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Injury causation
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Automotive (176) Commercial Vehicle (5) Aerospace (2) Medical (1)

Topics

Injury causation (180) Injuries (125) Vehicle occupants (60) Crashes (51) Fatal injuries (49) Side impact crashes (31) Head injuries (30) Vehicle drivers (26) Frontal collisions (25) Airbag systems (21) Head (20) Safety belts (20) Impact tests (19) Accident reconstruction (18) Occupant protection (17) Restraint systems (16) Kinematics (15) Torso (15) Anthropometric test devices (14) Rollover accidents (14) Nervous system (13) Test procedures (13) Statistical analysis (12) Children (11) Neck (11) Roads and highways (11) Biomechanics (10) Child restraint systems (10) Crashworthiness (10) Pedestrian injuries (10) Research and development (10) Technical review (10) Body regions (9) Light trucks (8) Simulation and modeling (8) Accident types (7) Computer simulation (7) Leg (7) Assembling (6) Passenger compartments (6) Vehicle acceleration (6) Evacuation and escape (5) Injury classification (5) Reaction and response times (5) Trucks (5) Anthropometrics (4) Buses (4) Doors (4) Production (4) Safety regulations and standards (4)

Authors

Mackay, G. M. (5) Pike, Jeffrey A. (4) Stürtz, G. (4) Hill, J. (3) Huelke, D. F. (3) Langwieder, K. (3) Morris, A. P. (3) Nahum, Alan M. (3) Otte, D. (3) Parkin, S. (3) Willke, Donald T. (3) Alba, Juan Jose (2) Aldman, B. (2) Arbogast, Kristy B. (2) Behrens, S. (2) Davila, Arturo (2) Digges, Kennerly (2) Digges, Kennerly H. (2) Eppinger, R. (2) Got, C. (2) Gotzen, L. (2) Hill, J. R. (2) Kallieris, Dimitrios (2) King, Albert I. (2) Korn, M. W. (2) Locey, Caitlin M. (2) Maltese, Matthew R. (2) Monk, Michael W. (2) Morgan, Richard M. (2) Nagel, D. A. (2) Patel, A. (2) Ragland, Carl (2) Ranney, T. A. (2) Saul, Roger A. (2) Sherman, H. W. (2) Siegel, Arnold W. (2) States, J. D. (2) Stcherbatcheff, G. (2) Tarriere, C. (2) Thomas, P. (2) Thorson, J. (2) Viano, D. C. (2) Wolf, Robert A. (2) Abacus (1) Aldman, Bertil (1) Almeida, Eduardo L. (1) Anderson, Don (1) Anderson, Robert D. (1) Anselm, Dieter (1) Appel, H. (1)

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SAE (67) NHTSA (42) AAAM (30) IRCOBI (19) JSAE (9) STAPP (4) IAATM (2) ISATA (2) TBMG (2) I MECH E (1) IATO (1) VDI (1)

Affiliations

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (13) University of Birmingham (5) Biomechanics Consulting (4) Calspan Field Services, Inc. (3) Chalmers University of Technology (3) Consultant (3) General Motors Corp. (3) University of Michigan (3) Berlin Technische Universität (2) Birmingham Univ. (2) George Washington Univ. (2) Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (2) Loughborough University of Technology (2) Medizinische Hochschule (2) Peugeot-Renault Association (2) Raymond Poincare Hospital (2) Stanford Univ. (2) Swedish Foundation for Occupational Health and Safety for St (2) Takata (2) TNO-Automotive (2) Universidad de Zaragoza (2) University of Heidelberg (2) University of Miami (2) University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (2) University of Rochester (2) A. G. Belgium Ins Group (1) A. G. Belgium Ins. Group (1) A.G. Belgium Ins Group (1) Accident Research Centre, Monash University, Clayton Australia. (1) All India Institute of Medical Sciences (1) Allianz Center for Technology (1) Applied Safety Technologies Corporation (ASTC) (1) Auto Safety Design (1) Autoliv AB (1) Automobile Club of Southern California (1) Automobile Engrg. Dept., HUK-Verband, Federal Republic of Ge (1) Biodynamic Research Corp. (1) Biodynamics Engineering, Inc. (1) Biokinetics and Associates, Ltd. (1) Biomedical Science Dept. General Motors Research Laboratories (1) Birmingham Accident Research Centre (1) Bundesanstalt für Strassenwesen (1) Caispan Field Services, Inc. (1) Centre Européen d’Etudes de Sécurité et d’Analyse des Risques, France (1) Centro Zaragoza (1) CETE~Sud-Oest-Minsteres des Transports (1) Child Accident Prevention Foundation of Australia (1) Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (1) Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsy (1)

