The SAE MOBILUS platform will continue to be accessible and populated with high quality technical content during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. x

Your Selections

Human machine interface (HMI)
Show Only

Collections

File Formats

Content Types

Dates

Sectors

Topics

Authors

Publishers

Affiliations

Committees

Events

Magazine

   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Perceptions of Two Unique Lane Centering Systems: An FOT Interview Analysis

Massachusetts Institute of Technology-Steven Landry, Bobbie Seppelt, Luca Russo, Bruce Mehler, Pnina Gershon, Bryan Reimer
Touchstone Evaluations Inc-Linda Angell
  • Technical Paper
  • 2020-01-0108
To be published on 2020-04-14 by SAE International in United States
The goal of this interview analysis was to explore and document the perceptions of two unique lane centering systems (S90’s Pilot Assist and CT6’s Super Cruise). Both systems offer a similar type of functionality (adaptive cruise control and lane centering), but have significantly different design philosophies and HMI (Human-Machine Interface) implementations. Twenty-four drivers drove one of the two vehicle models for a month as part of a field operational test (FOT) study. Upon vehicle return, drivers took part in a 60-minute semi-structured interview covering their perceptions of the vehicle’s various advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS). Transcripts of the interviews were coded by two researchers, who tagged each statement with relevant system and perception code labels. For analysis, the perception codes were grouped into larger thematic bins of safety, comfort, driver attention, and system performance. Perceptions of adaptive cruise control (ACC) were similar across vehicles. Almost all participants mentioned benefits of comfort and safety associated with ACC use. Participants cited different benefits between the two vehicle’s implementations of lane centering. A majority of participants (75%) described comfort…
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Lookie Here! Designing Directional User Indicators Across Displays in Conditional Autonomous Vehicles

Georgia Institute of Technology-Wei Wang, Hongnan Lin
Harman Connected Services-Pranav Nair
  • Technical Paper
  • 2020-01-1201
To be published on 2020-04-14 by SAE International in United States
Based on the SAE’s classification (J3016), drivers’ attention will be gradually released from the driving task as the level of automation in the vehicle increases. It allows drivers to complete more non-driving related tasks in information and entertainment system. The trigger point for the major transition in driver control happens in the progression from level 2 to level 3 when the automated driving system (ADS) starts to perform a major part of the dynamic driving task (DDT) in the allowed conditions, but meanwhile it still needs the drivers are ready for takeover control or other interventions in a short time. In this paper, we investigated whether providing directional alerts to a user’s active screen with non-driving related tasks can augment their ability in regaining situational awareness on road hazard when traveling in a conditional autonomous vehicle. A user study (N=15) was conducted to compare solutions between the central and peripheral field across displays where subjects were seated in an autonomous vehicle simulator and distracted by playing a game on a tablet screen (iPad). With different…
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
new

Vehicle Safe-Mode, Concept to Practice Limp-Mode in the Service of Cybersecurity

SAE International Journal of Transportation Cybersecurity and Privacy

Hamachvan Ltd., Israel-Yuval Montvelisky
Tel Aviv University, Israel-Tsvika Dagan, Avishai Wool
  • Journal Article
  • 11-02-02-0006
Published 2020-02-27 by SAE International in United States
This article describes both a concept and an implementation of vehicle safe-mode (VSM) - a mechanism that may help reduce the damage of an identified cyberattack to the vehicle, its driver, the passengers, and its surroundings. Unlike other defense mechanisms that try to block the attack or simply notify of its existence, the VSM mechanism responds to a detected intrusion by limiting the vehicle’s functionality to safe operations and optionally activating additional security countermeasures. This is done by adopting ideas from the existing mechanism of Limp-mode that was originally designed to limit the damage of a mechanical, or an electrical, malfunction and let the vehicle “limp back home” in safety. Like Limp-mode, the purpose of safe-mode is to limit the vehicle from performing certain functions when conditions arise that could render full operation dangerous: Detecting a malfunction in the Limp-mode case is analogous to detecting an active cybersecurity breach in the safe-mode case, and the reactions should be analogous as well. We demonstrate that the VSM can be implemented, possibly even as an aftermarket add-on:…
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Adding Context to Full-Motion Video for Improved Surveillance and Situational Awareness

