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Welding Ceramics with Lasers

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35992
Published 2020-02-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Ceramics have been challenging to weld together because they need extremely high temperatures to melt, exposing them to extreme temperature gradients that cause cracking. Ceramic materials are biocompatible, extremely hard, and shatter-resistant, making them ideal for biomedical implants and protective casings for electronics.

Thermally Conductive Polymer Films

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35977
Published 2020-02-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Polymers are commonly used for thermal insulation as they are excellent at trapping heat. Thin polymer films were developed that conduct heat — an ability normally associated with metals. The films, which are thinner than plastic wrap, conduct heat better than many metals including steel and ceramic.

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Effect of Shot Peening Conditions on the Fatigue Life of Additively Manufactured A357.0 Parts

SAE International Journal of Materials and Manufacturing

Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Italy-Andrea Gatto, Antonella Sola
Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Italy Maserati S.p.A., Italy-Emanuele Tognoli
  • Journal Article
  • 05-13-02-0009
Published 2020-01-09 by SAE International in United States
Fatigue performance can be a critical attribute for the production of structural parts or components via additive manufacturing (AM). In comparison to the static tensile behavior of AM components, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the fatigue performance. The growing market demand for AM implies the need for more accurate fatigue investigations to account for dynamically loaded applications. A357.0 parts are processed by laser-based powder bed fusion (L-PBF) in order to evaluate the effect of surface finishing on fatigue behavior. The specimens are surface finished by shot peening using ϕ = 0.2 and ϕ = 0.4 mm steel particles and ϕ = 0.21-0.3 mm zirconia-based ceramic particles. The investigation proves that all the considered post-processing surface treatments increase the fatigue resistance of as-built parts, but the effect of peening with ϕ = 0.4 mm steel particles or with ceramic particles is more pronounced than that of peening with ϕ = 0.2 mm steel particles, although this treatment has the same Almen A value as the ceramic one. The surface morphology and the crack surface…
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Environmental Barrier Coatings for Ceramic Matrix Composites

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35795
Published 2020-01-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Innovators at NASA's Glenn Research Center have developed two durable environmental barrier coatings (EBCs) for use with ceramic matrix composite (CMC) components. CMCs are lightweight composites used to reduce fuel consumption in advanced gas turbines and other high-temperature, high-stress environments (up to 1482 °C). Glenn's breakthrough EBCs are the only coatings that can withstand such temperatures, protecting CMCs from increased wear and corrosion, oxidation, and water vapor recession in extreme environments. In addition, these EBCs can be fabricated with simpler and lower-cost methods than conventional coating processes such as plasma spraying.

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Computerized Experimental Investigation on Performance & Exhaust Emission of Twin Cylinder Adiabatic Diesel Engine Coated with YSZ

SVMIT Bharuch-Dr. Dipakkumar C. Gosai
SVNIT Surat-Anil Kumar Gillawat
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2548
Published 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
The fuel consumption and performance of the Internal Combustion (IC) engine is improved by adopting concepts of an adiabatic engine. An experimental investigation for different load conditions is carried out on a water-cooled, constant-speed, twin-cylinder diesel engine. This research is intended to emphasize energy balance and emission characteristic for standard uncoated base engine and adiabatic engine. The inner walls of diesel engine combustion chamber are thermally insulated by a top coat of Metco 204NS yttria-stabilized zirconia (Y2O3ZrO2) powder (YSZ) of a thickness of 350 mm using plasma spray coating technology. The same combustion chamber is also coated with thermal barrier coating (TBC) bond coats of AMDRY 962 Nickle chromium aluminum yttria of thickness of 150 mm. The NiCrAlY powder specially designed to produce coating’s resistance to hot corrosion. The combination of this ceramic material produces excellent high-temperature thermal barrier coating (TBC) resistant to thermal cycling stresses and strains. The engine valves, engine heads, and engine pistons were thermal barrier ceramic coated and computerized experimental results were compared to the base engine. Experimental results justified TBC…
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Shot Peening Media, Ultrasonically Activated

