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Equivalent Material Properties of Multi-Layer, Lightweight, High-Performance Damping Material and Its Performance in Applications

3M Company-Taewook Yoo, Ronald Gerdes, Seungkyu Lee, Thomas Herdtle
3M Deutschland GmbH-Georg Eichhorn
Published 2019-06-05 by SAE International in United States
In this study, we investigated two aspects of a multi-layer, lightweight damping treatment. The first aspect studied was an equivalent material property estimate for a simplified finite element (FE) model. The simplified model is needed for computational efficiency, i.e. so that Tier 1 and OEM users can represent this complex, multi-layer treatment as a single, isotropic solid layer plus an aluminum constraining layer. Therefore, the use of this simplified FE model allows the multilayer treatment to be included in large body-in-white structural models. An equivalent material property was identified by first representing three unique layers (two adhesive layers plus a connecting standoff layer) by a single row of isotropic solid elements, then an optimization tool was used to determine the “best fit” for two properties including Young’s modulus and material loss factor. Equivalent properties were validated for various substrate thickness and coverage areas heights by comparison to center-driven long bar test results.Secondly, the effect of damping treatment size was studied using the previously identified equivalent material properties. This was a damper placement study to determine…
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Acoustically Absorbing Lightweight Thermoplastic Honeycomb Panels

SAE International Journal of Vehicle Dynamics, Stability, and NVH

3M Company-James M. Jonza, Thomas Herdtle, Jeffrey Kalish, Ronald Gerdes, Taewook Yoo
3M Deutschland GmbH-Georg Eichhorn
  • Journal Article
  • 2017-01-1813
Published 2017-06-05 by SAE International in United States
The aerospace industry has employed sandwich composite panels (stiff skins and lightweight cores) for over fifty years. It is a very efficient structure for rigidity per unit weight. For the automobile industry, we have developed novel thermoplastic composite panels that may be heated and shaped by compression molding or thermoforming with cycle times commensurate with automotive manufacturing line build rates. These panels are also readily recycled at the end of their service life. As vehicles become lighter to meet carbon dioxide emission targets, it becomes more challenging to maintain the same level of quietness in the vehicle interior.Panels with interconnected honeycomb cells and perforations in one skin have been developed to absorb specific noise frequencies. The absorption results from a combination and interaction of Helmholtz and quarter wave resonators. Computer modeling was used to design panels that absorb one of the problematic frequency ranges (800-1,250 Hz), caused by tires on the roadway. This was achieved in thin (7-8 mm) panels of low density (0.25-0.35 g/cc). Experimental results of acoustic absorption and transmission loss of polypropylene…
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Comparison of Long Bar Test Method to Oberst Bar Test Method for Damping Material Evaluation

Daniel Stanley
3M Company-Taewook Yoo, Ronald W. Gerdes, Seungkyu Lee, Thomas Herdtle
Published 2017-06-05 by SAE International in United States
Several methods for evaluating damping material performance are commonly used, such as Oberst beam test, power injection method and the long bar test. Among these test methods, the Oberst beam test method has been widely used in the automotive industry and elsewhere as a standard method, allowing for slight bar dimension differences. However, questions have arisen as to whether Oberst test results reflect real applications. Therefore, the long bar test method has been introduced and used in the aerospace industry for some time. In addition to the larger size bar in the long bar test, there are a few differences between Oberst (cantilever) and long bar test (center-driven) methods. In this paper, the differences between Oberst and long bar test methods were explored both experimentally and numerically using finite element analysis plus an analytical method. Furthermore, guidelines for a long bar test method are provided.
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Structural Damping by the Use of Fibrous Materials

3M-Taewook Yoo
Polytec Inc-Sean Hollands
Published 2015-06-15 by SAE International in United States
Because of the increasing concern with vehicle weight, there is an interest in lightweight materials that can serve several functions at once. Here we consider the vibration damping performance provided by an “acoustical” material (i.e., a fibrous layer that would normally be used for airborne noise control). It has been previously established that the vibration of panel structures creates a non-propagating nearfield in the region close to the panel. In that region, there is an oscillatory, incompressible fluid flow parallel to the panel whose strength decays exponentially with distance from the panel. When a fibrous medium is placed close to the panel in the region where the oscillatory nearfield is significant, energy is dissipated by the viscous interaction of the flow and the fibers, and hence the panel vibration is damped. The degree of panel damping is then proportional to the energy removed from the nearfield by the viscous interaction with the fibrous medium. In his paper, experiments are described that demonstrate this effect. Fibrous layers were placed next to a lightly damped panel driven…
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Assessment of Absorbers in Normal-Incidence Four- Microphone Transmission-Loss Systems to Measure Effectiveness of Materials in Lateral-Flow Configurations of Filled or Partially Filled Cavities

3M Company-R. M. Pieper, Jonathan H. Alexander
Purdue University-J. Stuart Bolton, Taewook Yoo
Published 2007-05-15 by SAE International in United States
The four-microphone standing wave tube system has proven useful for measuring the absorption and transmission loss of various fibrous and non-fibrous absorbers. The system is fast, repeatable, accurate and compact.This paper discusses the advantages of the four-microphone system for measuring the transmission loss in lateral-flow absorber systems. The original four-microphone round impedance tube system and the migration to a four-microphone square tube system are discussed. The four-microphone square tube system allows effective study of filled and partially filled cavities.
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