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End-of-Life Vehicles in India-Regulatory Perspectives

International Centre for Automotive Technology-Vijayanta Ahuja, Shakti N Khanna
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2580
Published 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
This paper discusses the areas affected during and beyond the recycling of the End-of-Life Vehicle (ELV). While the scrap of the vehicle shall be crushed and re-utilised from scrap metal (ferrous and non-ferrous), this paper also discusses potential usage of the components for remanufacturing by the respective OEMs. It further discusses how non-metallic parts such as plastics may be recycled. A complete framework committed to such a comprehensive approach shall not only reduce the impact on the environment but will also provide a more affordable and responsible alternative to the industry. While doing that, the economic and environmental impact on the industry and the un-organised sector has to be considered whilst also ensuring that a model with shared responsibility is established to dispose/ recycle any such ELV responsibly. The paper in its true spirit aims at effectively implementing the 3 Rs - Reduce, Reuse and Recycle - Reduction of waste and virgin natural elements, Reuse of working and efficient spares for remanufacturing purposes and Recycling of the scrap material. Older vehicles, conforming to lenient emission…
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Aerospace Fluid Power - Waste Reduction Practices for Used Phosphate Ester Aviation Hydraulic Fluid

A-6C3 Fluids Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AIR5277B
  • Current
Published 2019-08-22 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) covers the generation of used phosphate ester aviation hydraulic fluid (AS1241) that is deemed waste because it does not meet in-service limits for use in aircraft. This document also lists the relevant United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) regulations on used hydraulic fluid that are in force at the time of this report's publication. Regulations of other countries as well as those for states and municipalities should be consulted prior to initiating any of the waste disposal recommendations listed here.
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3D Printable Sensors Disposed of Without Contaminating the Environment

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34592
Published 2019-06-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Simon Fraser University and Swiss researchers are developing an eco-friendly, 3D printable solution for producing wireless Internet-of-Things (IoT) sensors that can be used and disposed of without contaminating the environment.

Organic Compound Turns Toxic Waste into Harmless Byproducts

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34167
Published 2019-04-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Spinoff is NASA’s annual publication featuring successfully commercialized NASA technology. This commercialization has contributed to the development of products and services in the fields of health and medicine, consumer goods, transportation, public safety, computer technology, and environmental resources.

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Composite and Bonded Structure Technician/Specialist Training Document

AMS CACRC Commercial Aircraft Composite Repair Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AIR4938C
  • Current
Published 2018-09-19 by SAE International in United States
This document establishes the minimum curriculum requirements for training, practical assessments, and certifying composite structure repair personnel and metalbond repair personnel. It establishes criteria for the certification of personnel requiring appropriate knowledge of the technical principles underlying the composite structural repairs and/or metalbond they perform. Persons certified under this document may be eligible for licensing/certification/qualification by an appropriate authority, in addition to this industry accepted technician certification. Teaching levels have been assigned to the curriculum to define the knowledge, skills, and abilities graduates will need to make repairs to composite or metalbond structure. Minimum hours of instruction have been provided to ensure adequate coverage of all subject matter including lecture and laboratory. These minimums may be exceeded and may include an increase in the total number of training hours and/or increases in the teaching levels. Each curriculum is a subpart of this document. Part 1 is the General Composite Structure Bonded Repair curriculum, independent of the application. Part 2 is the Commercial Aircraft Composite Structure Bonded Repair curriculum. Part 3 is the Commercial Aircraft Composite…
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Selection of Optimum Blend of Waste Plastic Oil-Diesel Blends Adapting Combinatorial Mathematics Based Approach

MLR Institute of Technology-Bridjesh Pappula
Sri Krishna College of Engineering and Technology-Narayanan Kannaiyan Geetha
Published 2018-07-09 by SAE International in United States
In order to compensate energy demand while with replacement of fossil fuels at least to some extent, the development of alternative energy sources is evitable. Global warming and waste management policies have forced for the use of alternative fuels on engines. The production of fuel from plastic wastes will indeed tackle the environmental pollution problem of waste plastic management in the landfills. Plastics being derived from petrochemical source has higher amount of hydrocarbon which yield oil with high calorific value. Engine tests have been carried out using neat waste plastic oil and blends of waste plastic oil in proportions of 25%, 50%, and 75% with diesel as fuel. Combinatorial mathematics based approach has been adapted to choose the optimum blend for superior performance of the engine. Carbon hydrogen nitrogen sulphur analysis of waste plastic oil blends reveals that the amount of oxygen increases with increase in waste plastic oil percentage in blends. Results of combinatorial mathematics based approach and experimental tests showed that 25% of waste plastic oil with diesel is optimum blend.
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Show Preview Medinnovation Boston 2018

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-28916
Published 2018-05-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States


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Thermal Analysis and Experimental Investigations on the Effect of Thermal Barrier Coating on the Behavior of a Compression Ignition Engine Operated with Methyl Esters of Waste Cooking Oil

Hindustan Institute of Technology & Science-Sangeethkumar Elumalai, Jaikumar Mayakrishnan, Sasikumar Nandagopal, Selvakumar Raja, Sudip Mukherjee
Published 2018-04-03 by SAE International in United States
One of the globally challenging issues today is Waste Utilization. The excessive accumulation of waste has created an uncomfortable pressure on not, just the habitant but on the environment as well. As a small step forward in contributing towards minimizing waste disposal, this study attempts to address the problem raised due to the disposal of waste cooking oil. Researchers found that Waste Cooking Oil (WCO) has a very good potential as a fuel for compression ignition engine and was therefore selected for this study. In the first phase of the work, behaviour of the test engine was studied with neat WCO at different power outputs. As the first modification, neat WCO was converted in to its methyl ester and tested in the same engine. Next, combustion chamber parts like piston and cylinder head, inlet and exhaust valves were coated with Thermal Barrier Coating (TBC) and engine behaviour was studied. To make the study more interesting a thermal- stress analysis was done on the engine piston to examine the impact of coating on engine performance. Results…
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Technological Proposal for Reduction of Residual Lubricating Oil In Oil Filters Removed from Automotive Engines

Institutos LACTEC-Alessandro Kulitch, Renato de Arruda Penteado Neto
Universidade Positivo-Bruna de Monaco Lopes
Published 2017-11-07 by SAE International in United States
In this study, a prototype oil filter was developed as a replacement for the shielded filters currently used in automotive applications. The goal was to reduce the residual lubricating oil disposed with a used filter. This is considered a Class I, waste (dangerous), under NBR 10004. Current Brazilian legislation, including CONAMA Resolution No. 362 of 2005, prioritizes the collection and disposal of used lubricating oil, and requires all contaminated material to be recycled or, where current technology does not permit this, to be sent to industrial landfills certified to handle toxic waste. To quantify the volume of residual oil in a commercial shielded oil filter, an experiment was conducted using 120 samples of a standard model. These samples were weighed before and after use. Before developing our novel design, a survey was conducted of professionals from the automotive field, to identify the main opportunities for progress. On the basis of the useful suggestions provided, a digital model and later a prototype were developed. The prototype was tested in an Otto cycle engine for 20,000 km.…
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Volvo CE sees major efficiency gain from hybrid-electric wheel loader

SAE Truck & Off-Highway Engineering: October 2017

Jennifer Shuttleworth
  • Magazine Article
  • 17TOFHP10_12
Published 2017-10-01 by SAE International in United States

Volvo Construction Equipment partnered with Waste Management (WM), the California Energy Commission and CALSTART to put its LX1 prototype electric hybrid wheel loader to the test: field test, that is. The company showcased the LX1 at a media event in July at WM's Redwood Landfill in Novato, CA.

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