Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Combustion and Noise, Vibrations, and Harshness Emissions in a Drone Jet Engine Fueled with Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene

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Authors Abstract
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Emissions and effects of climate change have prompted study into fuels that reduce global dependence on traditional fuels. This study seeks to investigate engine performance, thermochemical properties, emissions, and perform NVH analysis of Jet-A and S8 using a single-stage turbojet engine at three engine speeds. Experimental Jet-A results were used to validate a CFX simulation of the engine. Engine performance was quantified using thermocouples, pressure sensors, tachometers, flow meters, and load cells fitted to the engine. Emissions results were collected using an MKS Multigas Emissions Analyzer that examined CO, CO₂, H₂O, NOx, and THC. NVH analysis was conducted using a multifield, free-field microphone, and triaxial accelerometer. This study found that Jet-A operates at higher temperatures and pressures than S8, and S8 requires higher fuel flow rates than Jet-A, leading to poorer efficiency and thrust. S8 produced stronger vibrations over 5 kHz compared to Jet-A. S8 showed a decrease in all measured emissions. The CFD model was validated, showing an increase in temperature, pressure, and gas velocity as speed increased. The swirl effect of combustion was examined, improving atomization. Emissions contours were validated by experimental results, showing increases in CO₂, H₂O, and NOx, and a decrease in CO as speed increases.
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.4271/01-17-01-0006
Pages
39
Citation
Soloiu, V., Mcafee, J., Ilie, M., Rowell, A. et al., "Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Combustion and Noise, Vibrations, and Harshness Emissions in a Drone Jet Engine Fueled with Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene," Aerospace 17(1):77-115, 2024, https://doi.org/10.4271/01-17-01-0006.
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Publisher
Published
Aug 14, 2023
Product Code
01-17-01-0006
Content Type
Journal Article
Language
English