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Location based emergency call enabler

Mahindra & Mahindra, Ltd.-Priyanka Marudhavanan
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2457
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
M. Priyanka, Mahindra & Mahindra, India Sai Himaja Nadimpalli , Mahindra & Mahindra, India Keywords-Safety, Connectivity, GPS Research and/or Engineering Questions/Objective: There are many times the driver or co-passenger can experience emergency conditions whenever the vehicle is running or it is in static. These kind of situations are tough to handle even if one is victimized . The victim can be rescued on time if proper information about the situation would reach his friends or family . Limitations: In existing system, if the accidental crash happens then signal from airbag unit will wake up the mobile, Once this wake up call happens,it will activate the gsm module. The emergency contacts stored in the mobile will be dialed up and the victim can convey his emergency situation through that. The driver will be rescued only if crash happens. There is no system to rescue the driver if heart attack happens when he is driving. The additional problem which the system has is emergency contact is out of town,the victim will not be rescued Methodology: In order…
 

SMART HONKING

Mahindra & Mahindra, Ltd.-Priyanka Marudhavanan
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2463
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Smart Honking Keywords-Safety, Connectivity, GPS M. Priyanka, Mahindra&Mahindra, India Sai Himaja Nadimpalli, Mahindra&Mahindra,India Keywords-Honking , Infotainment , GPS Research and/or Engineering Questions/Objective: In India unnecessary vehicular honking is the main reason for noise pollution. The problem is worst at traffic signals where drivers start honking without waiting for the signal to turn green or for traffic to move. Drivers show no respect to the law that prohibits the use of horn at traffic signals and other silent zones such as areas near hospitals, schools, religious places and residential areas. Vehicular honking in cities has reached at an alarming level and contributes approximately 70% of the noise pollution in our environment.The unwanted sound can affect human health and behavior, causing annoyance, depression, hypertension, stress, hearing loss, memory loss and panic attacks. Most of the drivers try to release their frustration and tension by blowing horns, possibly due to lack of awareness regarding the negative effects of noise but most likely it is because of the lack of civic sense.. Limitations: There is a provision of sign…
 

Telematics: A Solution to Reduce Road Accidents on Indian Roads.

Honda Cars India Pvt Ltd-Kazunaga Kasai
Honda Cars India Pvt, Ltd.-Saurabh Garg
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2446
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
The number of fatalities due to road accidents in India is increasing at an alarming rate. In 2017, around 4.6 lakhs road accidents were reported due to which around 1.48 lakh people lost their lives. The accident severity i.e. number of deaths per 100 road accidents is reported to be at 31.8 - worst in a period of more than two decades. Passenger vehicles (two wheeler & four wheeler) constituted maximum road accidents, 59% combined. So, a strong sense of responsibility lies on vehicle manufacturers part to help the government agencies to reduce road accidents in India. Majorly road accidents are caused due to bad driving habits, road infrastructure problems, vehicle quality issues, unfavorable weather conditions and India unique chaos on roads. This paper highlights use of telematics to counter road accidents caused by bad driving habits of Indian drivers. Out of the bad driving habits, in 2017, over-speeding accounted for 67% of the road accident deaths. Any connected vehicle solution is capable of capturing basic parameters like vehicle speed, Global Positioning System (GPS) location…
 

Comparison of Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) and Global Positioning System (GPS) in Vehicle Tracking Application

International Centre For Automotive Tech.-Aditi Sethi
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2452
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Authors: Aditi Sethi1, Sonia Nain2, Madhusudan Joshi3 Organization: 1,2,3 International Centre for Automotive Technology, Manesar Introduction: The Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS), with an operational name of NAVIC, is an autonomous regional satellite navigation system developed by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in 2018 that provides accurate real-time positioning and timing services. It covers India and a region extending 1,500 km around it, with plans for further extension. The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radio navigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force, it was launched in 1978. It is a global navigation satellite system that provides geolocation and time information to a GPS receiver anywhere on or near the Earth where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites. Objective: IRNSS is a new navigation system for India as compared to GPS which is successfully operational and accepted globally since 1978. Therefore, comparison will help us to establish that IRNSS alone is sufficient for tracking…
 

DEVELOPMENT OF A FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR AN OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLE

