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Vehicle Interior cleanliness tracker

Aptiv Components India Pvt Ltd-Anitha Loganathan
Aptiv Components India Pvt, Ltd.-Vijayalakshmi kr
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2466
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
The future of mobility is being driven towards fully autonomous driving. As a result, people spend majority of the time in vehicles for chores other than driving. The focus of automotive makers shifts towards providing best-in-class passenger comfort. One of the least focused area in passenger comfort is vehicle interior cleanliness which requires periodic human intervention. An intelligent vehicle can outsmart a human by self-caring to maintain the cleanliness elements on floor, seat and roof. This paper addresses subjects like wetness, dirt and stains in the vehicle interior utilizing the capability of Interior sensing platform. An internally mounted camera in the vehicle can capture images of the interior and apply image processing techniques to identify the subjects mentioned above. The wetness on the floor mats can lead to moldy odor, corrosion, failure of the electronic components in the car. Over a period, the vehicle upholstery or seats absorb the dirt and stains and lead to foul smell. HVAC can be used for drying the interior as appropriately detected by the system. A modern system to…

Squeak behavior of plastic interfaces

Auto & Truck Services-Lokesh Pancholi
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-0083
To be published on 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Automotive is getting advanced and increasingly comfortable with new technologies and demand from customers. Car cabins have become much quieter as compared yesteryears. Where the outside noise has gone down significantly, secondary and small noises like squeak and rattle have become more prominent. Squeak though a transient and short lived, is an unexpected noise and often considered as an irritant. There is an increasing need felt to eliminate squeak completely from the interiors of the vehicle where choice materials play dominant role. This article briefs about the work done on evaluating different plastic interfaces for squeak behavior using Stick-Slip method. Some plastic surfaces were even tested with other interfaces like leather and vinyl coated fabrics. Choice of plastic material and interfaces to be tested were shortlisted after studying many different vehicles and benchmarking. Difference in squeak was also studied with respect to external conditions like temperature, velocity of interfaces, normal force, humidity and roughness. The result of any test is measured in the form of Risk Priority Number (RPN) where higher the RPN higher is…

Analysis of a Coupling System of Aircraft Environmental Control and Fuel Tank Inerting Based on Membrane Separation

Beihang University-Weixing Yuan, Jiaqi Hou
CAPDI-Yan Zheng
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-1895
To be published on 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
This paper raises a coupling system of aircraft environmental control and fuel tank inerting based on membrane separation. The system applies a membrane dehumidifier to replace water vapor removal unit of heat regenerator, condenser and water separator, which is widely used in conventional aircraft environmental control system nowadays. Water vapor can travel across the membrane wall under its pressure difference without phase change, so the dehumidification process consumes no cooling capacity and the cooling capacity of the system increases. This paper first compares the thermodynamic properties of environmental control system based on membrane dehumidification and the environmental control system based on condensation. The results show that the membrane dehumidification system has bigger cooling capacity and lighter weight. For a given cooling capacity requirement of a certain aircraft, the membrane dehumidification system can use less bleed air since the temperature of the outlet air is lower. Nowadays, the fuel tanking inerting system also uses an air separation module to produce nitrogen enriched air based on membrane separation. After the air is dehumidified in membrane environmental control…

Real Driving Emissions Measurement of Brake Dust Particles

Technische Universitat Ilmenau-David Hesse, Klaus Augsburg
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-2138
To be published on 2019-09-15 by SAE International in United States
The measurement of brake dust particles is a complex challenge owing to its open system configuration; indeed, the emitted particles are directly spread into the environment. Measurements on the inertia brake dyno feature controllable and reproducible environmental and operational parameters. Although Real Driving Emission (RDE) measurements enable the detection of brake dust particles emitted in real driving conditions (i.e. traffic condition, driving style, air humidity, vehicle components’ wear and ageing, etc.), they are complex and not reproducible due to external, continuously changing parameters (e.g., flow conditions, changing traffic conditions, particulate matter from other sources). The motivation lies in developing a real driving emission sampling system for brake particle emissions, which meets the quality requirements of the measurements, as well as the prevention of particle losses and contamination, thereby supplementing and reviewing laboratory-based procedures. On the basis of knowledge from the computational fluid dynamics and experimental investigations, an advantageous concept of a sampling system for mobile application is presented. The chosen methodological approach shows that the transport efficiency and the uniformity of the number concentration depend…

