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Sithananthan, M.
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Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in Ambient Air - A Case Study at the Vicinity of Fuel Filling Stations in New Delhi, India

Indian Oil Corporation Limited-Neeraj Kumar, Prashant Kumar, M. Sithananthan, Reji Mathai, Ajay Kumar Sehgal, R. Suresh, B. P. Das
Published 2015-03-10 by SAE International in United States
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) present in ambient air are potentially toxic among the air pollutants. They are present in the urban atmosphere due to both exhaust emissions from vehicles and evaporative emissions at fuel filling stations. The present study aims to provide an indication of ambient levels of benzene, a carcinogenic VOC in the immediate vicinity of petrol filling stations in Delhi & National Capital Region (NCR). The monitoring of benzene is conducted across the vicinity of petrol stations to ascertain the effect of outside pollutant concentration on forecourt area. Continuous monitoring of benzene was achieved by an air quality monitoring facility stationed across the selected locations at four selected fuel filling stations. It was observed that the average concentrations of benzene measured during the study ranged between 2.28 ppb - 9.43 ppb. The study also reveals few peaks in the benzene level during heavy traffic count and these values were higher than the limiting value of 1.56 ppb as prescribed by NAAQS (National Ambient Air Quality Standard) of India. The temporal variation in theā€¦
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Experimental Studies on Butanol/Gasoline Fuel Blends in a Four Stroke Engine Powered Motorcycle

Indian Oil Corp. Ltd.-M. Muralidharan, Neeraj Kumar, Mrinmoy Kalita, M. Sithananthan, Ved Singh
Published 2014-04-01 by SAE International in United States
Butanol is one of the potential alternative fuels that can be used in IC engines in the same way as gasoline. This paper investigates the application of butanol as a blending component for gasoline fuel used in single cylinder four stroke motorcycle engine. Different blending ratio of 5, 10, 20 & 30% butanol-gasoline prepared were used for the study. The motorcycle engine tested on the chassis dynamometer had displacement of 100 cm3. The performance testing under steady state were simulated by running the vehicle on road load simulation and wide open throttle test modes at steady speeds of 40, 50, 60 and 70 km/h. The fuels were also examined using transient Indian Driving Cycle. The test results indicated that butanol-gasoline blended fuel can be a promising alternate for automotive application.
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Field Evaluation on the Performance Characteristics of 10% Ethanol Gasoline blends in Four Stroke Engine Powered Two Wheelers

Indian Oil Corporation Ltd.-M. Muralidharan, Mrinmoy Kalita, M. Sithananthan, Ved Singh, A. K. Sehgal, B. Basu, R. K. Malhotra
Published 2013-01-09 by The Automotive Research Association of India in India
Two Wheeler segment being the largest segment for consumption of Gasoline in India, a study was taken-up for establishing the effectiveness of 10% Ethanol in normal and branded gasoline for its use on 4 stroke engine powered two wheelers. This paper presents the test work done on four identical four stroke engine powered two wheelers, one each on neat normal and branded gasoline and their blends with 10% ethanol. Mileage build-up of 15,000 km was carried out on road as well as on chassis dynamometer with intermittent performance test at 5000 km interval, used engine oil sample analysis at regular interval and merit rating of engine components at the end of the trials.
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