Your Selections

Show Only Newly Added Content My Access Full Text Content


Complimentary Content
Journal Articles Magazine Articles Open Access TBMG Articles Tech Insights White Papers

File Formats

2D/3D Parts Configurator (583) ePUB (85390) Excel (1) HTML (125388) PDF (145390) Zip (76)

Content Types

Technical Paper (100095) Aerospace Material Specification (15778) Aerospace Standard (12594) Ground Vehicle Standard (7970) Journal Article (6849) Magazine Issue (2072) Special Publication (SP) (1706) Magazine Feature Article (799) Magazine Article (431) Book (291) Progress In Technology (PT) (123) Journal (99) Handbook Supplement (HS) (21) Report (8) Index (4) White Paper (4) Paper (3) Standard (3) Solution Notes (2) Tech Insights (2)



Automotive (92092) Aerospace (50004) Commercial Vehicle (11282)


Power and Propulsion (52232) Engines (39484) Materials (35606) Design Engineering and Styling (34339) Vehicles and Performance (24971) Environment (22845) Tests and Testing (21995) Fuels and Energy Sources (19127) Manufacturing (18889) Metals (18210) Electrical, Electronics, and Avionics (17725) Parts and Components (17208) Parts (17009) Emissions (15596) Safety (14919) Materials properties (13843) Vehicles (12700) Diesel / Compression Ignition engines (12224) Simulation and modeling (11969) Chassis (10228) Alloys (10080) Metallurgy (9751) On-board energy sources (9356) Interiors, Cabins, and Cockpits (9226) Spark ignition engines (8816) Management and Product Development (8647) Noise, Vibration, and Harshness (8404) Exhaust emissions (8386) Analysis methodologies (8136) Simulation and Modeling (7834) Noise (7572) Maintenance and Aftermarket (7241) Ferrous metals (7159) Engine components (7093) Human Factors and Ergonomics (6947) Fuel systems (6915) Steel (6722) Bodies and Structures (6661) Engine mechanical components (6561) Electrical systems (6526) Engine Components (6428) Emissions control (6350) Data management (6188) Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems (HVAC) (5986) Polymers (5961) Alternative fuels (5534) Fluid power systems (5209) Computer simulation (5095) Electrical, Electronics and Avionics (5092) Historical reference (5038)


Reitz, Rolf D. (274) Johansson, Bengt (220) Guenther, Dennis A. (136) Johnson, John H. (130) Costlow, Terry (117) Assanis, Dennis N. (114) Brooke, Lindsay (113) Heywood, John B. (112) Zhao, Hua (112) Bryzik, Walter (104) Foster, David E. (101) Pischinger, Stefan (97) Viano, David C. (95) Heydinger, Gary J. (93) Rizzoni, Giorgio (86) Denbratt, Ingemar (81) Gautam, Mridul (78) Matthews, Ronald D. (76) Lai, Ming-Chia (75) Li, Liguang (75) Senda, Jiro (75) Zheng, Ming (75) Clark, Nigel (74) Gehm, Ryan (74) Naber, Jeffrey (73) Reed, Matthew P. (73) Ogawa, Hideyuki (72) Filipi, Zoran (70) Mavris, Dimitri N. (70) Fujimoto, Hajime (69) Vaglieco, Bianca Maria (69) Xu, Hongming (69) Cheng, Wai K. (68) Birch, Stuart (66) Boulouchos, Konstantinos (65) Nishida, Keiya (65) Ryan, Thomas W. (63) Dec, John E. (62) Smith, James E. (62) Tan, Gangfeng (62) Bae, Choongsik (60) Kumar, Naveen (60) Tunestal, Per (60) de Oliveira e Souza, Marcelo Lopes (59) Shoji, Hideo (59) Goto, Yuichi (58) Stobart, Richard (58) Collings, Nick (56) Deng, Weiwen (56) Goto, Shinichi (56)


SAE (148855) JSAE (87) CNR (53) IATO (4) NHTSA (3) ARAI (2) VDI (1)


