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Editorial

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: March 2020

Editorial Director-Bill Visnic
  • Magazine Article
  • 20AVEP03_01
Published 2020-03-01 by SAE International in United States

Some may remember - from a time before “brands” were intricately managed corporate personalities - a stays-in-your-head advertising campaign for the soft drink 7 Up. Pushing for share in a largely one-dimensional market dominated by Coke and Pepsi, 7 Up billed itself as the “Uncola.”

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The Mind of Argo AI

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: March 2020

Lindsay Brooke
  • Magazine Article
  • 20AVEP03_03
Published 2020-03-01 by SAE International in United States

Co-founder and CEO Bryan Salesky brings a realistic approach to the self-driving technology “mission.”

Creating technology solutions that work well in one area but don't scale out is a traditional problem in the robotics field. It's a particular challenge for engineers developing self-driving vehicles, acknowledged Bryan Salesky, the CEO and co-founder of Argo AI. The Pittsburgh-based company is a leader in SAE Level 4 systems development, partnering with Ford and Volkswagen to put autonomous people-movers and delivery vehicles into revenue-generating road use in the next few years. Ford plans to deploy its first units in three U.S. cities in late 2021.

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ZF Establishes Level 2+ ADAS

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: March 2020

Lindsay Brooke
  • Magazine Article
  • 20AVEP03_05
Published 2020-03-01 by SAE International in United States

Cost-effective technology solutions to meet diverse customer needs are what the “new pragmatism” in driver-assistance tech is all about. Senior VP Aine Denari explains.

The wall of hype surrounding the self-driving future has given way to a new pragmatism, and engineers are breathing a collective sigh of relief. The industry, for the most part, has come to grips with the myriad challenges of making autonomous vehicles perform with utmost safety, in all driving scenarios and weather conditions. Cost sensitivity remains a significant factor, particularly in advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) whose development is closely aligned with NCAP safety requirements.

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Delivering Self-driving Definitions

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: March 2020

Bradley Berman
  • Magazine Article
  • 20AVEP03_09
Published 2020-03-01 by SAE International in United States

Shifting AV-safety validation from millions of miles driven to an understanding of the “quality” of simulation coverage.

The auto industry is under increasing pressure to prove that autonomous vehicles (AV) can be safe. But before OEMs can begin to establish the necessary benchmarks for safety, the industry needs a common framework for describing the infinite scenarios and roadway variabilities that a self-driving vehicle might encounter. Foretellix, a Tel Aviv-based software company, is fulfilling that need with its Measurable Scenario Description Language (M-SDL), a machine- and human-readable programming language for AV validation.

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Sensor Heat Relief

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: March 2020

Bradley Berman
  • Magazine Article
  • 20AVEP03_07
Published 2020-03-01 by SAE International in United States

Canatu's carbon nanobots keep critical sensor surfaces -and LED headlamps - clean in sub-freezing weather.

Sensor surfaces that are exposed to weather need to be kept clean so that ADAS and autonomous driving systems can function safely. Ice build-up in cold conditions is of particular concern, but Canatu thinks it has a solution.

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The Navigator

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: March 2020

  • Magazine Article
  • 20AVEP03_02
Published 2020-03-01 by SAE International in United States

Engineers who are familiar with Tesla's development approach to automated driving (AD) platforms recognize that it contains fundamental vehicle design flaws that are likely to stifle Elon Musk's promise to have 1 million robotaxi-capable SAE Level-4 (L4) vehicles on the road by end of 2020.

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Metamoto Goes Deep on AV Simulation

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: March 2020

Bradley Berman
  • Magazine Article
  • 20AVEP03_04
Published 2020-03-01 by SAE International in United States

Simulation based on the actual physics of vehicles and sensors continues expanding to replace millions of miles of potentially dangerous real-world testing.

Autonomous-vehicle (AV) development companies frequently boast about the millions of miles their test vehicles travel in real-world testing. The claims reflect a long-held, more-is-better mentality when it comes to AV miles in the wild. But that was before a few high-profile accidents sent the AV industry into the so-called trough of disillusionment.

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Lidar in a Flash

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: March 2020

Ryan Gehm
  • Magazine Article
  • 20AVEP03_06
Published 2020-03-01 by SAE International in United States

Continental delivers a short-range 3D flash lidar sensor that's expected to find increasing application in commercial vehicles and off-highway machines in 2020.

A precise three-dimensional profile of a vehicle's surroundings is a fundamental prerequisite for automated driving. A new high-resolution 3D flash lidar (HFL) sensor developed for use at close range - 50 m (164 ft) or less - delivers on this capability, according to Thomas Laux, head of business development and sales for HFL segment in Continental's Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) business unit.

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Congestion-busting with Autonomous Shuttles

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: March 2020

Bradley Berman
  • Magazine Article
  • 20AVEP03_10
Published 2020-03-01 by SAE International in United States

GoMentum is safety-testing two Local Motors shuttles at AAA's expansive NorCal proving grounds and new V2X lab.

It was uneventful when an eight-passenger, low-speed driverless shuttle crawled at about 10 mph (16 km/h) toward the intersection at the GoMentum Station AV proving grounds in Concord, Calif. The crisp morning temperatures didn't get any more exciting when a mechanical pedestrian-dummy intentionally moved in the self-driving vehicle's path. The shuttle's six lidars, six radars and two military-grade GPS units brought the slow-moving vehicle gently to a stop within a courteous distance usually not granted by human drivers.

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Build it and they Will Come

Autonomous Vehicle Engineering: March 2020

Bill Visnic
  • Magazine Article
  • 20AVEP03_08
Published 2020-03-01 by SAE International in United States

Moving beyond vehicles, Toyota plans to manufacture a whole city.

There's hardly a region on Earth that Toyota doesn't reach. At the 2020 CES conference, the company announced a visionary project of similar scope, saying it intends to build a “prototype town of the future” to prove out new technologies of all kind, not just transportation-related. Toyota's Woven City is envisioned as “home to full-time residents and researchers who will be able to test and develop technologies such as autonomy, robotics, personal mobility, smart homes and artificial intelligence in a real-world environment.”

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