Committees

Dummy Testing and Equipment Committee (1)

Events

International Technical Conference on Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (30) American Association for Automotive Medicine, Annual Meeting (28) International IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impacts (19) International Technical Conference on Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (12) International Congress & Exposition (11) JSAE Spring Conference (6) SAE International Congress and Exposition (5) SAE World Congress & Exhibition (4) 15th Stapp Car Crash Conference (1971) (2) 41st Stapp Car Crash Conference (2) 52nd Stapp Car Crash Conference (2) Fifth Stapp Car Crash Conference (2) ISATA 1993 (2) JSAE Autumn Conference (2) Mid-Year Meeting (2) SAE 2002 World Congress & Exhibition (2) SAE 2005 World Congress & Exhibition (2) SAE 2006 World Congress & Exhibition (2) Stapp Car Crash Conference (2) 10th Stapp Car Crash Conference (1966) (1) 12th World Congress of the International Association for Accident and Traffic Medicine and 7th Nordic Congress on Traffic Medicine (1992) (1) 14th Stapp Car Crash Conference (1970) (1) 1967 Automotive Engineering Congress and Exposition (1) 19th Stapp Car Crash Conference (1975) (1) 20th FISITA Congress (1984), Vienna, Austria (1) 21st SAE Brasil International Congress and Exhibition (1) 21st Stapp Car Crash Conference (1) 22nd SAE Brasil International Congress and Display (1) 22nd Stapp Car Crash Conference (1) 24th FISITA Congress (1) 24th SAE Brasil International Congress and Display (1) 25th Stapp Car Crash Conference (1981) (1) 26th SAE BRASIL Inernational Congress and Display (1) 27th Stapp Car Crash Conference with IRCOBI and Child Injury and Restraint Conference with IRCOBI (1983) (1) 30th Stapp Car Crash Conference (1986) (1) 3rd International Pacific Conference on Automotive Engineering (1985) (1) 40th Stapp Car Crash Conference (1996) (1) 51st Stapp Car Crash Conference (1) 54th Stapp Car Crash Conference (1) Asia Pacific Automotive Engineering Conference (1) Digital Human Modeling For Design And Engineering Conference And Exposition (1) Digital Human Modeling for Design and Engineering Symposium (1) International Conference on Traffic Safety (1) Passenger Car Meeting & Exposition (1) Road Traffic Safety (1) SAE 2000 World Congress (1) SAE 2003 World Congress & Exhibition (1) SAE 2004 World Congress & Exhibition (1) SAE 2011 World Congress & Exhibition (1) SAE 2014 World Congress & Exhibition (1)

Synthetic Hydrogels Deliver Cells to Repair Intestinal Injuries

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-27975
Published 2017-12-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

By combining engineered polymeric materials known as hydrogels with complex intestinal tissue known as organoids— made from human pluripotent stem cells — researchers have taken an important step toward creating a new technology for controlling the growth of these organoids and using them for treating wounds in the gut that can be caused by disorders such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Brazil's Option to Join iGLAD - International Harmonized In-Depth Accident Data