Ford Motor Company (1775) Ford Motor Co. (1608) Southwest Research Institute (686) Toyota Motor Corp. (566) Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. (512) University of Michigan (485) Toyota Motor Corporation (466) General Motors Corp. (406) NASA Johnson Space Center (402) Honda R&D Co., Ltd. (398) Argonne National Laboratory (369) NASA Ames Research Center (364) General Motors Corporation (357) Chrysler Corp. (337) Massachusetts Institute of Technology (328) General Motors Company (319) Sandia National Laboratories (304) Oak Ridge National Laboratory (300) Wayne State University (283) Robert Bosch GmbH (273) University of Wisconsin-Madison (264) Hyundai Motor Company (257) The Boeing Company (245) Tongji University (245) Michigan Technological University (231) Chalmers University of Technology (229) Istituto Motori CNR (220) Politecnico di Torino (219) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (209) NASA Langley Research Center (201) Oakland University (190) Caterpillar Tractor Co. (187) The Ohio State University (186) DaimlerChrysler Corporation (185) Purdue University (174) Hyundai Motor Co. (172) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (167) General Motors (165) Visteon Corporation (165) Jilin University (163) Caterpillar Inc. (160) Delphi Automotive Systems (160) Research Laboratories, General Motors Corp. (159) The University of Michigan (159) Tsinghua University (152) University of Windsor (145) Michigan Technological Univ. (144) Politecnico di Milano (143) Wuhan University of Technology (143)


AMS F Corrosion Heat Resistant Alloys Committee (3769) AMS D Nonferrous Alloys Committee (3529) G-3, Aerospace Couplings, Fittings, Hose, Tubing Assemblies (3041) AMS E Carbon and Low Alloy Steels Committee (2456) E-25 General Standards for Aerospace and Propulsion Systems (2454) AMS P Polymeric Materials Committee (1615) AE-8C1 Connectors Committee (1402) AMS B Finishes Processes and Fluids Committee (1364) AMS G Titanium and Refractory Metals Committee (992) AMS CE Elastomers Committee (943) AE-8D Wire and Cable Committee (479) AE-8C2 Terminating Devices and Tooling Committee (419) AMS P17 Polymer Matrix Composites Committee (336) AMS G9 Aerospace Sealing Committee (239) SAE IC Powertrain Steering Committee (213) AMS J Aircraft Maintenance Chemicals and Materials Committee (206) Metals Technical Executive Steering Committee (206) AGE-3 Aircraft Ground Support Equipment Committee (190) AE-7A Generators and Controls Motors and Magnetic Devices (184) AMS K Non Destructive Methods and Processes Committee (179) ACBG Rolling Element Bearing Committee (178) Signaling and Marking Devices Stds Comm (160) Fasteners Committee (159) AC-9 Aircraft Environmental Systems Committee (157) Hydraulic Hose and Hose Fittings Committee (156) AGE-2 Air Cargo (154) Nadcap Management Council (153) Textile and Flexible Plastics Committee (153) ACBG Plain Bearing Committee (147) A-4 Aircraft Instruments Committee (145) MTC1, Loaders, Crawlers, Scrapers and Mounted Attachments (145) A-10 Aircraft Oxygen Equipment Committee (144) Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Standards (138) AMS G8 Aerospace Organic Coatings Committee (137) Cooling Systems Standards Committee (131) A-6C2 Seals Committee (126) Truck Bus Control and Communications Network Committee (122) S-9 Cabin Safety Provisions Committee (118) Hydraulic Tube Fittings Committee (117) Snowmobile Technical Committee (110) G-14 Americas Aerospace Quality Standards Committee (AAQSC) (109) Motorcycle Technical Steering Committee (102) A-5A Wheels, Brakes and Skid Controls Committee (100) Road Illumination Devices Standards Committee (100) Fuels and Lubricants TC 1 Engine Lubrication (97) Carbon and Alloy Steels Committee (93) Vehicle E E System Diagnostic Standards Committee (92) Materials, Processes and Parts Council (91) Truck and Bus Powertrain Steering Committee (90) AE-1 Engine Accessory Installations Committee (88)