Aerospace & Defense Technology: February 2020

  • Magazine Article
  • 20AERP02_03
Published 2020-02-01 by SAE International in United States

Today's intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) platforms integrate state-of-the-art technologies and subsystems into airborne platforms intended to observe, detect, identify, and neutralize threats. Full motion video (FMV) sensors are essential assets and are routinely used on fixed-wing, rotary-wing, and manned and unmanned platforms to provide real-time situational awareness with minimal latency.

Annotation ability available

Theories and Methods of Future HMI Design for Automobiles

  • Professional Development
  • C1931
Published 2019-12-19

HMI design is an Interdisciplinary, which is based on human cognitive psychology and combines humanities, sociology, aesthetics, information science and other disciplines. While automotive technologies can be applied regardless of regions, HMI must be localized, as it is closely related to regional culture, people's living habits and characteristics. At the same time, HMI design has its own complete theoretical system, research and design methods and testing methods, instead of relying on experience. The purpose of this course is to equip people involved in the automotive industry with a basic sense of HMI design of vehicles.

5 Ws of EarEcho

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35693
Published 2019-12-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Anyone who uses a smartphone with in-ear earphones.

Collaborative Automation: It's More Than Just the Cobot

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35608
Published 2019-12-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Collaborative robots, often called “cobots,” offer opportunities for companies of almost any size to cost-effectively automate processes that were previously out of reach. Cobots are available in a wide range of sizes, payloads, and capabilities but they all share attributes that define the term “collaborative.” The aspect that most people think of first is safety — the ability for cobots to work alongside human workers without bulky, expensive guarding. Cobots include a number of built-in safety mechanisms including rounded edges and softer materials as well as power-and force-limiting technologies that avoid injury and minimize discomfort in case of contact, and sensors that automatically slow or stop the robot arm if a human enters its workspace.

Artificial Skin Provides Haptic Feedback

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35616
Published 2019-12-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Technology capable of replicating the sense of touch — also known as haptic feedback — can greatly enhance human-computer and human-robot interfaces for applications such as medical rehabilitation and virtual reality. A soft artificial skin was developed that provides haptic feedback and, using a self-sensing mechanism, has the potential to instantaneously adapt to a wearer's movements.

   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Interface Standard, Airborne EO/IR Systems, Electrical

AS-1C Avionic Subsystems Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AS6129A
  • Current
Published 2019-11-19 by SAE International in United States
This standard defines a generic set of electrical interfaces between a host aircraft (“platform”) and an electro-optic/infrared (EO/IR) sensor. This includes connectors, cabling, fiber optics, signals, and power.
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Identifying Automated Driving Systems-Dedicated Vehicles (ADS-DVs) Passenger Issues for Persons with Disabilities

On-Road Automated Driving (ORAD) committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J3171_201911
  • Current
Published 2019-11-19 by SAE International in United States
It is expected that Level 4 and 5 automated driving systems-dedicated vehicles (ADS-DVs) will eventually enable persons to travel at will who are otherwise unable to obtain a driver's license for a conventional vehicle, namely, persons with certain visual, cognitive, and/or physical impairments. This information report focuses on these disabilities, but also provides guidance for those with other disabilities. This report is limited to fleet operated on-demand shared mobility scenarios, as this is widely considered to be the first way people will be able to interact with ADS-DVs. To be more specific, this report does not address fixed route transit services or private vehicle ownership. Similarly, this report is focused on road-worthy vehicles; not scooters, golf carts, etc. Lastly, this report does not address the design of chair lifts, ramps, or securements for persons who use wheeled mobility devices (WHMD) (e.g., wheelchair, electric cart, etc.), as these matters are addressed by other committees within SAE International.
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available