  • Daimler-Jörg Bakker
  • IDIADA-Alejandro Longton, Nuria Parera, Joel Leitao
  • Show More
Published 2017-11-07 by SAE International in United States
A strong local initiative in Campinas - Brazil is studying how to be more effective in the improvement of road safety in order to align to other worldwide initiatives with similar goals. This paper describes the Brazilian initiative’s approach to the challenge of being aligned with iGLAD (Initiative for the Global Harmonization of Accident Data, starting as a project in 2011 and collecting data since 2007) on the delivery of its first set of accident cases from 2016. The Brazilian source of data started as a pilot project collecting local data with the aim of extending it within the next years to a larger region.In fact, a consistent method for the development of strategies and measures to prevent accidents and mitigate injury severity comes from accident database analysis. Although databases such as national statistics are available for many countries for assessing accident situations, examining trends, or carrying out similar analysis; the identification of accident and injury causation and the evaluation of countermeasures require a higher level of detail. Comparison with other regions or countries in…

SAE Instrumented Arm User’s Manual

  • Dummy Testing and Equipment Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2855_201710
  • Current
Published 2017-10-02 by SAE International in United States
This user’s manual covers the instrumented arm for the Hybrid III 5th Percentile Small Female dummy as well as the SID –IIs dummy. It is intended for technicians and engineers who have an interest in assessing arm injury from the use of frontal and side impact airbags. It covers the construction, disassembly and reassembly, available instrumentation, and segment masses.

Driver Restraint System Optimization for Vehicle Frontal Impact

  • General Motors Brazil-Anderson de Lima, Eduardo L. Almeida, Marco A. Gouvea
Published 2015-09-22 by SAE International in United States
In 2010, the UN General Assembly proclaimed the period 2011-2020 as the Decade of Action for Road Safety, with a goal to stabilize and then reduce the forecast level of road traffic fatalities around the world.Road traffic accidents are the 8th cause of death in Brazil, according to World Health Rankings. There are few studies around the world with respect to cost due to traffic accidents, however a study performed in 2011 estimates that were spent R$ 44.6 billion in Brazil. So, the recent Brazilian regulations updates have enforced the automakers to develop vehicles safer to passengers and pedestrians. These regulations focus on prevent, reduce or minimize the traumas and injuries caused by different types of vehicular accidents.The present work was developed to optimize the driver restraint system, while focusing on minimizing the trauma during a vehicle frontal impact. The driver restraint system was optimized considering the complex interaction between the ATD and the different components that assemble the restraint system, like airbag, safety belts with/without pre-tensioners, seatbelt load limiting devices and steering column stroke.The…

Under-Body Blast Mitigation: Stand-Alone Seat Safety Activation System

  • Paradigm Research and Engineering-Mehmet H. Uras
  • TARDEC-Sebastian Karwaczynski
Published 2014-04-01 by SAE International in United States
This work is based on a current project funded by the United States Army Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program and is being conducted with the Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center (TARDEC) Ground Systems Survivability (GSS) Team and Paradigm Research and Engineering. The focus of this project is to develop an advanced and novel sensing and activation strategy for Pyrotechnic Restraint Systems, Air Bags and other systems that may require activation. The overriding technical challenge is to activate these systems to effectively protect the Soldier during blast events in addition to Crash, Rollover and Other Injury Causing events. These activations of Pyrotechnic systems must occur in fractions of milliseconds as compared to typical automotive crashes. By investigating systems outside of typical accelerometer based applications and activations, the potential exists to exploit systems that require little power, are self-contained and provide the required output for the desired result. As such Constant-Flux Magnetostrictive Sensors shall be evaluated in a self-contained environment to provide the output during these events. By activating the Pyrotechnic Restraint Systems and…

Comparative Analysis of Side Impact Tests, Tendencies and Challenges for Brazilian Market

