Impact of Hydrothermal and Chemical Aging on SCR Storage Characteristics and NO <italic><sub>x</sub></italic> Reduction Performance in an Ultra-Low NO <italic><sub>x</sub></italic> System

WCX SAE World Congress Experience
Authors Abstract
This work is a part of medium-duty Low NOx technology development project with a focus on evaluating a combination of engine and advanced aftertreatment for 0.02 g/bhp-hr NOx regulation proposed by CARB (California air resource board). In this project, a control oriented chemical kinetics model of SCR (Selective catalytic reduction) was used in the aftertreatment controller that is susceptible to performance degradation due to hydrothermal and chemical aging. This paper focuses on modeling the NOx conversion and NH3 storage characteristics using a controls oriented SCR plant model which is further used for a model-based urea dosing scheme. A set of steady state reactor tests were used to calibrate the SCR performance at degreened, hydrothermal only and hydrothermal + chemical aging conditions and also to determine inhibition factors related to aging. The resultant model is capable of simulating SCR performance deterioration such as a reduction in NOx conversion and NH3 storage. A non-linear aging profile was observed for Lo-SCR and downstream SCR showing a change in the NOx conversion in the aged system when compared to a degreened system. Upon chemical aging further deterioration of low temperature performance was observed. This aging phenomenon impacts the dosing control strategy of the system. The results on controller performance for a set of Heavy Duty Federal Test Protocol(FTP), Ramp Modal Cycle (RMC), and Low Load Cycle (LLC) are presented.
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Chundru, V., Desai, C., Kadam, V., Rengarajan, S. et al., "Impact of Hydrothermal and Chemical Aging on SCR Storage Characteristics and NO x Reduction Performance in an Ultra-Low NO x System," SAE Int. J. Adv. & Curr. Prac. in Mobility 5(6):2215-2228, 2023,
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Apr 11, 2023
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Journal Article