This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Thermal Analysis and Experimental Investigations on the Effect of Thermal Barrier Coating on the Behavior of a Compression Ignition Engine Operated with Methyl Esters of Waste Cooking Oil
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published April 03, 2018 by SAE International in United States
This content contains downloadable datasetsAnnotation ability available
One of the globally challenging issues today is Waste Utilization. The excessive accumulation of waste has created an uncomfortable pressure on not, just the habitant but on the environment as well. As a small step forward in contributing towards minimizing waste disposal, this study attempts to address the problem raised due to the disposal of waste cooking oil. Researchers found that Waste Cooking Oil (WCO) has a very good potential as a fuel for compression ignition engine and was therefore selected for this study. In the first phase of the work, behaviour of the test engine was studied with neat WCO at different power outputs. As the first modification, neat WCO was converted in to its methyl ester and tested in the same engine. Next, combustion chamber parts like piston and cylinder head, inlet and exhaust valves were coated with Thermal Barrier Coating (TBC) and engine behaviour was studied. To make the study more interesting a thermal- stress analysis was done on the engine piston to examine the impact of coating on engine performance. Results claimed that Brake Thermal Efficiency (BTE) of the engine operated with methyl esters of WCO showed marked improvement as compared to its neat form. However, the smoke emission was found to be still on the higher range with methyl ester of WCO. Engine results with thermal barrier coating reported improved BTE as compared to the earlier case. Interestingly, all the carbon based emissions were drastically reduced at the cost of increased oxides of nitrogen emissions. It was also found from the analysis that the surface temperature of the coated surface was higher than that of the uncoated surface. Thus, this work concludes that WCO in the form of its methyl ester can be used effectively in the compression ignition engine with a slight modification of the combustion chamber parts.
- Sangeethkumar Elumalai - Hindustan Institute of Technology & Science
- Jaikumar Mayakrishnan - Hindustan Institute of Technology & Science
- Sasikumar Nandagopal - Hindustan Institute of Technology & Science
- Selvakumar Raja - Hindustan Institute of Technology & Science
- Sudip Mukherjee - Hindustan Institute of Technology & Science
CitationElumalai, S., Mayakrishnan, J., Nandagopal, S., Raja, S. et al., "Thermal Analysis and Experimental Investigations on the Effect of Thermal Barrier Coating on the Behavior of a Compression Ignition Engine Operated with Methyl Esters of Waste Cooking Oil," SAE Technical Paper 2018-01-0663, 2018, https://doi.org/10.4271/2018-01-0663.
Data Sets - Support Documents
|[Unnamed Dataset 1]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 2]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 3]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 4]|
- Van Gerpen, J. , “Comparison of the engine performance and emissions characteristics of vegetable oil-based and animal fat- based biodiesel,” Rapport interne, Iowa State University, 1996.
- Selvam, D.J.P. and Vadivel, K. , “Performance and Emission Analysis of DI Diesel Engine Fuelled with Methyl Esters of Beef Tallow and Diesel Blends,” Procedia Engineering 38:342-358, 2012.
- Rao, K.S., Ramakrishna, A., and Sundara Siva Rao, B.S.K. , “Experimental Studies on the Characteristics of Diesel Engine with Chicken Fat Methyl Ester,” International Journal of Automotive Technology 29(1):1114-1122, 2013.
- Ajav, E.A., Singh, B., and Bhattacharya, T.K. , “Experimental Study of Some Performance Parameters of a Constant Speed Stationary Diesel Engine Using Ethanol-Diesel Blends as Fuel,” Biomass and Bioenergy 17(4):357-365, 1999.
- Xing-cai, L., Jian-Guang, Y., Wu-Gao, Z., and Zhen, H. , “Effect of Cetane Number Improver on Heat Release Rate and Emissions of High Speed Diesel Engine Fueled with Ethanol- Diesel Blend Fuel,” Fuel 83(14):2013-2020, 2004.
- Chowdary, R.P., Murali Krishna, M.V.S., Kishen Kumar Reddy, T., Sudheer Prem Kumar, B. et al. , “Comparative Studies on Exhaust Emissions of Waste Fried Vegetable Oil in Crude Form and Biodiesel of High Grade Semi Adiabatic Diesel Engine,” 2017.
- Bhasanutra, R. and Sutiponpeibun, S. , “Jatropha Curcas Oil as a Substitute for Diesel Engine Oil,” International Energy Journal 4(2), 2017.
- Patel, S. and Shrivastava, N. , “Use of Vegetable Oil as a Fuel in Diesel Engine-A Review,” . In: Biofuels and Bioenergy (BICE2016), 241. (Cham, Springer, 2017).