  • Volkswagen do Brasil-Gustavo Imbrizi Prado, Eduardo Alves Pereira, Rogério Madrid Lacerda
Published 2013-10-07 by SAE International in United States
A considerable number of victims in the traffic are originated by some kind of side collisions. Around 30% of the fatalities occur due to these kinds of accidents [1][2].Due to this fact, the development of the occupant protection for this kind of load cases becomes indispensable. For this, different kinds of crash tests were and are being developed around the world according to the characteristics inherent of each market. Barrier weight, impact angle, barrier type (pole or movable deformable barrier) and dummy types are some of the variations observed.The severity of injuries caused by side crashes is very high as the occupant is very close to the impacting object and the crush space is almost nothing when compared to frontal impact. To decrease these injuries the following features of the vehicle must be developed: structure (high strength materials, reinforcements, etc), restraint system (side airbags, curtain airbags, pre-tensioners, seats, etc), design and package (distances between occupant and interior parts, flat surfaces, etc), high speed sensing systems (accelerometers, pressure sensors, etc).This paper will present a comparative analysis…

SAE International Journal of Transportation Safety

  • Journal
  • V122-9EJ
Published 2013-07-01 by SAE International in United States

This is the electronic format of the Journal.

A Study on the Quality Assurance for Stable Performance of Passenger Side Airbag

  • Hyundai & Kia Corp.-Hyun Kim
Published 2013-03-25 by SAE International in United States
The FMVSS 208 advanced air bag rule has brought new technologies into the automotive industry. Low Risk Deployment, Suppression, or a combination of both, have prevailed in the industry to meet the right front passenger requirements for FMVSS 208 compliance. This rule provides the options to conduct low risk deployment (LRD) airbag tests with a 12-months-old infant dummy riding in a rear facing child seat and child dummies representing 3 years and 6 years old children. If the LRD tests do not meet the injury criteria set by NHTSA, vehicle manufacturers have to choose the another option for the suppressing airbag system when infants or children are present at the passenger seat. But this suppressing systems is not the cost effective method, also, contains potential quality problem such as misrecognition passenger age. Thus, the car makers start to choose LRD requirement option and develop new LRD passenger airbag system. A low risk deployment passenger airbag system has been developed to reduce the risk of injuries caused by airbag inflation to small size occupants and improve…

SMART RRS: Project Results

  • Idiada Automotive Technology-Arturo Davila, Rene Molina
  • Universidad de Zaragoza-Juan Jose Alba
Published 2012-10-02 by SAE International in United States
SMART RRS is an FP7 SST 2007 RTD1 European collaborative project funded by the EC with the participation of 10 institutions from 5 countries. The project aims to develop a new smart road restraint system that will reduce the number of deaths and injuries caused in road traffic accidents by integrating primary and tertiary sensor systems in it, providing greater protection to all road users, warning motorists and emergency services of danger for prevention purposes and alerting emergency teams of accidents as they happen to minimize response time to the exact location of the incident. This new smart restraint system will: Reduce the number of accidents through better information on the actual state of the road and traffic flow (climatic conditions, traffic flow, obstructions, hazards, accidents).Eliminate dangerous profiles from road restraint systems (crash barriers) that currently endanger vulnerable road users.Optimize road safety by providing exact information of where and when accidents happen in real-time.The project obtained interesting results from an in-depth review of motorcycle accidents, which shows that some of the most aggressive elements for…

Analysis of the Situation of a Vulnerable Road User in a Collision and Study of the Evaluation Technology

  • Yoshikatsu Kisanuki, Hidekazu Nishigaki, Hiroyuki Takahashi, Hiromi Hikichi
  • Technical Paper
  • 2011-08-0592
Published 2011-10-12 by Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan in Japan
When pedestrians or bicyclists collide with a vehicle, the behavior of the whole body is complicated. For this reason, the dummies used for research into injuries caused by collisions are required to mimic the human body faithfully, in terms of how they behave in the event of a collision, in all orientations.By making the spinal column of the dummy flexible, the degree to which the dummy mimics the body of an actual pedestrian up to that point where his or her head hits the vehicle or the road surface has been improved.