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by SAE International in United States
In recent years, the number of reported traffic accidents due to sudden deterioration in driver’s physical condition has been increasing, it is expected to develop a system that prevents accidents even if physical condition suddenly changes while driving, or reduces damage through vehicle body control. For this purpose, it is necessary to detect sudden changes of the driver’s physical condition, and research is being conducted widely. Among them, it is reported that some of such changes may appear in the heartbeat interval. In other words, by acquiring the driver’s heartbeat interval in real time, it may be possible to detect the sudden changes, and reduce traffic accident. Even if a traffic accident occurs, the damage can be reduced by emergency evacuation immediately after detecting sudden changes. Therefore, we focused on the technology to detect the heartbeat interval with 24GHz microwave Doppler radar, which can detect heartbeat non-contactly while maintaining the interior design and passenger’s privacy. Doppler radar with microwave is sensitive enough to detect heartbeat, however vibration noise is also superimposed on the sensor signal…
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Mizuho Information and Research Institute-Tsutomu Takayama, Kohei Yamamoto, Yoshinobu Yamade
Nihon Unversity-Yasumasa Suzuki
Toyota Motor Corporation-Takafumi Makihara, Takahiro Kitamura, Taro Yamashita, Kazuhiro Maeda
University of Tokyo-Chisachi Kato
by SAE International in United States
It is important to reduce aerodynamic drag for reducing fuel consumption. Conventionally reduction of aerodynamic drag has been carried out by shape optimization of each part of a vehicle based on the investigations of the time-averaged flows around the vehicle. However, the general tendency of drag reduction has been saturated recently and it is required to develop a new flow-control technique to achieve further reduction in aerodynamic drag. We therefore focus on the unsteadiness of the flow around a vehicle to achieve it because the aerodynamic drag of a vehicle fluctuates over time due to repetitions of generation, growth, merging and disappearance of various sizes of vortices around it. These vortices are formed by flow separations, for which the longitudinal coherent vortices inside turbulent boundary layers on vehicle surfaces are presumably playing an important role. However, there have been few studies on these vortices due to the difficulty in performing such a high-resolution flow simulation that is able to capture these small structures. In fact, the size of these vortices in the boundary layers on…
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