International Congress & Exposition (8546) SAE International Congress and Exposition (5381) SAE World Congress & Exhibition (4723) International Conference On Environmental Systems (4581) Aerospace Technology Conference and Exposition (1776) International Fuels & Lubricants Meeting & Exposition (1708) WCX™ 17: SAE World Congress Experience (1506) SAE 2006 World Congress & Exhibition (1500) SAE 2016 World Congress and Exhibition (1496) SAE 2005 World Congress & Exhibition (1490) SAE 2014 World Congress & Exhibition (1474) SAE 2004 World Congress & Exhibition (1433) SAE 2015 World Congress & Exhibition (1404) SAE 2013 World Congress & Exhibition (1366) SAE 2011 World Congress & Exhibition (1255) SAE 2000 World Congress (1182) SAE 2012 World Congress & Exhibition (1171) SAE 2003 World Congress & Exhibition (1165) SAE 2002 World Congress & Exhibition (1152) SAE 2001 World Congress (1104) WCX World Congress Experience (1096) SAE 2010 World Congress & Exhibition (1092) International Off-Highway & Powerplant Congress & Exposition (1054) Passenger Car Meeting & Exposition (872) International Truck & Bus Meeting & Exposition (785) Small Engine Technology Conference & Exposition (777) Intersociety Conference on Environmental Systems (705) World Aviation Congress & Exposition (680) Future Transportation Technology Conference & Exposition (668) Mid-Year Meeting (546) Aerospace Congress and Exposition (535) International Body Engineering Conference & Exposition (507) 1980 Automotive Engineering Congress and Exposition (436) National Air Transportation Meeting (417) SAE Powertrain & Fluid Systems Conference & Exhibition (414) 1979 Automotive Engineering Congress and Exposition (413) 27th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference (1992) (408) SAE Noise and Vibration Conference and Exposition (405) National Business Aircraft Meeting and Engineering Display (393) 1978 Automotive Engineering Congress and Exposition (385) Power Systems Conference (381) 1977 International Automotive Engineering Congress and Exposition (377) International Powertrains, Fuels & Lubricants Meeting (357) National Aeronautic and Space Engineering and Manufacturing Meeting (353) Aerospace Atlantic Conference & Exposition (352) Powertrain & Fluid Systems Conference and Exhibition (333) Asia Pacific Automotive Engineering Conference (323) SAE International Truck and Bus Meeting and Exposition (321) Noise & Vibration Conference & Exposition (319) SAE 2014 International Powertrain, Fuels & Lubricants Meeting (316)


Automotive Engineering® (479) Aerospace & Defense™ Technology (208) Off-Highway Engineering® (190) MOBILITY ENGINEERING™ AUTOMOTIVE, AEROSPACE, OFF-HIGHWAY (112) MOMENTUM The Magazine for Student Members of SAE International® (82) Truck & Off-Highway Engineering™ (59) SAE Vehicle Electrification (36) MOBILITY ENGINEERING− AUTOMOTIVE, AEROSPACE, OFF-HIGHWAY (19) SAE Vehicle Electrification™ (8) Digital Aerospace Engineering,® (7) Mobility Engineering Automotive, Aerospace, Off-Highway (7) Digital Aerospace Engineering™ (6) SAE Hybrid Cars Blog by Brad Berman (6) Off-Highway Engineering™ (4) Digital Aerospace Engineering® (3) SAE Electronics + Connectivity™ (2) MOMENTUM, The Magazine for Student Members of SAE International® (1) SAE Powertrain & Energy™ (1)

SAE International Journal of Aerospace

  • Journal
  • V127-1EJ
Published 2018-06-22 by SAE International in United States
This is the electronic format of the Journal


  • Wichita State University - Sachin Patil
  • Journal Article
  • 2018-01-9750
Published 2018-06-22 by SAE International in United States
Crash simulation is targeted mainly carried out by the collision regulations FMVSS simulation to identify problems in vehicle structures. A modern car structure consist of several thousand weld-type connections, and failure in these connections plays an important role for the crashworthiness of the vehicle. Therefore accurate modeling of these connections is important for the automotive industry in order to improve Vehicle collision characteristics. In pursuit of this key requirement, we introduced a proper methodology for the development detailed weld model to study structural response of the weld when the applied load range is beyond the yield strength. Three-dimensional finite element (FE) models of spot welded joints are developed using the LS-Dyna FE code. In this process the force estimation model of spot welds is explained. The results from this paper shows good agreement between the simulations and the tests. Therefore, spot weld model obtained from this study should be considered for applications in crash analysis.

