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Self-Sensing, Lightweight and High Modulus Carbon Nanotube Composites for Improved Efficiency and Safety of Electric Vehicles

NoPo Nanotechnologies India Pvt Ltd-Aparna Allannavar
NoPo Nanotechnologies India Pvt, Ltd.-Gadhadar Changalaraya Reddy
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2532
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Carbon Composites (CFRP) have been touted to be an essential component of future automobiles due to their mechanical properties and lightweight. CFRP has been adopted successfully for secondary and primary structures in Aerospace industry. In Automobiles, they are incorporated in models like the BMW i-series. CFRP suffers from 2 major problems. Delamination of Composites leads to catastrophic and rapid failure which could be dangerous in passenger vehicles. Delamination occurs whenever there is a shock on the composite. Secondly, Composites need regular expensive maintenance to ensure that the material is intact and will not compromise passenger safety. Carbon Nanotubes in composites have shown a substantial increase in delamination resistance. A 0.1wt% addition of HiPCO® Single-walled Carbon Nanotube provides both self-sensing and improved fracture resistance. Here we report results of our work with NoPo HiPCO® Nanotubes with small amounts of Iron. 6K Carbon fiber was used as the fiber reinforcement. NoPo HiPCO® Nanotubes were reinforced in the Epoxy system by sonication. HiPCO® Nanotubes were produced using standard parameters. The coupons of CENCE composite were made using VARTM…
 

Mechanical Property Evaluation of Paper Honeycomb reinforced Plastics

Hyundai Motor India Engineering PVT LTD-Vignesh balaji S G, Pradeep S, Aakash S K
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2538
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Mechanical Property Evaluation of Paper Honeycomb Reinforced Plastics Vignesh Balaji S G, Pradeep Hyundai Motor India Engineering Pvt. Ltd, Chennai. India Key Words: Paper Honeycomb, Epoxy Composites, Mechanical Properties, Tensile, Impact & Flexural Test Research and/or Engineering Questions/Objective : Composite Materials are widely being used in many engineering applications because of their desirable properties & Cost, Weight Effectiveness. They are widely being used as their Strength-Weight Ratio is Higher than any Other Material. Paper Honeycomb Material is basically a paper made of honeycomb shapes enforced between layers of Glass Mat. This paper deals with the evaluation of Tensile Strength, Flexural (Three-Point Bending) Strength & Flexural Modulus, Impact Strength of Paper Honeycomb Reinforced Epoxy Composites. The Scope of this Material defines the quality of Paper Honeycomb Reinforced Composites which can be used for Automotive Trim Parts. Methodology: Before beginning the tests, the specimens should be prepared and the steps for the preparation of paper honeycomb reinforced epoxy composites are shown below: 1. Mould Preparation 2. Mixing of Epoxy and Hardener with a ratio of 10:1 3.…
 

A new appraisal of the thermomechanical behaviour of a hybrid composite brake disc in a formula vehicle

FORCE MOTORS, Pune , India.-Pradeep C
Sri Krishna College of Engg & Tech-Soundararajan R, Sathish Kumar K, Shanthosh G
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2572
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
A new appraisal of the thermomechanical behaviour of a hybrid composite brake disc in a formula vehicle Research Objective This paper presents a hybrid composite brake disc with reduced Un Sprung Weight clearing thermal and structural analysis in a formula vehicle.Main purpose of this study is to analyse thermomechanical behaviour of composite brake disc for a formula vehicle under severe braking conditions. Methodology In the disk brake system, the disc is a major part of a device used for slowing or stopping the rotation of a wheel. Repetitive braking of the vehicle leads to heat generation during each braking condition. Based on the practical understanding the brake disc was remodelled with unique slotting patterns and grooves, using the selected aluminium alloy of (AA8081) with reinforcement particle of Silicon carbide (SiC) and Graphite (Gr) as a hybrid composite material for this proposed work. In First Phase of this Project work, By varying slotting pattern and groove angles the transient thermal and structural analysis using ANSYS workbench ,the hybrid composite disc plate of disk brake is done.The…
 

High rigidity and light weight bumper material development in India

Honda Cars India Limited-manu sharma
Pranav Vikas, Ltd.-Bharat Kumar Nuthi, Vijayaraghavan Somasundaram S, D. Govindaraj
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2553
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Vehicle weight reduction becomes important at the view point of fuel efficiency improvement and CO2 reduction in India also as well as developed countries. With this background, High tensile and Super high tensile steel application has become increasing. Similary, weight reduction of big plastic parts like bumper face is one of the most important items, so Honda has developed Thin-wall and light weight bumper face. In the development of light weight bumper, rigidity, impact strength and flowability which are main requirement are cotradictory property. It is necessary to develop new material to achieve this technical concern. Moreover, we verified part shape and thickness optimization to achieve part requirement. Established high property material and part manufacturing technology were applied for current CITY firstly, and it has been expanded to other models sequentially to contribute weight reduction for Honda vehicles. In this report, we report the analysis and verification result example of high rigidity and light weight bumper material development in India.
 

