

NASA Langley Research Center has developed a double-sided Si(Ge)/ Sapphire/III-Nitride hybrid structure. This technology uses both sides of a sapphire wafer to build device structures — on one side, making either Si or SiGe devices and on the other side, making III-Nitride device structures (e.g. GaN, InGaN, AlGaN).

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Communication Transceivers Qualification Requirements - LIN

Vehicle Architecture For Data Communications Standards
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2962/1_201907
  • Current
Published 2019-07-18 by SAE International in United States
This document covers the requirements for transceiver qualification. Requirements stated in this document will provide a minimum standard level of performance for the LIN transceiver block in the IC to which all compatible transceivers shall be designed. No other features in the IC are tested or qualified as part of this recommended practice. This will assure robust serial data communication among all connected devices regardless of supplier. The goal of SAE J2962-1 is to commonize approval processes of LIN transceivers across OEMs. The intended audience includes, but is not limited to, LIN transceiver suppliers, component release engineers, and vehicle system engineers.
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Communication Transceivers Qualification Requirements - CAN

Vehicle Architecture For Data Communications Standards
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2962/2_201907
  • Current
Published 2019-07-18 by SAE International in United States
This document covers the requirements for transceiver qualification. Requirements stated in this document will provide a minimum standard level of performance for the CAN transceiver in the IC to which all compatible transceivers shall be designed. No other features in the IC are tested or qualified as part of this recommended practice. This will assure robust serial data communication among all connected devices, regardless of supplier. The goal of SAE J2962-2 is to commonize approval processes of CAN transceivers across OEMs. The intended audience includes, but is not limited to, CAN transceiver suppliers, component release engineers, and vehicle system engineers.
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