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Design optimization for Engine mount

Prateek Sharma
VE Commercial Vehicles Ltd-Mahendra Parwal
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2540
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
The mounting of an engine plays important role in controlling the vibration transmissibility, alignment of transmission unit within specific limit. Design of any mounting system mainly depends on stiffness, allowed deformation and transmissibility of force, natural frequency and size w.r.t space constraints etc. This paper helps to study the behavior of engine mount with different layer of rubber with defer stiffness. Firstly the design of front engine mount with single rubber layer according to space constraint in vehicle and then analysis is done to determine the deformation and various results using CAE technique. As per the results, design is modified with varying layer of rubber pad and again analysis is done with same boundary condition followed by improved results.
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Development of Systematic Technique for Design of Electric Motor Mounting System in EV/ HEV Application

Automotive Research Association of India-Ravindra Kumar, Mayur Shimpi
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2508
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Last decade has been era of environmental awareness. Various programs have launched for making devices and appliances eco-friendly. This initiative has lead automobile industry toward hybridization and now total electrification of vehicles. Electric motor produce high frequency vibration along with high torque. Hence it needs to be isolated properly & carefully as these vibrations can damage other automobile parts. Dynamic response of electric motor is different from response of IC engines, so use of engine mounting design method is not suitable for designing mounting system for electric motor mounting system. In design of electric motor mounting, position and orientation of elastomeric mounts plays important role. Mounts used in passive vibration isolation are made up of elastomeric material which are stiff and resilient in nature. Ideal positions for elastomeric mounts are found by drawing free body diagrams (FBD) of force distribution on mount due to electric motor at various position in a single plane. Both 4- point and 3- point mounting system are designed and considered for analytical and experimental investigation of force and displacement transmissibility.…
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Methodology for failure simulation Using 4 corner 6 DOF Road load simulator of Overhanging Components: An Experimental Approach

Maruti Suzuki India Ltd-Naveen Malik, Sahil Jindal, Sayed Zergham Ali Naqvi
Maruti Suzuki India, Ltd.-Ayan Bhattacharya
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2404
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Nowadays, Road Load Simulators are used by automobile companies to reproduce the accurate and multi axial stresses in test parts to simulate the real loading conditions. The road conditions are simulated in lab by measuring the customer usage data by sensors like Wheel Force transducers, accelerometers, displacement sensors and strain gauges on the vehicle body and suspension parts. The acquired data is simulated in lab condition by generating ‘drive file’ using the response of the above mentioned sensors. For generation of proper drive file, not only good FRF but ensuring stability of inverse FRF is also essential. Stability of the inverse FRF depends upon the simulation channels used. In this paper, an experimental approach was applied for focused failure simulation of engine mount, one of such low correlation zone, with known history of failure. Methodology was established to simulate proving ground loads on engine mount along with simulation of loads at wheel center using a 4 corner 6 DOF road load simulator. Result was verified by endurance run on test rig and matching the nature…
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FEM Substructuring for the Vibrational Characterization of a Petrol Engine

FCA Italy S.p.A.-Antonio Parente, Mauro Pirelli
University of Naples-Enrico Armentani
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-24-0059
Published 2019-09-09 by SAE International in United States
In this work the vibrational behavior of a 4-cylinder, 4-stroke, petrol engine has been simulated by leveraging on a reduced modelling strategy, based on the Component Mode Synthesis (CMS), adopted to reduce the size of the full FEM model of the engine.The FEM model of the engine, comprising all of its sub-components, has been preliminary characterized from the vibrational standpoint; subsequently, the CMS has been adopted in order to reduce the FEM model size.Frequency Response Function (FRF) analyses have been used to identify the resonant frequencies and mode shapes of the different FEM models, and the so-obtained results have been compared showing a very good agreement.The reduced model has been able to reproduce with a high accuracy the vibration response at the engine mounts. The adopted reduced modelling strategy turned out to be effective in lowering the computational burden, keeping, at the same time, an accurate replication of the engine vibrational behavior. Runtimes have been significantly reduced from 24 hours for the full FEM model to less than 2 hours for the reduced model.
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Optimization Approach to Passive Engine Mounting System for Reducing Automotive Vibrations

K. N. Toosi University of Technology-Reza Abedi, Amir H. Shamekhia
Shahid Beheshti University-Abbas Rahi
Published 2019-07-08 by SAE International in United States
Improvised noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH) performance of vehicle implies better comfort for passengers. Apart from road inputs, engine vibration is one of the major contributors to interior vibrations in automotive. The aim of this paper is to optimize specifications and locations of engine mounts to reduce vehicle vibration without affecting engine performance and to provide better ride comfort. This paper also includes the challenges involved in the analysis of engine vibration on critical conditions such as movement on the road surface or braking action. Therefore, a fully numerical simulation expands to a four-cylinder engine by considering piston side force. In this model, the mass distribution in the connecting rod and crankshaft, outside of the center pin, and friction between the cylinder and piston have been considered. Furthermore, simulation analysis is implemented for an engine in vehicle movement with constant speed on the road class B roughness and braking conditions. Engine location, the angle of placement, and dynamic characteristics of mounts are the important parameters to reduce vibrations transferred to the vehicle frame. The optimization…
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New Method for Decoupling the Powertrain Roll Mode to Improve Idle Vibration