Employing natural plant based fiber in interior automotive parts for cost & weight benefit

Vivekanandhan-Vivekanandhan Venkatesan Balaguru
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2559
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
The Automotive industry is in ever more need for a lesser weight car due to progressively stringent emission norms and the demand of customer to have better mileage. It can be a gargantuan challenge for automotive manufacturers to search for lesser weight material to meet both customers as well as regulatory norms. But in some cases such lower weight material can increase the cost and adding a expensive material which increases overall cost to a price sensitive market like India is not favorable. One such solution is using the indigenous plant fiber (Jute) in combination with propylene (PP) to make Interior plastics components. Jute a vegetable fiber also referred to as "the golden fiber" has high tensile strength, low extensibility and is well established in fabric, packing, agriculture, construction industries. The biodegradable Jute lesser weight & abundance (India is the leading manufacturer of the Jute) can be utilized in making automobile trim parts in India. Through this paper we will have insight of the natural fiber based plastic components the benefits (lesser weight, Less GSM…
 

SIMULATION OF SOFTENING AND RUPTURE IN MULTILAYERED FUEL TANK MATERIAL

General Motors Technical Center India-Vijaya Kumar R L, Biswajit Tripathy, Jayaraj Radhakrishnan
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2557
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Research and/or Engineering Questions/Objective Plastic automotive fuel tanks made up of blow molded, multi-layered, high-density polyethylene (HDPE) material can take complex shapes with varying thickness. Accidental drop of fuel tank from a height during handling can lead to development of cracks. Damage can also occur due to an impact during a crash. This can be catastrophic due to flammability of the fuel. The objective of this work is to characterize and develop a failure model for the fuel tank material to simulate damage and enhance predictive capability of CAE for chassis and safety load cases. Methodology Different aspects were considered to develop a characterization and modelling strategy for the HDPE fuel tank. Material properties can be influenced by factors such as, service temperature, rate of deformation, state of stress etc. Hence, samples cut-out from different regions of the fuel tank were subjected to a variety of tests such as tensile test at different strain rates viz. 0.01/s, 0.1/s, 1/s, 10/s and 100/s, compression, shear, flexure and instrumented dart impact tests at different temperatures, -40°C, 23°C…
 
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Etch Inspection of High Strength Steel Parts

AMS B Finishes Processes and Fluids Committee
  • Aerospace Material Specification
  • AMS2649D
  • Current
Published 2019-07-15 by SAE International in United States
This specification establishes the requirements for etch inspection of steel parts to detect overheating (rehardening or overtempering) caused by abusive machining or grinding, or to detect localized discontinuous carburization.
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Plating, Gold

AMS B Finishes Processes and Fluids Committee
  • Aerospace Material Specification
  • AMS2422F
  • Current
Published 2019-07-15 by SAE International in United States
This specification covers the requirements for electrodeposited gold plate.
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Plating, Gold for Thermal Control

AMS B Finishes Processes and Fluids Committee
  • Aerospace Material Specification
  • AMS2425F
  • Current
Published 2019-07-15 by SAE International in United States
This specification covers the requirements for gold deposited on metal surfaces and the properties of the deposit.
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Heat Treatment of Low-Alloy Steel Parts, Minimum Tensile Strength 220 ksi (1517 MPa) and Higher

AMS E Carbon and Low Alloy Steels Committee
  • Aerospace Material Specification
  • AMS2759/2J
  • Current
Published 2019-07-15 by SAE International in United States

This specification, in conjunction with the general requirements for steel heat treatment covered in AMS2759, establishes the requirements for heat treatment of low-alloy steel parts to minimum ultimate tensile strengths of 220 ksi (1517 MPa) and higher. Parts are defined in AMS2759. The requirements for heat treatment of alloy Aermet100 are no longer part of this specification and can be found in AMS2759/3. Due to the limited hardenability of these materials, size limits have been added to this specification.