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Definition and Measurement of Torque Biasing Differentials

Drivetrain Standards Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2817_201908
  • Current
Published 2019-08-26 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Recommended Practice covers passive torque biasing axle and center differentials used in passenger car and light truck applications. Differentials are of the bevel gear, helical gear, and planetary types, although other configurations are possible.
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Wrenches, Twelve Spline, Metric

EG-1B Hand Tools Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • MA1547A
  • Current
Published 2019-05-10 by SAE International in United States
This standard covers the design, performance, and test requirements for high strength, thin wall, commercial sockets, universal sockets, and box wrenches used for the attachment and detachment of metric spline drive, high strength, and high temperature aircraft fasteners. Inclusion of dimensional data in this standard is not intended to imply that all of the products described herein are stock production sizes. Consumers are requested to consult with manufacturers concerning lists of stock production sizes. This standard is based on, but not limited to, the following external spline wrenching system:
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Study of Wrenching Engagement on AS870C Double Hexagon (12 Point) Fasteners

EG-1B Hand Tools Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AIR1936A
  • Current
Published 2019-05-10 by SAE International in United States
This study addresses the adequacy of sockets, wrenches, and torque adapters conforming to AS954 to wrench 12 point fasteners with wrenching configurations conforming to AS870C. Reported wrenching problems with smaller sizes are investigated through examining the combined tolerances on the fasteners and wrenches, conducting torque testing on typical high strength lock nuts. Possible solutions to correct these wrenching problems are presented.
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Wrench Configuration, 12 Spline Drive, Metric

EG-1B Hand Tools Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • MA1586A
  • Current
Published 2019-05-10 by SAE International in United States
No Abstract Available.
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Bolts, Screws, and Nuts - External Wrenching, Metric Threads - Design Parameters for

E-25 General Standards for Aerospace and Propulsion Systems
  • Aerospace Standard
  • MA1518C
  • Current
Published 2019-05-03 by SAE International in United States
To fully define the following requirements for bolts with spline and hexagon heads of strength class up to but not including 1250 MPa: a Head dimensions (see 3.1) b Shank dimensions (see 3.2) c Geometric control (see 3.3) d Surface texture (see 3.4) This document is based on one class of thread after all processing, including coating or plating, has been completed as follows: tolerance class 4h6h. For particulars of thread, see AS1370. For thread runout and lead threads, see AS3062. To fully define the following requirements for nuts with spline, plain hexagon and castellated configurations of strength class up to and including 1100 MPa: a Nut dimensions (see 4.1) b Geometric control (see 4.2) c Surface texture (see 4.3) For particulars of threads, see AS1370. This document is based on the following classes of internal threads after all processing, including coating or plating, has been completed: Tolerance class 4H6H for sizes up to and including 5 mm Tolerance class 4H5H for size 6 mm and larger For particulars of thread, see AS1370.
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Carburizing and Heat Treatment of Carburizing Grade Steel Parts

AMS B Finishes Processes and Fluids Committee
  • Aerospace Material Specification
  • AMS2759/7D
  • Current
Published 2019-04-15 by SAE International in United States
This specification, in conjunction with the general requirements for steel heat treatment covered in AMS2759, establishes the requirements and procedures for three classes of gas, vacuum, liquid, and low pressure (LPC) carburizing and related heat treatment of parts fabricated from carburizing grade steels. Parts made from steels other than those specified in the detail specifications may be heat treated in accordance with the applicable requirements using processing temperatures, times, and other parameters recommended by the material producer unless otherwise specified by the purchaser. This specification does not cover pack carburizing.
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Customer Oriented Vehicle Dynamics Assessment for Autonomous Driving in Highway

Centro Ricerche Fiat-Giovanni Gabiati
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles-Silvio Data
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
Autonomous Driving is one of the main subjects of academic research and one important trend in the automotive industry. With the advent of self-driving vehicles, the interest around trajectory planning raises, in particular when a customer-oriented analysis is performed, since more and more the carmakers will have to pay attention to the handling comfort.With that in mind, an experimental approach is proposed to assess the main characteristics of human driving and gain knowledge to enhance quality of autonomous vehicles. Focusing on overtaking maneuvers in a highway environment, four comfort indicators are proposed aiming to capture the key aspects of the chosen paths of a heterogeneous cohort.The analysis of the distribution of these indicators (peak to peak lateral acceleration, RMS lateral acceleration, Smoothness and Jerk) allowed the definition of a human drive profile. These characteristics were then transferred to the simulation environment to create a pseudo-natural trajectory planning strategy, via polynomial fitting and spline optimization. This strategy differs from the standard approach of trajectory planning, where absolute minimums of cost functions are pursued.The polynomial and spline…
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“Fitting Data”: A Case Study on Effective Driver Distraction State Classification

American Optimal Decisions, Inc.-Alexey Zrazhevsky
DENSO International America Inc.-Yu Zhang
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
The goal of this project was to investigate how to make driver distraction state classification more efficient by applying selected machine learning techniques to existing datasets. The data set used in this project included both overt driver behavior measures (e.g., lane keeping and headway measures) and indices of internal cognitive processes (e.g., driver situation awareness responses) collected under four distraction conditions, including no-distraction, visual-manual distraction only, cognitive distraction only, and dual distraction conditions. The baseline classification method that we employed was a support vector machine (SVM) to first identify driver states of visual-manual distraction and then to identify any cognitive-related distraction among the visual-manual distraction cases and other non-visual manual distraction cases. The new aspect of this research is optimization of the classification effort, which involved cardinality constraints on 16 overt driver behavior measures. A spline transformation was also implemented to achieve better classification performance. In addition to testing our optimization approach with the SVM, we also explored logistic regression. Results revealed the spline-transformed variables to produce a good “out-of-sample” performance for both the SVM…
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A Steerable Curvature Approach for Efficient Executable Path Planning for on-Road Autonomous Vehicle

Tongji University-Dequan Zeng, Zhuoping Yu, Lu Xiong, Junqiao Zhao, Peizhi Zhang, Zhiqiang Fu
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
A rapid path-planning algorithm that generates drivable paths for an autonomous vehicle operating in structural road is proposed in this paper. Cubic B-spline curve is adopted to generating smooth path for continuous curvature and, more, parametric basic points of the spline is adjusted to controlling the curvature extremum for kinematic constraints on vehicle. Other than previous approaches such as inverse kinematics, model-based prediction postprocess approach or closed-loop forward simulation, using the kinematics model in each iteration of path for smoothing and controlling curvature leading to time consumption increasing, our method characterized the vehicle curvature constraint by the minimum length of segment line, which synchronously realized constraint and smooth for generating path. And Differ from the path of robot escaping from a maze, the intelligent vehicle traveling on road in structured environments needs to meet the traffic rules. Therefore, the path could be simplified and segmented to four basic parts: go straight, lane change/merge, turn and U-turn. By given reasonable start and terminal, all the basic segments could be generated via parameterized cubic B-spline curve and…
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Propeller Shaft Torque Ratings

E-25 General Standards for Aerospace and Propulsion Systems
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP373C
  • Current
Published 2018-11-28 by SAE International in United States
No Abstract Available.
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