AMS B Finishes Processes and Fluids Committee
  • Aerospace Material Specification
  • AMS2585A
  • Current
Published 2019-11-04 by SAE International in United States
The complete requirements for procuring the product shall consist of this document and the latest Issue of the basic specification, AMS2431.
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Recommended Practice for Determining Material Properties of Li-Battery Separator

Battery Materials Testing Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2983_201910
  • Current
Published 2019-10-14 by SAE International in United States
This SAE RP provides a set of test methods and practices for the characterization of the properties of Li-battery separator. The test methods in this RP have been grouped into one of three categories: 1 Separator material parameters: Minimum set of separator properties to be measured. 2 Chemistry/customer-specific parameters: Properties that are dependent on the application, customer needs and/or requirements, manufacturing process, etc. This RP will include the current best practice methodologies for these tests, with an understanding that the best practice methodologies are evolving as more information is learned. 3 R&D parameters: Properties that are dependent on the application, customer needs and/or requirements, manufacturing process, etc. The methodologies in this third section are under development and have not yet achieved broad application. It is not within the scope of this document to establish criteria for the test results, as this is usually established between the materials supplier and seperator manufacturer and the user. This is especially true where this document specifies a range of target values, or an open testing parameter. In these cases,…
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Design and Analysis of Aluminium-Flyash Composite for Connecting Rod

Geethanjali College of Engg. and Tech.-Suresh Nuthalapati, Devaiah Malkapuram
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
In this modern era of rapid growth of technology and need of economical machining processes and materials, there is an increasing demand for new materials for different mechanical applications. Composites with fly ash as reinforcement are likely to overcome the cost barrier for wide spread applications in automotive and small engine applications. To improve wettability, elements such as Mg and Si are added into Al melt to incorporate the ceramic particles. The chemical composition and engineering properties of fly ash, its physical and chemical properties make it an ideal raw material for producing various application based composites. The main objective is to fabricate an Aluminium- Flyash composite material suitable for parts like engine connecting rod which demand high strength and temperature sustainability at comparatively less weight. The composite will be made using casting process and Engine connecting rod will be designed in AutoCAD software. The design will be analyzed with the help of Ansys with Aluminium and Aluminium- Flyash composite (at different compositions).
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Compact, Lightweight, CMC-Based Acoustic Liner

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35287
Published 2019-10-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

In the wake of recent developments that have reduced fan and jet noise contributions to overall jet-engine noise, aircraft designers are turning their attention toward reducing engine core noise. Innovators at NASA’s Glenn and Langley Research Centers are developing a compact, lightweight acoustic liner based on oxide/oxide ceramic matrix composite (CMC) materials.

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Ceramic Bound Materials: A Suitable Solution for Light Brakes

2Dto3D S.r.l.s.-Marco Dastrù
Chilches Materials S.A.-José Carlos Serrano-Posada
Published 2019-09-15 by SAE International in United States
A ceramic bound matrix has been investigated to be used as a friction material. The materials were produced by means of ceramic technology using frits containing silicates, and ceramic friction modifiers such as tin oxide, zircon, iron oxide, magnesium oxide. Four formulations were tested by means of a tribometer (pin-on-disc tester) using a gray cast iron counterpart. Test section included speeds between 1 and 12 ms-1, and loads between 25 and 400 N. The coefficient of friction of the tested specimens were between 0.7 and 0.4, and exhibited sensitivity to speed at low loads (25 N), while they are quite stables at high loads (400N). The characterization of the tribolayers was carried out by means of scanning electron microscopy. The four developed materials were named A, B, C, and D. They exhibited different wear rates and coefficients of friction. All the materials exhibited sensitivity to speed, while showed a lower sensitivity to load. The coefficient of friction level seems to be suitable for brake applications, oscillating between 0.6 and 0.4, depending on the test section.…
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