- Zaher, F.A.El Kinawy, O.S., ,Soliman, H.M., and Abdel-Razek, A.G. , “Alternative Fuels for Diesel Engines Using Highly Saturated and Highly Unsaturated Vegetable Oils,” 2017.
- Coughlin, B. and Hoxie, A. , “Combustion Characteristics of Ternary Fuel Blends: Pentanol, Butanol and Vegetable Oil,” Fuel 196:488-496, 2017.
- Rakopoulos, D.C., Rakopoulos, C.D., Giakoumis, E.G., Dimaratos, A.M. et al. , “Comparative Environmental Behavior of Bus Engine Operating on Blends of Diesel Fuel with Four Straight Vegetable Oils of Greek Origin: Sunflower, Cottonseed, Corn and Olive,” Fuel 90(11):3439-3446, 2011.
- Machacon, H.T.C., Matsumoto, Y., Ohkawara, C., Shiga, S. et al. , “The Effect of Coconut Oil and Diesel Fuel Blends on Diesel Engine Performance and Exhaust Emissions,” JSAE Review 22(3):349-355, 2001, doi:10.1016/S0389-4304(01)00111-4.
- Pugazhvadivu, M. and Sankaranarayanan, G. , “Experimental Studies on a Diesel Engine Using Mahua Oil as Fuel,” Indian Journal of Science and Technology 3(7):788-792, 2010.
- Sharma, D., Soni, S.L., and Mathur, J. , “Emission Reduction in a Direct Injection Diesel Engine Fueled by Neem-Diesel Blend,” Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects 31(6):500-508, 2009.
- Churchill, G.V., and Ananda Srinivasan, C. , “Experimental Investigations on Combustion and Emission Characteristics of Biodiesel Blends in CI Engine,” 2017.
- Prabu, S.S., Asokan, M.A., Roy, R., Francis, S. et al. , “Performance, Combustion and Emission Characteristics of Diesel Engine Fuelled with Waste Cooking Oil Bio-Diesel/Diesel Blends with Additives,” Energy 122:638-648, 2017.
- Can, Ö., Öztürk, E., and Serdar Yücesu, H. , “Combustion and Exhaust Emissions of Canola Biodiesel Blends in a Single Cylinder DI Diesel Engine,” Renewable Energy 109:73-82, 2017.
- Jain, N.L., Soni, S.L., Poonia, M.P., Sharma, D. et al. , “Performance and Emission Characteristics of Preheated and Blended Thumba Vegetable Oil in a Compression Ignition Engine,” Applied Thermal Engineering 113:970-979, 2017.
- Dhamodaran, G., Krishnan, R., Pochareddy, Y.K., Pyarelal, H.M. et al. , “A Comparative Study of Combustion, Emission, and Performance Characteristics of Rice-Bran-, Neem-, and Cottonseed-Oil Biodiesels with Varying Degree of Unsaturation,” Fuel 187:296-305, 2017.
- Guan, C., Cheung, C.S., Ning, Z., Wong, P.K. et al. , “Comparison on the Effect of Using Diesel Fuel and Waste Cooking Oil Biodiesel as Pilot Fuels on the Combustion, Performance and Emissions of a LPG-Fumigated Compression- Ignition Engine,” Applied Thermal Engineering 125:1260-1271, 2017.
- Nautiyal, P., Subramanian, K.A., and Dastidar, M.G. , “Experimental Investigation on Performance and Emission Characteristics of a Compression Ignition Engine Fueled with Biodiesel from Waste Tallow,” Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy 19(6):1667-1677, 2017.
- Ramalingam, S., Rajendran, S., and Ganesan, P. , “Performance Improvement and Exhaust Emissions Reduction in Biodiesel Operated Diesel Engine Through the Use of Operating Parameters and Catalytic Converter: A Review,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2017.
- Vellguth, G. , “Performance of Vegetable Oils and their Monoesters as Fuels for Diesel Engines,” International Energy Journal 7(1), 2017.
- Lamba, N., Modak, J.M., and Madras, G. , “Fatty Acid Methyl Esters Synthesis from Non-Edible Vegetable Oils Using Supercritical Methanol and Methyl Tert-Butyl Ether,” Energy Conversion and Management 138:77-83, 2017.
- Krishnan, A., Punnaivanam, M., and Koodalingam, S. , “Certain Investigation in a Compression Ignition Engine Using Rice Bran Methyl Ester Fuel Blends with Ethanol Additive,” Thermal Science, 21(1B):535-542, 2017.
- Pathak, M.J., and Acharya, G.D. , “Study of Jatropha Oil as Bio-Diesel, Its Characteristics, Advantages and Comparison with Diesel,” 2017.
- Masimalai, S., Mayakrishnan, J.K., and Ganesan, N. , “A Comprehensive Assessment on Combined Effect of Thermal Barrier Coating and Emulsification Techniques on Engine Behavior of a Mahua Oil Based Diesel Engine,” SAE Technical Paper 2017-01-0873 , 2017, doi:10.4271/2017-01-0873.
