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Location based emergency call enabler

Priyanka Marudhavanan, Sai Nadimpalli
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2457
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
M. Priyanka, Mahindra & Mahindra, India Sai Himaja Nadimpalli , Mahindra & Mahindra, India Keywords-Safety, Connectivity, GPS Research and/or Engineering Questions/Objective: There are many times the driver or co-passenger can experience emergency conditions whenever the vehicle is running or it is in static. These kind of situations are tough to handle even if one is victimized . The victim can be rescued on time if proper information about the situation would reach his friends or family . Limitations: In existing system, if the accidental crash happens then signal from airbag unit will wake up the mobile, Once this wake up call happens,it will activate the gsm module. The emergency contacts stored in the mobile will be dialed up and the victim can convey his emergency situation through that. The driver will be rescued only if crash happens. There is no system to rescue the driver if heart attack happens when he is driving. The additional problem which the system has is emergency contact is out of town,the victim will not be rescued Methodology: In order…
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SMART HONKING

Mahindra & Mahindra, Ltd.-Priyanka Marudhavanan
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2463
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Smart Honking Keywords-Safety, Connectivity, GPS M. Priyanka, Mahindra&Mahindra, India Sai Himaja Nadimpalli, Mahindra&Mahindra,India Keywords-Honking , Infotainment , GPS Research and/or Engineering Questions/Objective: In India unnecessary vehicular honking is the main reason for noise pollution. The problem is worst at traffic signals where drivers start honking without waiting for the signal to turn green or for traffic to move. Drivers show no respect to the law that prohibits the use of horn at traffic signals and other silent zones such as areas near hospitals, schools, religious places and residential areas. Vehicular honking in cities has reached at an alarming level and contributes approximately 70% of the noise pollution in our environment.The unwanted sound can affect human health and behavior, causing annoyance, depression, hypertension, stress, hearing loss, memory loss and panic attacks. Most of the drivers try to release their frustration and tension by blowing horns, possibly due to lack of awareness regarding the negative effects of noise but most likely it is because of the lack of civic sense.. Limitations: There is a provision of sign…
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Telematics: Solution to Reduce Road Accidents on Indian Roads.

Honda Cars India Pvt Ltd.-Saurabh Garg, Kazunaga Kasai
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2446
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
The number of fatalities due to road accidents in India is increasing at an alarming rate. In 2017, around 4.6 lakhs road accidents were reported due to which around 1.48 lakh people lost their lives. The accident severity i.e. number of deaths per 100 road accidents is reported to be at 31.8 - worst in a period of more than two decades. Passenger vehicles (two wheeler & four wheeler) constituted maximum road accidents, 59% combined. So, a strong sense of responsibility lies on vehicle manufacturers part to help the government agencies to reduce road accidents in India. Majorly road accidents are caused due to bad driving habits, road infrastructure problems, vehicle quality issues, unfavorable weather conditions and India unique chaos on roads. This paper highlights use of telematics to counter road accidents caused by bad driving habits of Indian drivers. Out of the bad driving habits, in 2017, over-speeding accounted for 67% of the road accident deaths. Any connected vehicle solution is capable of capturing basic parameters like vehicle speed, Global Positioning System (GPS) location…
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Comparison of Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) and Global Positioning System (GPS) in Vehicle Tracking Application

International Centre for Automotive Technology-Sonia Nain
Noida Institute of Engineering Technology-Madhusudan Joshi
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2452
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Authors: Sonia Nain1, Madhusudan Joshi2 Organization: 1,2 International Centre for Automotive Technology, Manesar Introduction: The Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS), with an operational name of NAVIC, is an autonomous regional satellite navigation system developed by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in 2018 that provides accurate real-time positioning and timing services. It covers India and a region extending 1,500 km around it, with plans for further extension. The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radio navigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force, it was launched in 1978. It is a global navigation satellite system that provides geolocation and time information to a GPS receiver anywhere on or near the Earth where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites. Objective: IRNSS is a new navigation system for India as compared to GPS which is successfully operational and accepted globally since 1978. Therefore, comparison will help us to establish that IRNSS alone is sufficient for tracking purposes in…
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DEVELOPMENT OF A FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR AN OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLE

