Comparison of Tabulated and Complex Chemistry Approaches for Ammonia–Diesel Dual-Fuel Combustion Simulation

Authors Abstract
Using ammonia as a carbon-free fuel is a promising way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the maritime sector. Due to the challenging fuel properties, like high autoignition temperature, high latent heat of vaporization, and low laminar flame speeds, a dual-fuel combustion process is the most promising way to use ammonia as a fuel in medium-speed engines.
Currently, many experimental investigations regarding premixed and diffusive combustion are carried out. A numerical approach has been employed to simulate the complex dual-fuel combustion process to better understand the influences on the diffusive combustion of ammonia ignited by a diesel pilot. The simulation results are validated based on optical investigations conducted in a rapid compression–expansion machine (RCEM). The present work compares a tabulated chemistry simulation approach to complex chemistry-based simulations. The investigations evaluate the accuracy of both modeling approaches and point out the limitations and weaknesses of the tabulated chemistry approach. When using two fuels, the tabulated chemistry approach cannot reproduce misfiring events due to inherent model limitations. By adjusting the model parameters of the tabulated chemistry model, it is possible to reproduce experimental results accurately for a specific case. However, using the adjusted parameters for simulations with changed injection timing or interaction angle between the sprays shows that no predictive calculations are possible. The parameter set is only valid for a single operation point.
Further simulations show that the complex chemistry approach can capture the complex interaction between both directly injected fuels for different operation points. It correctly predicts the ignition as well as heat release. Therefore, the approach allows predictive combustion simulations. Furthermore, it reproduces the occurrence of misfiring in cases of unsuitable interaction of both sprays and injection timing.
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Krnac, D., Manickam, B., Holand, P., Pathak, U. et al., "Comparison of Tabulated and Complex Chemistry Approaches for Ammonia–Diesel Dual-Fuel Combustion Simulation,"
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Apr 18
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Journal Article