Research & Devlopment Institute-JAGANNATHAN VASU
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2439
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
DEVELOPMENT OF A FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR AN OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLE V.Jagannathan 1.a* , B.Jaiganesh 2.b & S.Sudarsanam 3.c Mahindra & Mahindra Limited, Mahindra Research Valley, Mahindra World City, Anjur PO, TN, India Corresponding author Email- V.JAGANNATHAN@mahindra.com Managing an off-highway vehicle fleet during validation is a challenging task. Complexity is acquainted when more than 100 vehicles with different horse power (hp) & with different product configuration working across India and other parts of countries. Traditionally, a tractor validation involves data collection such as usage hours (Hour meter reading on cluster), locations etc. which are recorded in spread sheet and updated to the respective project owners on daily basis through mail communications. A manual recording and consolidation of tractors validation status is prone to error, reiterative work, consumes more resource and effort. Moving towards digitalization, IT enabled system for updating the tractor validation status on daily basis was added with advantage of huge data storage capacity, history data retrieval and data access anytime & anywhere, a step ahead to traditional method but with few limitations of not…
 

Airborne Icing Tankers

AC-9C Aircraft Icing Technology Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP5904
  • Current
Published 2019-06-17 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) document establishes criteria and recommended practices for the use of airborne icing tankers to aid in design and certification of aircraft ice protection systems and components. Several icing tankers are described, along with their capabilities and suggested use. Sample data for these tanker spray systems are included, shown with 14 CFR Parts 25 and 29, Appendix C icing envelopes for continuous maximum and intermittent maximum icing conditions. (Note: In the remainder of this document, the phrase “Appendix C icing envelopes” will be used for brevity.) This ARP is intended as a guide toward standard practice and is subject to change to keep pace with experience and technical advances.
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Smart Agriculture Sensors: Helping Small Farmers and Positively Impacting Global Issues, Too

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34585
Published 2019-06-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Smart agriculture, also known as precision agriculture, allows farmers to maximize yields using minimal resources such as water, fertilizer, and seeds. By deploying sensors and mapping fields, farmers can begin to understand their crops at a micro scale, conserve resources, and reduce impacts on the environment. Smart agriculture has roots going back to the 1980s when Global Positioning System (GPS) capability became accessible for civilian use. Once farmers were able to accurately map their crop fields, they could monitor and apply fertilizer and weed treatments only to areas that required it. During the 1990s, early precision agriculture users adopted crop yield monitoring to generate fertilizer and pH correction recommendations. As more variables could be measured and entered into a crop model, more accurate recommendations for fertilizer application, watering, and even peak yield harvesting, could be made.

 

Interface Standard, Airborne EO/IR Systems, Data

AS-1C Avionic Subsystems Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AS6135A
  • Current
Published 2019-05-14 by SAE International in United States
This standard defines the data interfaces between a host aircraft (“platform”) and an Electro-Optic/Infrared (EO/IR) sensor. These data interfaces cover various types of data including: imagery, metadata, command, status, and responses (CSR), geospatial postion, time, test and maintenance, and hand-controller. This standard does not cover mechanical or electrical interfaces.
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Interface Standard, Airborne EO/IR Systems, Maintenance and Test

AS-1C Avionic Subsystems Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AS6165A
  • Current
Published 2019-05-14 by SAE International in United States
This standard defines the use of data interfaces between a host platform and an electro-optic/infrared (EO/IR) system for maintenance and test (M&T) purposes. In particular, this standard defines the use of the data interfaces in order to facilitate the: a confirmation of system performance and function; b external initiation of built-in-test (BIT) functions; c performance of other diagnostic tests of system health; d downloading M&T data; e uploading software changes. This standard does not cover mechanical or electrical interfaces, nor does it define the basic platform-to-sensor communication protocols and formats. Furthermore, this standard does not address software changes that are made by the manufacturer and not accessible at the sensor interfaces. Data protocols and formats are covered by AS6135. Electrical interfaces are covered by AS6129. This standard covers the use of the interfaces defined by AS6129 and AS6135 for the purposes described herein.
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Localization and Mapping of Unknown Locations with Unmanned Ground Vehicles

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34340
Published 2019-05-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

The main goals of this research are to enhance a commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) software platform to support unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) exploring the complex environment of tunnels, to test the platform within a simulation environment, and to validate the architecture through field- testing.