- Masimalai, S.K. and Mayakrishnan, J.K. , “A Comparative Study on Different Methods of Using Waste Cooking Oil as Fuel in a Compression Ignition Engine,” SAE Technical Paper 2017-01-0876 , 2017, doi:10.4271/2017-01-0876.
- Li, T., Zhang, X.-Q., Wang, B., Guo, T. et al. , “Characteristics of Non-Evaporating, Evaporating and Burning Sprays of Hydrous Ethanol Diesel Emulsified Fuels,” Fuel 191:251-265, 2017.
- Ayhan, V. and Tunca, S. , “Experimental Investigation on Using Emulsified Fuels with Different Biofuel Additives in a DI Diesel Engine for Performance and Emissions,” Applied Thermal Engineering, 2017.
- Kulkarni, P.S., Sharanappa, G., Ramesh, M.R., Banapurmath, N.R. et al. , “Experimental Investigations of a Low Heat Rejection (LHR) Engine Powered with Mahua Oil Methyl Ester (MOME) with Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR),” Biofuels 1-10, 2017.
- Senthil, R., Sivakumar, E., Silambarasan, R., and Mohan, G. , “Performance and Emission Characteristics of a Low Heat Rejection Engine Using Nerium Biodiesel and Its Blends,” International Journal of Ambient Energy 38(2):186-192, 2017.
- Vedharaj, S., Vallinayagam, R., Yang, W.M., Chou, S.K. et al. , “Experimental and Finite Element Analysis of a Coated Diesel Engine Fueled by Cashew Nut Shell Liquid Biodiesel,” Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 53:259-268, 2014 (1-67).
- Aydın, S. and Sayın, C. , “Impact of Thermal Barrier Coating Application on the Combustion, Performance and Emissions of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Waste Cooking Oil Biodiesel-Diesel Blends,” Fuel 136:334-340, 2014.
- Piramanandhan, M., Mohana Sundara Raju, N., and Venkatesan, R. , “Performance and Emission Characteristics of Multilayer Thermal Barrier Coated Di Diesel Engine Fuelled with Sunflower Bio Diesel,” International Journal of Applied Environmental Sciences 11(1):267-278, 2016.
- Cerit, M. and Coban, M. , “Temperature and Thermal Stress Analyses of a Ceramic-Coated Aluminum Alloy Piston Used in a Diesel Engine,” International Journal of Thermal Sciences 77:11-18, 2014.
- Abedin, M.J., Masjuki, H.H., Kalam, M.A., Sanjid, A. et al. , “Combustion, Performance, and Emission Characteristics of Low Heat Rejection Engine Operating on Various Biodiesels and Vegetable Oils,” Energy Conversion and Management 85:173-189, 2014.
- Senthil, R., Sivakumar, E., Silambarasan, R., and Pranesh, G. , “Performance and Emission Characteristics of Using Sea Lemon Biodiesel with Thermal Barrier Coating in a Direct-Injection Diesel Engine,” Biofuels 8(2):235-241, 2017.
- Shankar, S., Astagi, H.V., Hotti, S.R., Hebbal, O. et al. , “Effect of Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) on Performance, Emissions and Combustion Characteristics of a Low Heat Rejection (LHR) Diesel Engine Using Pongamia Biodiesel,” Journal of Thermal Engineering 2(6):1007-1016, 2016.
- Ramkumar, S. and Kirubakaran, V. , “Biodiesel from Vegetable Oil as Alternate Fuel for CI Engine and Feasibility Study of Thermal Cracking: A Critical Review,” Energy Conversion and Management 118:155-169, 2016.
- Prasath, B.R., Tamilporai, P., and Shabir, M.F. , “Analysis of Combustion, Performance and Emission Characteristics of Low Heat Rejection Engine Using Biodiesel,” International Journal of Thermal Sciences 49(12):2483-2490, 2010.
- Hazar, H., Ozturk, U., and Gul, H. , “Characterization and Effect of Using Peanut Seed Oil Methyl Ester as a Fuel in a Low Heat Rejection Diesel Engine,” Energy & Fuels 30(10):8425-8431, 2016.
- Suresh, G., Kamath, H.C., and Banapurmath, N.R. , “Studies on the Use of Low-Volatile Non-Edible Oils in a Thermal Barrier- Coated Diesel Engine,” International Journal of Sustainable Engineering 7(4):341-351, 2014.
- Aydin, H. , “Combined Effects of Thermal Barrier Coating and Blending with Diesel Fuel on Usability of Vegetable Oils in Diesel Engines,” Applied Thermal Engineering 51(1):623-629, 2013.