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Assessment of Numerical Cold Flow Testing of Gas Turbine Combustor through an Integrated Approach Using Rapid Prototyping and Water Tunnel

SRM Institute of Science and Technology-Sundararaj Senthilkumar
Indian Institute of Technology Madras-Ssheshan Pugazhendhi
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
In the present work, it is aimed at developing an integrated approach for combustor modeling involving rapid prototyping and water tunnel testing to assess the cold flow numerical simulations; the physical model will be subjected to cold flow visualization and parametric studies and CFD analysis to demonstrate its capability for undergoing rigorous cold flow testing. A straight through annular combustors is chosen for the present study because of it has low pressure drop, less weight and used widely in modern day aviation engines.Numerical Analysis has been performed using ANSYS-FLUENT. Three dimensional RANS equations are solved using k-ɛ model for the Reynolds numbers ranging from 0.64 x 105-1.5 x 105 based on the annulus diameter. Post processing the results is done in terms of jet penetration, formation of recirculation zone, effective mixing, flow split and pressure drop for different cases. Physical combustor models are fabricated using Rapid prototyping with Poly Lactic Acid material and approximated 2D combustor model is used for capturing important flow patterns using high speed camera in 2D water tunnel, and for pressure…
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Multi Characteristics Optimization of Treated Drill Tool in Drilling Operation Key Process Parameter Using TOPSIS and ANOVA Technique

SRM Institute of Science and Technology-Sundar Singh Sivam Sundarlingam Paramasivam, Aishik Banerjee, Avanti Kulkarni
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
To survive in the present global competitive world, the manufacturing sectors have been making use of various tools to achieve the high quality products at a comparatively cheaper price. Appropriate cutting set up must be used to further better the machinability of a work piece material. A longer life of the tools and equipment’s are important factors in any industry. Since the inception of the machine tool industry, cutting tool life and tool wear remain a subject of deep interest to study its failure and improvement. The present study finds out the optimum cutting results in drilling of AM60 magnesium alloy using different cryogenically treated cutting inserts. The Utility concept coupled with Taguchi with Multi response approach (TOPSIS) was employed. According to Analysis of variance (ANOVA) results, the feed was the major dominating factor followed by the cutting speed. This work deals with optimization approaches for the determination of the optimum process parameters by cryogenically treated drill HSS tools which minimizes surface roughness, torque, tool life, entry burr and tool cost, and maximizes material removal…
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Tensile and Fatigue Behavior of Shallow Cryogenically Treated EN19 Alloy Steel

SRM Institute of Science and Technology-Rajendran Raj
BSACIST-Loganathan Sekar, Tamil Arasan
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Tensile and axial fatigue tests were conducted on shallow cryogenically treated EN19 medium carbon alloy steel to investigate its mechanical behavior. The test samples were conventionally heat treated then oil quenched at room temperature. Followed by the samples were kept for shallow cryogenic treatment to -80°C for 8 hours using liquid nitrogen. Then the samples were tempered in a muffle furnace to relieve the induced residual stresses. Tensile and axial fatigue test were carried out on both treated and non-treated samples to measure its tensile strength and fatigue behavior respectively. Microscopic examination also had done to compare the effect of shallow cryogenic treatment on its microstructure. The results exposed that there is an increase in the tensile strength and reduction in fatigue life of shallow cryogenically treated samples over base metal and improved wear resistance.
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Electronic Travelling Kit for Navigation of Visually Challenged Individuals

SRM Institute of Science and Technology-Rajarajeswari Rathinam, Suchitra Dayalan, Harris Mathews
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Navigation of visually challenged persons is found tough, as they frequently do not get the essential details for escaping the perils and risk they come across when they want to reach a destination. Modernization of the world leads to the usage of technologically equipped devices to make compact and cost-effective setup. In order to help the visually impaired person to navigate securely swiftly an impediment identification system employing techno equipment such as Ultrasonic Sensors (US) and Universal Serial camera-based visual navigation system is proposed. The proposed framework identifies obstruction via the US and transmits audio signals as feedback to guide the individual about the location to be reached. Moreover, for capturing the location where the person has to move a universal serial bus (USB) webcam is employed. USB webcam is also deployed to distinguish between a human and an obstacle. In order to identify the persons well known to the visually challenged and also the presence of other human movements a face recognition system using image processing is adopted in the proposed system. The General…
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Winglet Design and Analysis for Cessna 152 - A Numerical Study

SRM Institute of Science and Technology-Vivek Saini, Nagarajan Sunil Bhargav, Yallur Mohiddinsha, Sundararaj Senthilkumar
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
During flight an emergent circulatory flow pattern named vortex is observed at wing tips producing induced drag. An approach to reduce this effect is by implementing winglets. Winglets are small wing-like lifting surfaces, fitted at the tip of some wings, usually with the objective of decreasing trailing vortex drag and thereby increasing the aerodynamic efficiency of the wing. The aim of the project is to design and analyze the effect of winglets for Cessna 152 by varying the cant angle and sweep angle. This model has been selected since it provides a good choice for Pilots first airplane. A baseline wing model was designed in CATIA V5, correspondingly wings with winglet models were designed with a fixed taper ratio of 0.2 and different cant and sweep angles. The lift to drag ratio is evaluated at different angles of attack by varying winglet design parameters. Different wing configurations with various Cant and Sweep angles were analyzed at sea level conditions using K-ω SST turbulent model in ANSYS FLUENT and best winglet with desired characteristics for optimum…
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Torsional Stiffness Analysis of a Tubular Space-frame Chassis