SAE International Journal of Transportation Safety

  • Journal
  • V127-9EJ
Published 2018-06-15 by SAE International in United States
This is the electronic format of the Journal

Evaluating How Functional Performance in Aerospace Components is Affected by Geometric Variation

  • Chalmers University of Technology - Anders Forslund, Julia Madrid, Rikard Söderberg, Ola Isaksson
  • GKN Aerospace - Johan Lööf
  • Show More
  • Journal Article
  • 2018-01-9000
Published 2018-05-11 by SAE International in United States
Geometric variation stemming from manufacturing can be a limiting factor for the quality and reliability of products. Therefore, manufacturing assessments are increasingly being performed during the early stages of product development. In the aerospace industry, products are complex engineering systems, the development of which require multidisciplinary expertise. In such contexts, there are significant barriers against assessing the effects of geometric variation on the functionality of products. To overcome these barriers, this paper introduces a new methodology consisting of a modelling approach linked to a multidisciplinary simulation environment. The modelling approach is based on the parametric point method, which allows point-scanned data to be transferred to parameterised CAD models. In a case study, the methodology is implemented in an industrial setting. The capability of the methodology is demonstrated through a few applications, in which the effects of geometric variation on the aerodynamic, thermal, and structural performance of a load-bearing turbofan component are analysed. The proposed methodology overcomes many of the current barriers, making it more feasible to assess the effects of geometric variation during the early…

Analysis of Single-Vehicle Accidents in Japan Involving Elderly Drivers

  • National Traffic Safety & Enviro Lab. - Kazumoto Morita, Michiaki Sekine
  • Journal Article
  • 2018-01-9752
Published 2018-05-11 by SAE International in United States
The Japanese population is aging rapidly, raising the number of traffic accidents involving elderly drivers. In Japan, single-vehicle accidents are a serious problem because they often result in fatalities. We analyzed these accidents by vehicle type, age group, and driving area, and found that many of them occurred when young or elderly people were driving light motor vehicles (K-type vehicles) in non-urban areas. We analyzed the characteristics of single-vehicle accidents. On the assumption that the number of rear-end collisions is a proxy for the traffic volume, we used the number of such collisions to control for driving frequency. It was found that in single-vehicle accidents, elderly drivers were at higher risk than other age groups, especially when driving K-type vehicles in non-urban areas. A possible explanation is the higher frequency with which the elderly drive K-type vehicles in areas where there are few other vehicles on the road.

Abdominal Injury Patterns in Frontal Crashes: Analysis of Front and Rear Seat Occupants using NASS/CDS and CIREN

  • Virginia Tech - Meghan K Howes
  • Journal Article
  • 2018-01-9751
Published 2018-05-11 by SAE International in United States
Field accident data from the National Automotive Sampling System/Crashworthiness Data System (NASS/CDS) and the Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network (CIREN) databases were used to identify the factors affecting abdominal injury type and incidence for front and rear seat occupants in frontal collisions. The NASS/CDS analysis was conducted to identify the nature and magnitude of abdominal injuries, while a separate CIREN analysis was conducted to investigate the mechanistic differences between types of abdominal organ injuries. Abdominal injury risk was found to increase with increasing occupant age in both the front and rear seating positions. Abdominal injury risk also increased with factors associated with more severe collisions including the number of crash events, extent of frontal crush, collision type, and crash speed. Seatbelt use reduced the overall risk of sustaining abdominal injuries, with unbelted occupants overrepresented in terms of abdominal injury risk in both the front and rear seats. Abdominal injury type was associated with occupant seating position and restraint use. For front seat occupants, the solid abdominal organs such as the liver and the spleen…