Assessing Exhaust Toxicity with Biological Detector: Configuration of Portable Air-Liquid Interface Human Lung Cell Model Exposure System, Sampling Train and Test Conditions

Czech Technical University in Prague-Michal Vojtisek-Lom, Rajesh Rameswaran, Kalpita Kumar Praharaj
Czech University of Life Sciences-Martin Pechout, David Macoun
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-24-0050
To be published on 2019-09-09 by SAE International in United States
Air pollution remains to be one of the leading causes of premature death worldwide, with significant share attributed to particulate matter and reactive nitrogen compounds from mobile sources. Due to discrepancies between legislative metrics and health effects, and between laboratory tests and real driving, health-relevant metric applicable to real driving conditions are sought to evaluate the effects of emerging legislation, technologies and fuels. Models of human lung air-liquid interface have been recently explored to simulate effects of exposure to the whole exhaust. In this study, a compact exposure system, utilizing commercially available inserts with 3D in-vitro model of human lung cells, has been designed and fabricated in-house with the vision of mobile use, minimizing size and power consumption. Preliminary tests were done on a Euro 6 direct injection spark ignition engine operating at speeds and throttle positions corresponding to the WLTC cycle. A sample of diluted exhaust was taken from two systems offering dynamic variation of dilution ratio to account for variable exhaust flow: a proportional sampling gravimetric system and from a rotating disc diluter.…

Flammability of Polymeric Interior Materials - Horizontal Test Method

Textile and Flexible Plastics Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J369_201908
  • Current
Published 2019-08-08 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Standard pertains to automotive vehicles and off-road, self-propelled work machines used in construction, general purpose industrial, agriculture, forestry, and specialized mining machinery. This standard does not address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this document to establish safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Fire testing is inherently hazardous. Adequate safeguards for personnel and property shall be employed when conducting this test.
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Air Filter Element Test Method

HFTC6, Operator Accommodation
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J1533_201907
  • Current
Published 2019-07-03 by SAE International in United States
This SAE test method establishes a uniform test procedure for determining the gravimetric (mass based) efficiency and pressure drop performance levels of operator enclosure panel type filters on off-road, self-propelled work machines used in earth moving, and forestry, as defined in SAE J1116 and for agricultural equipment as defined in ANSI/ASAE S390, and equipped with an operator enclosure with a powered fresh air system. ISO/TS 11155-1 may additionally be used, which describes the use of particle sizing devices to measure the fractional (particle size) efficiency of panel type filters for automotive cabin filter applications. Automotive cabin filters are similar to filters described in this procedure, and the ISO/TS 11155-1 test method is therefore directly applicable.
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Humidity Measurement Devices for Mars Are Ready for Final Testing

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34744
Published 2019-07-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Vaisala Corp. Helsinki, Finland


Phase-Switching Liquids as Anti-Icing Materials

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34755
Published 2019-07-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Techniques to prevent frost and ice formation on surfaces rely heavily on heating or on liquid chemicals that need to be repeatedly reapplied because they easily wash away. Even advanced anti-icing materials have problems functioning under conditions of high humidity and subzero conditions.


Airborne Icing Tankers

AC-9C Aircraft Icing Technology Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP5904
  • Current
Published 2019-06-17 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) document establishes criteria and recommended practices for the use of airborne icing tankers to aid in design and certification of aircraft ice protection systems and components. Several icing tankers are described, along with their capabilities and suggested use. Sample data for these tanker spray systems are included, shown with 14 CFR Parts 25 and 29, Appendix C icing envelopes for continuous maximum and intermittent maximum icing conditions. (Note: In the remainder of this document, the phrase “Appendix C icing envelopes” will be used for brevity.) This ARP is intended as a guide toward standard practice and is subject to change to keep pace with experience and technical advances.
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