FCA US LLC-Syed F. Haider, Ahmad Abbas, Francisco Sturla
Published 2019-06-05 by SAE International in United States
Modern engines have high torque outputs and have low RPM due to increased demand for fuel efficiency. Vibrations caused by such engines have to be mitigated. Decoupling the roll mode from the remaining five rigid body modes results in a response which is predominantly about the torque roll axis (TRA) and helps reduce vibrations. Therefore, placing the mounts on the TRA early in the design phase is crucial. Best NVH performance can be obtained by optimizing the powertrain mount parameters viz; Position, Orientation and Stiffness. Many times, packaging restricts the mounts to be placed about the TRA resulting in degradation in NVH performance. Assuming that the line through the engine mount (Body side) centers is the desired TRA, we propose a novel method of shifting the TRA by adding mass modifying the powertrain inertia such that the new TRA is parallel to and on top to the desired TRA. This in turn will decouple the roll mode and reduce vibrations. This problem is formulated as an optimization problem. The numerical examples presented in this paper…
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Development of New I4 2.5L Gasoline Direct Injection Engine

Nissan Automotive Technology Co., Ltd.-Naohiro Yoshida
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
A new 2.5L 4-cylinder direct-injection engine (PR25DD) was developed for use on the new 2019 model year Altima as a successor to the QR25DE engine mounted on the previous model. The development concept defined for this new 4-cylinder engine was to achieve acceleration, fuel economy and noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) performance at the highest possible levels by incorporating the latest technologies, including a world’s first application.The PR25DD engine continues Nissan’s new engine concept of recent years with regard to the basic engine systems, including the use of direct injection, an electrically operated valve timing control (VTC) system, cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), an integrated exhaust manifold, mirror bore coating and a variable displacement oil pump [1]. In addition to these features, it also adopts a resin intake port. The resin port is inserted into the intake port cast in the cylinder head, thereby forming an air layer between the intake air passageway and the head inner wall so as to suppress the rise in intake air temperature. This world’s first application of a resin…
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Design and Modelling of Single Cylinder 4 Stroke Gasoline Engine Crankshaft

CASRAE, Delhi Technological University-Shourya Paul, Devanshu Jain, Rohan Brella, Naveen Kumar
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
The crankshaft translates the reciprocatory motion of the piston into rotary motion. A flywheel is generally connected to the crankshaft to reduce the vibrating characteristic of four stroke cycle. Counterweights are added for each reciprocating piston to provide engine balance while operating. Gasoline engines have curtailed compression ratio therefore shorter stoke length as a deduction have higher RPM in comparison to diesel counterpart. A crankshaft is subjected to enormous stresses, potentially equivalent of several tones of force. Failure of the crankshaft is predominantly due to violent vibrations, insufficient lubrication, excessively pressurized cylinder. This research aims to examine the stress subjected to acute points on a crankshaft. Three dimension model of 4 stroke single cylinder engine crankshaft is modeled using SolidWorks v18. End conditions were applied taking into consideration the engine mountings of the crankshaft. Stresses were applied to crankpin to replicate the forces of a running engine. Twisting moment causes Shear stresses; bending moment are determinant of the tensile and compressive stresses. This research was conducted for two different materials Stainless steel and Epoxy carbon…
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A Lumped Parameter Model Concerning the Amplitude-Dependent Characteristics for the Hydraulic Engine Mount with a Suspended Decoupler

Tongji University-Dawei Zhou, Shuguang Zuo, Xudong Wu
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
This paper presents a novel lumped parameter model(LPM) and its parameter identification method for the hydraulic engine mount(HEM) with a suspended decoupler. In the new model the decoupler membrane’s variable stiffness caused by being contact with the metallic cage is considered. Therefore, the decoupler membrane in the model can be taken as a spring. As a result, two parameters of the decoupler’s variable stiffness and the equivalent piston area are added. Then the finite element method is employed to analyze the suspended decoupler membrane’s variable stiffness characteristics under the contact state with the metallic cage. A piecewise polynomial is used to fit the decoupler membrane’s variable stiffness. To guarantee the symmetry of the stiffness, the polynomial only keeps the odd power coefficients. The other lumped parameters of the HEM, such as the elastic stiffness and equivalent piston area of the rubber spring, volumetric compliance of the fluid chamber, the fluid inertia and resistance of the inertia track are also identified with the finite element method for further numerical simulations. Finally a computer simulation under sinusoidal…
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Inertia Tensor and Center of Gravity Measurement for Engines and Other Automotive Components

Ohio State University-Dennis Guenther
SEA Ltd.-Dale A. Andreatta, Gary Heydinger, Scott Zagorski
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
A machine has been developed to measure the complete inertia matrix; mass, center of gravity (CG) location, and all moments and products of inertia. Among other things these quantities are useful in studying engine vibrations, calculation of the torque roll axis, and in the placement of engine mounts. While the machine was developed primarily for engines it can be used for other objects of similar size and weight, and even smaller objects such as tires and wheels/rims.A key feature of the device is that the object, once placed on the test table, is never reoriented during the test cycle. This reduces the testing time to an hour or less, with the setup time being a few minutes to a few hours depending on the complexity of the shape of the object. Other inertia test methods can require up to five reorientations, separate CG measurement, and up to several days for a complete test.The device uses a system of pivots, springs, and three sensors to get the three moments and three products of inertia, plus the…
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