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Majewski, W. Addy
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Diesel Emissions and Their Control

DieselNet-W. Addy Majewski
Southwest Research Institute-Magdi K. Khair
  • Book
  • R-303
Published 2006-12-01 by SAE International in United States
This book will assist readers in meeting today's tough challenges of improving diesel engine emissions, diesel efficiency, and public perception of the diesel engine. It can be used as an introductory text, while at the same time providing practical information that will be useful for experienced readers. This comprehensive book is well illustrated with more than 560 figures and 80 tables. Each main section is broken down into chapters that offer more specific and extensive information on current issues, as well as answers to technical questions.
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Nitrogen Oxides Reactions in Diesel Oxidation Catalyst

Diesel Controls Ltd.-W. Addy Majewski
U.S. Bureau of Mines-Jeffrey L. Ambs, Kenneth Bickel
Published 1995-02-01 by SAE International in United States
Two catalyst formulations were tested on a diesel engine. A Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) analyzer was used to measure concentrations of nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2). Other exhaust gas components were measured by conventional analyzers.The results indicate that nitrogen oxides (NOx) undergo complex chemical reactions in the diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC). The increase of NO2 occurring at a certain temperature range is accompanied by a decrease of the total NOx emission. NO2 is probably an important itermediate product in the lean NOx catalyst reaction chain.
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Oxidation Catalyst Systems for Emission Control of LPG-Powered Forklift Trucks

Diesel Controls Ltd.-W. Addy Majewski, Edward P. Martin, Edward Pietrasz
Published 1994-10-01 by SAE International in United States
An oxidation catalyst was installed on an industrial LPG-powered forklift truck. For high conversion efficiency in an oxidation system on a rich burning engine a secondary air supply to the catalyst is necessary. Two simple and cost-effective ways of secondary air supply were tested: an air valve and a venturi type injector. The amount of secondary air supplied by both devices was measured under a variety of conditions - different engine speed, load and exhaust system pressure.Carbon monoxide emissions and the catalyst performance were measured and evaluated in terms of the secondary air flow.Advantages and drawbacks of the air valve and venturi injector systems are discussed and compared.
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Evaluation of a Catalyzed Ceramic Diesel Particulate Filter and Catalytic Converter on an Underground Mine Vehicle

Diesel Controls, Ltd.-W. Addy Majewski
U.S. Bureau of Mines-Kenneth Bickel
Published 1993-09-01 by SAE International in United States
The U.S. Bureau of Mines (USBM) and Diesel Controls Limited are evaluating a new diesel emission control system on an underground mine vehicle. The system is a catalyzed ceramic wall-flow diesel particulate filter (CDPF) combined with an oxidation catalytic converter (OCC). It is the first installation in the U.S. of a CDPF on a mining vehicle with a turbocharged engine at a high altitude mine, and the first installation of both a CDPF and an OCC on a mine vehicle.This paper describes the design and installation of the system on the load-haul-dump (LHD) vehicle. The results of screening tests conducted by the USBM are also given. The screening tests were conducted to determine if the device's particulate collection efficiency, regeneration temperature, and effect on gaseous hydrocarbon (HC) and carbon monoxide (CO) emissions changed over the period at was being used.The system was removed from the LHD and evaluated in the laboratory after operating for 308 and 1200 hours. After 308 hours of operation, laboratory testing revealed its particulate collection efficiency varied from 41.0 to 93.5…
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Diesel Particulate Filter with a Disposable Pleated Media Paper Element

Diesel Controls Ltd.-W. Addy Majewski, Edward P. Martin
Published 1993-03-01 by SAE International in United States
Experimental work was undertaken to examine the suitability of regular pleated intake-air filter elements for filtration of diesel particulate matter (DPM). The experiments were carried out using a small diesel powered generator set. The exhaust gas was cooled in a heat exchanger. The major investigated issues were the behaviour of the filter media at different temperatures and their filtration efficiency.The investigated, cellulose-based media have a relatively low temperature limit and can be exposed only to cooled exhaust gas. Therefore, the potential areas of application of that technology are vehicles with exhaust gas cooling systems, e.g. mining permissible vehicles. In many other confined space applications, however, where the DPM emissions become critical, the exhaust gas may be purposely cooled to allow for the application of the cellulose filters.
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Emissions and Their Control in Natural Gas Fueled Engines

Diesel Controls Ltd.-W. Addy Majewski
Southern California Gas CO.-Carol J. Bailey
Published 1992-10-01 by SAE International in United States
An experimental study was undertaken to investigate emissions of hydrocarbons, oxides of nitrogen, carbon monoxide, and methane hydrocarbons emitted by natural gas fueled engines and the extent of their conversion in catalysts. Two engines were used in the study: a four cylinder, 1.6 liter, spark ignition engine and a modified version of the same engine with only one of the cylinders operating at 0.4 liter capacity. Two-way and three-way catalysts were used to treat exhaust gases leaving the engine. Natural gas was supplied through gas carburetors operated at regulated pressures and supplying air-fuel ratios in the desired range.The results of the investigation showed that oxides of nitrogen could not be reduced in a three-way catalyst to the levels found in gasoline fueled engines when the operating air-fuel ratio was stoichiometric. This was believed to be due to lower levels of carbon monoxide emitted by natural gas fueled engines at stoichiometric condition relative to a gasoline fueled engine at the same equivalence ratio. This was further confirmed by injecting small quantities of carbon monoxide in engine…
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On-Vehicle Exhaust Gas Cooling in a Diesel Emissions Control System

Diesel Controls Limited-W. Addy Majewski, Edward Pietrasz
Published 1992-09-01 by SAE International in United States
A diesel emissions control system built and tested on an industrial forklift truck is described. The system utilizes a pleated media type diesel soot filter. The temperature limit of the filter material is well below the temperature of the exhaust gas. Therefore, cooling of the exhaust gas is necessary. A finned-tube heat exchanger is included in the system to cool the exhaust gas to the required level. The performance of the heat exchanger was investigated. The focus was on the fouling of heat transfer surface by soot and the corresponding decrease of the heat transfer rate. The fouling factor was found. Also, a design practice for finned-tube heat exchangers is presented and its applicability to small size mobile equipment is discussed.
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New Filtration Systems for the Control of Exhaust Emissions from Light-Duty Diesel Engines

Diesel Controls Ltd.-W. Addy Majewski, George Swiatek
Falconbridge Ltd.-Dennis Bordin
Published 1992-02-01 by SAE International in United States
The paper includes the design, installation and testing of two different diesel particulate filter systems for light-duty diesel engines. The systems were installed on mining vehicles at Kidd Creek Mine in Timmins, Ontario, Canada.The first system utilizes a newly developed pleated-media filtration element. The filter must be cleaned off-board or replaced with a new unit after a duty cycle.The second system applies a ceramic wall-flow monolith. The filter is catalyzed and self-regenerates during high temperature operation periods.Each system includes a diesel catalytic converter which diminishes both the gaseous emissions and the odour of diesel exhaust.Advantages and limitations of the applied technologies are compared in the paper. The results of the performance tests, both bench and harsh underground operations, are discussed.
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