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Investigation of Combustion Robustness in Catalyst Heating Operation on a Spray Guided DISI Engine, Part II - Measurements of Spray Development, Combustion Imaging and Emissions
ISSN: 1946-3936, e-ISSN: 1946-3944
Published April 12, 2010 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Twiney, B., Stone, R., Chen, X., and Edmunds, G., "Investigation of Combustion Robustness in Catalyst Heating Operation on a Spray Guided DISI Engine, Part II - Measurements of Spray Development, Combustion Imaging and Emissions," SAE Int. J. Engines 3(1):426-439, 2010, https://doi.org/10.4271/2010-01-0603.
In-cylinder spray imaging by Mie scattering has been taken with frame rates up to 27,000 fps, along with high speed video photography of chemiluminescence and soot thermal radiation. Spectroscopic measurements have confirmed the presence of OH*, CH* and C2* emissions lines, and their magnitude relative compared to soot radiation. Filtering for CH* has been used with both the high speed video and a Photo-Multiplier Tube (PMT). The PMT signals have been found to correlate with the rate of heat release derived from in-cylinder pressure measurements. A high power photographic strobe has been used to illuminate the fuel spray. Images show that the fuel spray can strike the ground strap of the spark plug, break up, and a fuel cloud then drifts over and under the strap through the spark plug gap. Tests have conducted at two different spark plug orientations using a single spark strategy. The images show interaction of a fuel jet with the earth electrode, stretching of the arc, variable location for the start of combustion and significant cycle-by-cycle variations with the same operating point leading: to normal combustion, slow combustion and misfiring cycles. The high speed photography confirms that liquid droplets exist in the spark plug gap at the 10 o'clock spark plug orientation but not at the 2 o'clock spark plug orientation.