Research & Devlopment Institute-Jagannathan Vasu
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2439
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
DEVELOPMENT OF A FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR AN OFF-HIGHWAY VEHICLE V.Jagannathan 1.a* , B.Jaiganesh 2.b & S.Sudarsanam 3.c Mahindra & Mahindra Limited, Mahindra Research Valley, Mahindra World City, Anjur PO, TN, India Corresponding author Email- V.JAGANNATHAN@mahindra.com Managing an off-highway vehicle fleet during validation is a challenging task. Complexity is acquainted when more than 100 vehicles with different horse power (hp) & with different product configuration working across India and other parts of countries. Traditionally, a tractor validation involves data collection such as usage hours (Hour meter reading on cluster), locations etc. which are recorded in spread sheet and updated to the respective project owners on daily basis through mail communications. A manual recording and consolidation of tractors validation status is prone to error, reiterative work, consumes more resource and effort. Moving towards digitalization, IT enabled system for updating the tractor validation status on daily basis was added with advantage of huge data storage capacity, history data retrieval and data access anytime & anywhere, a step ahead to traditional method but with few limitations of not…
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Electronic Travelling Kit for Navigation of Visually Challenged Individuals

SRM Institute of Science and Technology-Rajarajeswari Rathinam, Suchitra Dayalan, Harris Mathews
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Navigation of visually challenged persons is found tough, as they frequently do not get the essential details for escaping the perils and risk they come across when they want to reach a destination. Modernization of the world leads to the usage of technologically equipped devices to make compact and cost-effective setup. In order to help the visually impaired person to navigate securely swiftly an impediment identification system employing techno equipment such as Ultrasonic Sensors (US) and Universal Serial camera-based visual navigation system is proposed. The proposed framework identifies obstruction via the US and transmits audio signals as feedback to guide the individual about the location to be reached. Moreover, for capturing the location where the person has to move a universal serial bus (USB) webcam is employed. USB webcam is also deployed to distinguish between a human and an obstacle. In order to identify the persons well known to the visually challenged and also the presence of other human movements a face recognition system using image processing is adopted in the proposed system. The General…
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ISP-Vehicle Location Referencing Standard

Motor Vehicle Council
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J1746_201910
  • Current
Published 2019-10-03 by SAE International in United States

This SAE Standard is intended to be used for the communication of spatial data references between central sites and mobile vehicles on roads. References can be communicated from central site to vehicles, or from vehicles to central sites. The document may also be used where appropriate by other ITS applications requiring location references between data sets.

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Defeating Commercial Drone Threats with Open-Source SDR

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35353
Published 2019-10-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

It’s nearly impossible to look at technology news without seeing an article about drones. Whether detailing how Amazon wants to use drones to deliver packages or revealing amazing aerial video of drones following Olympic snow-boarders, commercial drones are ubiquitous. Drone emergence has benefited many applications including sports broadcasting and wildlife preservation wilderness surveys. Offering powerful, intelligent software, drones are becoming less expensive and easier to use, with substantial operating range.

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Localization Requirements for Autonomous Vehicles

SAE International Journal of Connected and Automated Vehicles

Ford Autonomous Vehicles, LLC, United States-Sarah E. Houts, Robert Cammarata, Graham Mills, Siddharth Agarwal, Ankit Vora
Ford Motor Company, United States-Tyler G.R. Reid, Gaurav Pandey
  • Journal Article
  • 12-02-03-0012
Published 2019-09-24 by SAE International in United States
Autonomous vehicles require precise knowledge of their position and orientation in all weather and traffic conditions for path planning, perception, control, and general safe operation. Here we derive these requirements for autonomous vehicles based on first principles. We begin with the safety integrity level, defining the allowable probability of failure per hour of operation based on desired improvements on road safety today. This draws comparisons with the localization integrity levels required in aviation and rail where similar numbers are derived at 10−8 probability of failure per hour of operation. We then define the geometry of the problem where the aim is to maintain knowledge that the vehicle is within its lane and to determine what road level it is on. Longitudinal, lateral, and vertical localization error bounds (alert limits) and 95% accuracy requirements are derived based on the United States (US) road geometry standards (lane width, curvature, and vertical clearance) and allowable vehicle dimensions. For passenger vehicles operating on freeway roads, the result is a required lateral error bound of 0.57 m (0.20 m, 95%),…
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NASA Eyes GPS at the Moon for Artemis Missions

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35111
Published 2019-09-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

The Global Positioning System (GPS), a satellite-based navigation system used by an estimated four billion people worldwide to figure out where they are on Earth at any moment, could be used to pilot in and around lunar orbit during future Artemis missions to the Moon.