Investigation on Underhood Thermal Analysis of Truck Platooning

  • Argonne National Laboratory - Surya Narayana Prasa Vegendla, Tanju Sofu
  • Cummins, Inc. - Rohit Saha, Long-Kung Hwang, Mahesh Madurai Kumar
  • Journal Article
  • 2018-01-9175
Published 2018-04-13 by SAE International in United States
A 3D CFD underhood thermal simulations are performed in two different vehicle platooning configurations; (i) single-lane and (ii) two-lane traffic conditions. The vehicle platooning consists of two identical vehicles, i.e. leading and trailing vehicle. In this work, heat exchangers are modeled by two different heat rejection rate models. In the first model, a constant heat rejection rates are considered as similar to no-traffic vehicle condition. In the other model, a varied heat rejection rates are implemented by considering an aerodynamic influence on fuel consumption rates. In a constant heat rejection rate model, the trailing vehicle thermal performance is significantly dropped in single-lane traffic due to reduced oncoming cold mass air flow velocities from leading vehicle. Also, the similar observations are found in two-lane traffic but at higher vehicle separation distances. In a varied heat rejection rate model, significant drop in temperature raise is observed in both leading and trailing vehicles when compared to a constant heat rejection rate model in the single-lane and the two-lane traffic conditions. In leading and trailing vehicles, the varied heat…

Aerodynamic Analysis of Cooling Airflow for Different Front-End Designs of a Heavy-Duty Cab-over-Engine Truck

  • Chalmers University of Technology - Helena Martini
  • Volvo Group Trucks Technology - Peter Gullberg
  • Show More
  • Journal Article
  • 2018-01-9178
Published 2018-04-13 by SAE International in United States
This paper deals with the analysis of cooling airflow for two different front-end designs of a heavy truck. The first design is a cab-over-engine (COE) cab; the second is a Soft Nose (SN) cab, which in this case is basically an elongation of the grille area of the COE cab to obtain a smoother shape of the cab. The SN model used in this investigation was extended 200mm from the COE front. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) was used as the tool for examining the aerodynamic properties of the vehicle models. The configurations were evaluated both with inactive and active heat exchangers, in order to examine the effect of heating the air on the drag co-efficient and also to determine the cooling capacity of the different models. A sub- study was performed where different opening percentages of the grille area was investigated to determine the minimum percentage opening that would be needed to achieve a radiator Top Tank Temperature (TTT) value below a target limit of 100°C. The results show that there was potential for drag…

A novel ICE ON/OFF control strategy for hybrid electric bus based on route information

  • Shanghai Jiaotong University - Bin Yan
  • Journal Article
  • 2018-01-9075
Published 2018-04-13 by SAE International in United States
Abstract: ICE ON/OFF control strategy is critical for fuel economy in the hybrid electric vehicle (HEV). The fuel cumsumption cut off at ICE is at OFF state when the vehicle stops especially at vehicle jams. It significantly profits for more fuel saving. Motor-only drive mode is rarely used in real-time control because of the power system meet the uncertain driver demand. Battery state of charge (SOC) balance also affects ICE ON/OFF control decision. ICE ON/OFF state optimization is still a critical problem that is rarely effectively resolved. Minimum Principle was used in real-time control and has a global optimization in many papers. However, there is no paper to apply this algorithm in ICE ON/OFF control optimization. This paper introduces a novel control method using Minimum Principle to select an appropriate ICE state, which extracts rules from the optimal results applied to real-time control based on predicted route information. Experiments prove proposed route-based control significantly improves the fuel economy. Compare to the conventional control strategy, route- based control has 18.0% fuel cut, very close to DP-based…

Deicing Simulations for Windshields in Commercial Vehicle Applications

  • Navistar - Krystian J. Link
  • Northern Illinois University - Nicholas Pohlman
  • Journal Article
  • 2018-01-9176
Published 2018-04-13 by SAE International in United States
Windshield deicing performance is a key metric for HVAC system development and optimization within the sphere of commercial vehicle design. The primary physical properties that drive this metric are pressure drops in the HVAC ducting, flow rate of the air through the system, and the transient warm up curve of the HVAC unit. However, many design engineers also have to take underhood packaging into consideration while trying to optimize a new HVAC system design. This study leverages historical deicing simulation methodologies in conjunction with modern computational horsepower so as to optimize the HVAC ductwork in the studied commercial truck at the front end of the design process. By iterating on a design in the computational domain under steady-state and transient flow and thermal conditions, a robust HVAC system design can be created even prior to the prototyping stage of development. Furthermore, when the vehicle runs through an experimental regime, the design engineer has reasonable certainty of meeting their targets with respect to the HVAC system’s deicing performance. By completing steady state cold flow and transient…