SRM Institute of Science and Technology-Venkata Naga Bhavani Prasad Sodisetty, Anurag Pandey, Devansh Balachandran Iyer, Navneet Kumar
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Torsional Stiffness is required in an automotive whenever there is a biased lateral load on the vehicle as it happens during a turn. A torsionally stiff chassis would provide better stability and uniform load transfer in an automobile. The current trends in research aim at increasing the torsional stiffness and optimizing mass for the same and thus increasing the stiffness to mass ratio. This is validated with the help of various FEA softwares . The different cases involved in real world scenario are simulated and then the stiffness is optimized accordingly. This FEA analysis is further validated using experimental analysis. An experimental jig is fabricated and setup for every condition. Static conditions are used for both FEA and experimental analysis. A list of error reducing measures has been put in place and unavoidable errors have been taken into account. The deviation of the experimental stiffness has been plotted along with the results in FEA and the possible reasons have been taken into account. The variations present in the fabricated chassis lead to the deviation from…
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Experimental Investigation on an EGR Based Diesel Engine Fueled with the Blend of Diesel and Plastic Oil and an Antioxidant Additive

SRM Institute of Science and Technology-Balaji Gnanasikamani, Suresh Kumar Kasinathan, Cheralathan Marimuthu
Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science-Sathish Kumar Rajamanickam
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Experimental investigations carried out in a diesel engine incorporated with Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), fuelled with the blend of diesel and plastic oil along with an antioxidant additive (p-Phenylenediamine) are presented in this paper. Plastic oil is produced from waste plastics through the process of pyrolysis which could be a potential substitute to fossil diesel in diesel engine applications. Production of plastic oil provides solution to the global twin problems of plastic waste management and energy crisis. Investigations have been carried out with the test fuel separately, test fuel with the additive, test fuel with incorporation of EGR in the engine and test fuel with additive and EGR incorporation. Test results revealed that blend of diesel and plastic oil exhibited performance and emissions at par with pure diesel, 18% reduction in NO emission through EGR incorporation as compared to without EGR and 15% reduction in NO through use of antioxidant additive. It is found that the combined effect of EGR incorporation in the engine and antioxidant additive to the test fuel is a drastic reduction…
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Corrosion and Corrosive Wear of Steel for Automotive Exhaust Application

SRM Institute of Science and Technology-Raj Rajendran
Crescent Institute of Science and Technology-Tiruvannamalai Rajendra Prasad Tamilarasan
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
In the current scenario, durable exhaust system design, development and manufacturing are mandatory for the vehicle to be competitive and challenging in the automotive market. Material selection for the exhaust system plays a major role due to the increased warranty requirements and regulatory compliances. The materials used in the automotive exhaust application are cast iron, stainless steel, mild steel. The materials of the exhaust systems should be heat resistant, wear and corrosion resistant. Stainless steel is the most commonly used material in the automotive exhaust system. Due to increasing cost of nickel and some other alloying elements, there is a need to replace the stainless steel with EN 8 steel. Recent trends are towards light weight concepts, cost reduction and better performance. In order to reduce the cost and to achieve better wear and corrosion resistance, the surface of the EN 8 steel is modified with coatings. This work focuses on the evaluation of corrosion and corrosive wear resistance of hard chrome plating (HCP), hot dip aluminized coatings (HDA), spray aluminized coatings (SA), electroless nickel…
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Design and Development of an Exhaust Muffler with Improved Transmission Loss for a Naturally Aspirated Diesel Engine

SRM Institute of Science and Technology-Sundararaj Senthilkumar
Prince Shri Venkateshwara Engg. College-Edison Rajasingh
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
In the last two decades, most of the advances in exhaust systems such as acoustic filters and mufflers had been developed to attenuate noise levels and emissions as per environment norms. The purpose of this research work is to design, analyze and test an exhaust muffler in order to determine the pressure drop and noise reduction in the exhaust system. Computational Fluid Dynamic simulations were performed using ANSYS Fluent 16.2. The muffler diameter and length were chosen where as perforations and baffles were also considered so as to have the maximum pressure drop and noise reduction. This study is aimed at investigating a reactive perforated muffler. Several designs were considered for maximum pressure drop and the best was finally selected for manufacturing. Experimental testing was carried out with the finalized muffler prototype. Further the validation was done on a muffler in which the inlet pressure was found lower than that of the simulated results but the experimental outlet pressure was found higher than the simulated results. The backpressure was found to be less due to…
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Improvement of Mechanical Properties, and Optimization of Process Parameters of AISI 1050 Spheriodized Annealed Steel by Ranking Algorithm

SRM Institute of Science and Technology-Durai Kumaran, Sundar Singh Sivam Sundarlingam Paramasivam, Krishnaswamy Saravanan, Raj Rajendran
Tishk International University-Ganesh Babu Loganathan
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
AISI 1050 is used in the production of landing gear, actuators and other aerospace components but their application is limited due to machinability of the material. In any metal cutting operation the features of tools, input work materials, machine parameter settings will influence the process efficiency and output quality characteristics. A significant improvement in process efficiency may be obtained by process parameter optimization that identifies and determines the regions of critical process control factors leading to desired outputs or responses with acceptable variations ensuring a lower cost of manufacturing. This experimental study elucidates the problems and machinability issues like failure of tools and accuracy are found while machining and less output in machining. In the present study of spherodizing heat treatment of AISI 1050 was investigated during the turning operation in CNC lathe, under the consideration of several turning process parameters. The microstructures of the as-received, and heated specimens were investigated by Optical Microscopy (OM). A correlation between various process parameters on the desired response namely surface finish, roundness Material Removal Rate (MRR), power consumption…
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