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Brake System Thermal Performance for Brazil Market Battery Electric Vehicles

General Motors, LLC-David Antanaitis
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-36-0019
Published 2020-01-13 by SAE International in United States
The discussion in the braking industry that has been ongoing for over a decade now on how to specify brake systems for regenerative-brake intensive vehicle applications has intensified considerably in the past few years as the automotive industry ponders a future where electric vehicles become predominant. Major automotive manufactures have announced plans to create dedicated electric-only vehicle architectures, from which to offer a full range of electric vehicle configurations. The time to really figure out the translation of Voice of the Electric Vehicle Customer to technical requirements and brake system content is approaching very rapidly. One of the major design decisions in the brake system is the sizing of foundation brake components for thermal performance. There is no question that regenerative brakes can significantly reduce the demand on the friction brakes in normal usage, sometimes by a full order of magnitude or more. Brakes no longer need to be sized for everyday use, rather, the sizing is driven by “limit cases” such as failure of the regen system, a full state of charge in the…
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A Coupled Approach Using CFD and FEA Solution for Solving the Cooling of Automotive Disk Brake

Siemens Industry Software-Joel Sanvezzo Junior, Douglas Dutra
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-36-0012
Published 2020-01-13 by SAE International in United States
The cooling efficiency of automotive disk brakes comprises an important area of development, since the system performance is directly related to the overheating level that is being achieved during the braking period. The heat generation occurs during the conversion of kinetic energy into heat. After this process, it is crucial an effective thermal dissipation in order to assure the decay of temperature levels. Such thermal dissipation results mainly from the interaction of the brake components with the external airflow in the wheel arch, where there are the occurrence of heat transfer mechanisms including conduction, convection and radiation. In this sense, through the application of simulation models, it is possible to predict the thermal- structural behavior by combining solutions in the fluid dynamics and structural areas. In this work, a one-way fluid-structure approach is proposed by combining conventional CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) and FEA (Finite Element Analysis) models. The CFD modeling aim to solve the disk brake cooling during the airflow passage in the wheel arch and its interaction with the brake components. The FEA modeling…
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Parking Brake Structural Integrity Test Procedure Vehicles Over 4500 kg (10 000 lb) GVWR—Truck and Bus

Truck and Bus Foundation Brake Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J1476_201910
  • Current
Published 2019-10-21 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes a method of evaluating the structural integrity of the parking brake system of all new trucks, buses, and combination vehicles designed for roadway use in the following classifications: TRACTOR, TRAILER, TRUCK, AND BUS: over 4500 kg (10 000 lb) GVWR.
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Parking Brake Drawbar Pull Test Procedure - Truck and Bus

Truck and Bus Brake Systems Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J1729_201910
  • Current
Published 2019-10-17 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Recommended Practice provides a test method and instructions for measuring performance of parking brakes on air- or hydraulic-braked vehicles equipped with in-wheel or drive-line parking brakes. This procedure applies to truck-tractors, trailers, trucks, and buses.
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Inertia Dynamometer Rotor Crack Test Procedure for Air Disc Brakes

Truck and Bus Foundation Brake Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J3080_201905
  • Current
Published 2019-05-17 by SAE International in United States
This Recommended Practice applies to commercial vehicles equipped with air disc brakes and above 4536 kg of Gross Vehicle Weight Rating. Other assessments on the friction material or rotor related to wear, durability, correlation to product life, noise, judder, compliance to specific regulations, etc., are not part of this RP (Recommended Practice).
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Service Brake Structural Integrity Requirements—Truck and Bus

Truck and Bus Foundation Brake Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J1404_201904
  • Current
Published 2019-04-24 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Recommended Practice presents requirements for the structural integrity of the brake system of all new trucks, buses, and combinations of vehicles designed for roadway use and falling into the following classifications: a Truck and Bus—Over 4500 kg (10 000 lb) GVWR b Combination Vehicles—Towing vehicle over 4500 kg (10 000 lb) GVWR The requirements are based on data obtained from SAE J294.
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Effect of Slot and Chamfer Shape of Brake Pad on Mode Coupling

Chulalongkorn University-Sirapath Yeamdee, Thiti Bovornratanaraks, Chanat Ratanasumawong
Compact International (1994) Co., Ltd.-Meechai Sriwiboon
Published 2019-03-25 by SAE International in United States
In the present, one of the essential quality concerns in the automotive industry is brake squeal. Brake pad shape is one of the factors affecting to brake vibration and squeal noise. This research aims to study the effect of slot and chamfer shape on mode coupling through the Finite Element Analysis (FEA), impact hammer testing and performance test from dynamometer. The results can be used to develop geometry of the brake pad surface that leads to brake squeal reduction in the design stage. The natural frequencies and mode shape of brake components calculated by FEA are compared with the impact hammer testing to ensure the accuracy of the results. The FE results are also verified through the standard test with a dynamometer.
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Performance Requirements for SAE J844 Nonmetallic Air Brake Tubing and Push to Connect Fitting Assemblies Used in Vehicular Air Brake Systems

Air Brake Tubing and Tube Ftg Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2494/3_201902
  • Current
Published 2019-02-21 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Standard is intended to establish uniform performance criteria and methods of testing push-to-connect tube fittings, with SAE J844 air brake tubing as used in vehicular air brake systems. The specific tests and performance criteria applicable to the tubing are set forth in SAE J844. The test values contained in this performance standard are for test purposes only. For environmental and usage limitations, refer to SAE J844.
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Maintainability Recommendations for Aircraft Wheel and Hydraulically Actuated Brake Design

A-5A Wheels, Brakes and Skid Controls Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP813C
  • Current
Published 2019-02-15 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) recommends the maintainability features which should be considered in the design of aircraft wheels and brakes. The effect on other factors, such as, cost, weight, reliability, and compatibility with other systems should be weighed before the incorporation of any of these maintainability features into the design.
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Off-Vehicle Brake Testing for Service Brakes Over 10000 Pounds GVW Air, Hydraulic, and Mechanical Actuation

Truck and Bus Brake Systems Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2806_201901
  • Current
Published 2019-01-14 by SAE International in United States
Subject document is specifically intended for service brakes and service brakes when used for parking and/or emergency brakes (only) that are commonly used for automotive-type, ground-wheeled vehicles exceeding 4536 kg (10000 pounds) gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR). Subject specification provides the off-vehicle procedures, methods, and processes used to objectively determine suitability of tactical and combat ground-wheeled vehicle brake systems and selected secondary-item brake components (aka, aftermarket or spare parts), including brake “block” for commercial applications only, specifically identified within subject document. Subject specification is primarily based on known industry and military test standards utilizing brake inertia dynamometers. Targeted vehicles and components include, but may not be limited to, the following: a Civilian, commercial, military, and militarized-commercial ground-wheeled vehicles such cargo trucks, vocational vehicles, truck tractors, trailers, and specialized support and engineering equipment under the generic heading of ground vehicle “dry” brake systems (GVDBS). b Hydraulic, air, and mechanical “dry” disc brake and drum brake systems, when used as service brakes, including service brakes (only), when used as emergency and/or parking brakes. c Hydraulic, air, and…
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