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Design & analysis of 2 point aluminum upper control arm in modular multi link rear suspension system

ZF India Pvt, Ltd.-MAYUR SHAMKANT KULKARNI
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2564
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
In current automobile market, due to the need of meeting future CO2 limits and emission standards, demand for hybrid systems is on the rise. In general, the requirements of modern automobile architecture demands modular chassis structure to develop vehicle variants using minimum platforms. The multi-link modular suspension system provides ideal solution to achieve these targets. To match ideal stiffness characteristics of system with minimum weight, aluminum links are proving a good alternative to conventional steel forged or stamped linkages. Design of current 2-point link (Upper Control Arm) is based on elasto-kinematic model developed using standard load cases from multi body dynamics. CAD system used is CATIA V5 to design upper control arm for rear suspension. This arm connects steering knuckle & rear sub frame. For Finite Element Analysis we used Hyperworks CAE tool to analyze design under all load cased & further optimization is done to resolve highly stressed zones. An optimized solution presented with a balance of ideal stiffness & strength. A CAD model developed with aluminum forged alloy (6082 - T6) is compared…
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A Mathematical Approach to Determine Die Wear during Forging Process and Validation by Experimental Technique

Dr P K Ajeet Babu-Ajeet Babu P K
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2563
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
The automotive industry is constantly trying to develop cost effective, high strength and lightweight components to meet the emission and safety norms while remaining competitive in the market. Forging process plays an important role to produce most of the structural components in a vehicle. Precision forging technology is used to produce components with little or no flash leading to elimination of machining process after forging. The load acting on the dies during net or near net forging is very high and leads to wear in the die. In order to have a good die it is important that die wear which is an inevitable phenomenon in a bulk metal forming processes is predicted mathematically. In this study a review on the vast number of studies done in the area of wear and various predictive models is carried out. The various models available for abrasive wear such as Archard, Felder-Montagut and IFUM model and for adhesive wear such as Holms model has been studied and implemented in commercial FE Code by developing FORTRAN subroutine and wear…
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Design and Analysis of Aluminium-Flyash Composite for Connecting Rod

Geethanjali College of Engg. and Tech.-Suresh Nuthalapati, Devaiah Malkapuram
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-0166
To be published on 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
In this modern era of rapid growth of technology and need of economical machining processes and materials, there is an increasing demand for new materials for different mechanical applications. Composites with fly ash as reinforcement are likely to overcome the cost barrier for wide spread applications in automotive and small engine applications. To improve wettability, elements such as Mg and Si are added into Al melt to incorporate the ceramic particles. The chemical composition and engineering properties of fly ash, its physical and chemical properties make it an ideal raw material for producing various application based composites. The main objective is to fabricate an Aluminium- Flyash composite material suitable for parts like engine connecting rod which demand high strength and temperature sustainability at comparatively less weight. The composite will be made using casting process and Engine connecting rod will be designed in AutoCAD software. The design will be analyzed with the help of Ansys with Aluminium and Aluminium- Flyash composite (at different compositions).
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Design and Analysis of Hybrid Metal Matrix Composite Connecting Rod via Stir/Squeeze Casting Route

Sri Krishna College of Engg. and Tech.-Soundararajan Ranganathan, Sathishkumar Kuppuraj, Karthik Soundarrajan, Ashokvarthanan Perumal
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-0113
To be published on 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
The connecting rod was manufactured by forging process for enhancing high tensile and compressive load so that it was followed by the machining process and suite the IC engine as a part of the component. The main intern of our proposed work is to manufacture a two set of composites specimen of A356 alloy with reinforcement of 5 wt.% silicon carbide and 10 wt.% flyash processed through two different techniques like stir casting and stir cum squeeze casting route and obtain better mechanical properties. Further, the same properties were taken for modeling and analysing of the developed connecting rod model. Due to the commercial demand, the hybrid composite materials take a vigorous role in the analysis part of the connecting rod model. The FEA analysis is done on the connecting rod for a180cc engine by using Ansys 18.1. The static analysis is done by considering four different cases by altering material library property. The output parameter such as total deformation, Von Mises stress, and maximum equivalent elastic strain are taken in each condition. The analysed…
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Optimization of Machining Process Parameters for Minimizing the Waste Stream Response through Multi-Objective Optimization

