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Thor, Mikael
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Parameterized Diesel Engine Combustion Modeling for Torque Based Combustion Property Estimation

Chalmers University of Technology-Mikael Thor, Bo Egardt, Tomas McKelvey, Ingemar Andersson
Published 2012-04-16 by SAE International in United States
Combustion model structures based on Vibe functions are outlined and investigated in this work. The focus of the study is the use of such model structures for estimation of diesel combustion properties by reconstructing in-cylinder pressure from measurements of crankshaft torque. Investigated combustion properties include the start and phasing of the combustion as well as maximum values of the in-cylinder pressure and its derivative. The accuracy associated with the proposed estimation method is evaluated using ideal torque data, i.e. torque calculated from in-cylinder pressure, that is generated using both simulations and experiments. The results indicate that the uncertainty associated with the estimation of a selected combustion property tends to increase if that property is located close to TDC, where the signal-to-noise ratio is low for a torque signal. The results also show that the ideal torque based estimation of combustion phasing and maximum in-cylinder pressure generally is very accurate while the estimation of start of combustion and the maximum in-cylinder pressure derivative suffers more from disturbances and model imperfections.
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Modeling, Identification, and Separation of Crankshaft Dynamics in a Light-Duty Diesel Engine

Chalmers University of Technology-Mikael Thor, Ingemar Andersson, Tomas McKelvey
Published 2009-06-15 by SAE International in United States
Mathematical models of a torque sensor equipped crankshaft in a light-duty diesel engine are identified, validated, and compared. The models are based on in-cylinder pressure and crankshaft torque data collected from a 5-cylinder common-rail diesel engine running at multiple operating points. The work is motivated by the need of a crankshaft model in a closed-loop combustion control system based on crankshaft torque measurements. In such a system a crankshaft model is used in order to separate the measured crankshaft torque into cylinder individual torque contributions. A method for this is described and used for IMEP estimation.Not surprisingly, the results indicate that higher order models are able to estimate crankshaft torque more accurately than lower order models, even if the differences are small. For IMEP estimation using the cylinder separation method however, these differences have large effects on accuracy. Here, the performance of higher order models is significantly better than for lower order models. Also, models of odd model order perform better than models of even model order. On average, a 9th order model estimates IMEP…
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Parameterized Diesel Engine Heat Release Modeling for Combustion Phasing Analysis

Chalmers University of Technology-Mikael Thor, Ingemar Andersson, Tomas McKelvey
Published 2009-04-20 by SAE International in United States
Different Vibe function model structures for parameterized diesel engine heat release models are investigated. The work is motivated by the need of such models when closed-loop combustion control is implemented based on torque domain combustion phasing analysis.Starting from the studied model structures, models are created by estimating the model parameters using a separable least squares approach. After this, the models are evaluated according to two different performance criteria. The first criterion rates the ability of the estimated models to describe reference mass fraction burned traces. The second criterion assesses how accurately the models estimate the reference combustion phasing measure.As expected, the analysis shows that the models based on the most flexible model structure achieve the best results, both regarding mass fraction burned estimation and combustion phasing estimation. However, even if the less complex models describe the mass fraction burned traces with lower accuracy, these models are able to estimate the combustion phasing measure surprisingly well.
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Evaluation of a Closed Loop Spark Advance Controller Based on a Torque Sensor

SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars - Electronic and Electrical Systems

Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden-Ingemar Andersson, Thomas McKelvey, Mikael Thor
  • Journal Article
  • 2008-01-0987
Published 2008-04-14 by SAE International in United States
A closed loop spark advance control system was evaluated on a Volvo V70 5-cylinder spark ignited engine. The system utilises a crankshaft mounted torque sensor for combustion monitoring which provides individual cylinder combustion phasing information and enables individual cylinder spark advance control. The spark advance control system can compensate for changes in combustion operating conditions and hence limit the need for calibration.The spark advance control system was used in a mode of cylinder balancing where the control target is to keep the combustion phasing in all cylinders at a defined setpoint. This control law was evaluated in vehicle tests in an emission test chamber, running pre-defined driving cycles FTP72 and Highway Fuel Economy Test. Analysis shows that the combustion phasing was kept close to the selected setpoint during both tests and, hence, robustness in that sense was demonstrated.The torque ratio concept is used for combustion phasing monitoring based on crankshaft torque measurements. Analysis of the 50% torque ratio as a measure for combustion phasing shows that it is equivalent to 50% burned mass fraction.
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