J1832_202302 Low-Pressure Gasoline Fuel Injector



Issuing Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice promotes uniformity in the evaluation tests and performance measurements that are conducted on fuel injectors used in low-pressure gasoline engine applications. The scope of this document is limited to electronically actuated fuel injection devices that are utilized in automotive gasoline port fuel injection systems where the fuel supply pressure is normally less than 1000 kPa. Detailed test procedures are provided for determining numerous PFI injector parameters, including, but not limited to, flow curves, leakage, electromechanical performance, fluid compatibility and corrosion susceptibility, durability, the effects of vibration and torsional deflection, thermal cycling effects, and noise. The standardized measurement procedures in this document are all bench tests. Characterization of the fuel spray from a low-pressure gasoline port fuel injector is quite important; however, these spray characterization tests are not addressed in this document, but are covered in a companion publication: SAE J2715.
Tests and references to types of low-pressure gasoline injectors that are no longer commonly used in modern production are not included in the main body of this document. Superseded systems such as throttle body injection (TBI), central port injection (CPI), pressure-drop ratio (PDR), bottom-feed injectors, and eight-ring patternation are examples of this older technology. Those fuel system components and diagnostic tests were extensively utilized in prior decades, but find little application in the industry today. The historical detailed measurement procedures that applied to the tests on these types of injectors have been removed from the main sections of the updated SAE J1832; however, the associated overall descriptions of these hardware items that were in previous versions of SAE J1832 have been retained in the appendix for archival purposes.
This SAE Recommended Practice will permit the automotive industry to evaluate, characterize, and compare the fuel injector hardware for port fuel injection systems. The use of standardized testing and evaluation procedures for fuel injectors is important to the worldwide automotive community. Standardized test procedures provide both injector manufacturers and end-users with a uniform testing procedure for each of the key injector performance parameters, instead of a specialized test protocol for each of many customers and applications. The use of these procedures for test configurations, testing methods, data reduction, and reporting that are contained in this SAE Recommended Practice will significantly enhance the ability of one test laboratory to accurately repeat and verify the results of another.
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SAE International Recommended Practice, Low-Pressure Gasoline Fuel Injector, SAE Standard J1832_202302, Revised February 2023, Issued November 1989, https://doi.org/10.4271/J1832_202302.
Additional Details
Feb 14, 2023
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Recommended Practice