SRM Institute of Science and Technology-Sundar Singh Sivam Sundarlingam Paramasivam, Krishnaswamy Saravanan, Durai Kumaran, Raj Rajendran, Harish Sriram
Tishk International University-Ganesh Babu Loganathan
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-0062
To be published on 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
During the delivering of an item, any material created moreover to a definitive item will be named as waste. The waste produced in light of machining could be a notable conservation worry for creators. The shape and condition of waste streams created, and their transportation components divergence with the strategy utilized and also shift among the technique. The effect in view of each waste stream differs as well. This examination reports a machining strategy includes the procedure of material to give a completed or a semi-completed item. This is frequently done by misapplication tools, totaling, machines and distinctive data sources that are appropriate to the strategy. The procedures thought of for the point of this work includes machining of material manipulation devices to give parts and items. The yield of the technique incorporates the item and increase the waste streams. The waste streams will be in the form of Chips, Energy usage, and Worn cutting tools and Operating time. TOPSIS and ANOVA was acclimated gauge the chief essential Cutting speed, Feed rate, Depth of Cut…
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Taguchi Based Vikor Method for Optimization of Cutting Parameters for Improving the Efficiency in Machining Process by Considering the Effect of Tool Nose Radius

SRM Institute Of Science And Technology-Sundar Singh Sivam Sundarlingam Paramasivam, Durai Kumaran, Krishnaswamy Saravanan, Harish Sriram
Tishk International University-Ganesh Babu Loganathan
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-0138
To be published on 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
In order to take advantage of the machining characteristics of magnesium it is useful to consider recommended tool design and angles. The geometry of the tool can have a large influence on the machining process. Tool geometry can be used to aid with chip flow and clearance, reduce excessive heat generation, reduce tool build up, enable greater feed rates to be employed and improved tool life. This paper presents a new approach for the optimization of Machining parameters on face Milling of ZE41 with multiple responses based on Taughi orthogonal array with VIKOR. Machining tests are carried out 12 mm diameter of insert having 1 flute under dry condition. In this study, Machining parameters namely cutting speed, feed and Depth of Cut and Tool Node radius are optimized with the considerations of multi responses such as surface roughness, Material Removal rate, Tool Wear and Trust Force. A VIKOR grade is obtained from the VIKOR analysis. Based on the VIKOR grade, optimum levels of parameters have been identified and significant contribution of parameters is determined by…
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Orbital Forming of Automotive Wheel Bearings

Orbitform-Jake Sponsler
Published 2019-09-15 by SAE International in United States
Orbital forming is considered an optimal assembly process for many designs of automotive wheel bearing assemblies. More specifically, this process involves forming the spindle over the inner race of the wheel bearing to maximize surface area contact on the inner ring for retention, and to maintain bearing preload. The unique forming properties and precise controls allow orbital forming to produce an ideal finished retention feature and form for these types of bearings. This paper discusses the specific benefits of orbital forming of automotive wheel bearings. Forming basics, the physics behind the benefits of orbital forming, as well as pre-form lip geometry and other part design considerations are presented. Advanced machine control methodologies and historical machine process improvements are also reviewed concluding with next steps in process control and in-machine quality assurance.
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Superfinishing of HVOF Applied Tungsten Carbide Coatings

AMS B Finishes Processes and Fluids Committee
  • Aerospace Material Specification
  • AMS2452
  • Current
Published 2019-07-15 by SAE International in United States
This specification covers requirements for the superfinishing of High Velocity Oxygen/Fuel (HVOF) applied tungsten carbide thermal spray coatings.
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Machining Capabilities Enhance Space-Related Programs

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34736
Published 2019-07-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Insaco Quakertown, PA

Machining Titanium Aero-Frames

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34543
Published 2019-06-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

The rise of titanium for aerospace applications has been well documented in recent years. Equally, the challenges associated with the efficient, productive and high-quality machining of this popular material, have also been a topic of debate and scrutiny. Of course, every machine shop wants optimized performance from its cutters when milling titanium, but this can prove less than straightforward without the right technology and know-how in place. Today, however, thanks to a breakthrough in this area, things are beginning to change.