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An alternate cost effective material for rocker arm used in heavy commercial vehicles

VE Commercial Vehicles Ltd-Kaarthic Kaundabalaraman, Suresh Kumar Kandreegula, Hemantkumar Rathi
VE Commercial Vehicles, Ltd.-Sonu Paroche
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2550
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Rocker arm in internal combustion engine is very important part which transfer the cam motion and force to the valve. In heavy commercial vehicles, the engine components are design for an infinite life (considerable higher than other components). Recently industries are working for light weight and optimized cost material. Hence it is required to have an optimized cost effective design of rocker arm without affecting its performance. A rocker arm should meet the stiffness and strength requirement. The objective of this study is to find out the alternate material for rocker arm which can provide the similar strength & stiffness as conventional rocker arm material. To achieve the performance and cost target, alternate material cast iron has been evaluated for rocker arm. Cast iron is lighter than the forged steel rocker arm, also it has a good frictional characteristic. Further bush is eliminated from the rocker arm assembly due to self-lubricant property of the cast iron rocker arm. This is significant reduce in cost of material and assembly procedure. A 2-d simulation and finite element…
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Design & Analysis of Bolt for Normal & Fracture Split Connecting Rod

VE Commercial Vehicles, Ltd.-Kaarthic Kaundabalaraman
Published 2017-01-10 by SAE International in United States
Proper suitability of bolt preload is a pre-requisite whenever we go for component design change. In this paper we have considered connecting rod bolt for our analysis, where-in the design pre-requisite was whether same tightening specification could be carried forward from normal to fracture split type. The present work focuses on comparison of bolt design parameters, inertia force, contact pressure & bearing pressure calculation. Bolt safety factor was used as a parameter to check for the preload suitability with respect to engine max permissible speed. A systematic approach, considering guidelines from available bolt standard and literature was used for carrying out related analysis. For improving the quality of judgment, FEA tools along with durability testing was carried out at ARAI. In addition to this for better bolt preload control “Angle tightening method” of required specification was proposed, with results validated through physical testing.
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Design Analysis & Parametric Optimization of Gerotor Oil Pump for Improving Volumetric Efficiency

VE Commercial Vehicles Ltd.-Anurag Kamal, Kaarthic Kaundabalaraman, Hemantkumar Rathi, Alok Muley
Published 2016-02-01 by SAE International in United States
This work is an effort to find the parallelism between the volumetric efficiency of a Gerotor, and its inherent design parameters: number of teeth, tooth profile, outer dimensions of diameter and thickness, and the input power (torque and speed). The preliminary relations are derived from the software simulation of a range of Gerotor models with varying aforementioned parameters. These results are augmented by a previously proposed method of theoretically estimating the displacement of a Gerotor. Then, these results are validated and revised by practical results from three different Gerotors with epitrochoidal and its conjugate profiles, which are used in automotive applications like engines and transmissions. These relations can be used for choosing parameters yielding the maximum efficiency in specific environments: the packaging space, the input available, and the output required. Finally, an attempt has been made to develop a theoretical formula of the efficiency of a Gerotor in light of the above parameters. According to these results, a prototype Gerotor is proposed and will be validated for its performance.
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