Mahindra & Mahindra, Ltd.-Kartick Ramakrishnan, Padmavathi Ramadandi, Karthikeyan N Krishnan
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by SAE International in United States
A major challenge for combustion development is to optimize the engine for improved fuel economy, reduce greenhouse gases. Stringent CAFÉ and emission norms require the customer to pay higher capital on vehicles. To offset the cost of ownership- cheaper and alternative energy sources are being explored. Ethanol blend with regular Gasoline and CNG are such alternative fuels. The study was carried on turbo-charged gasoline direct injection engine. The effect of ethanol on engine and vehicle performance is estimated and simulated numerically. The work is split into three stages: first the base 1D engine performance model was calibrated to match the experimental data. In parallel, vehicle level Simulink model was built and calibrated to match the NEDC cycle performance. Second, the thermal efficiency of the ethanol blend is calculated as a linear function of theoretical Otto cycle efficiency. The engine performance for varying compression ratio & ethanol gasoline blend is studied for vehicle level using a MATLAB code. Third, 1D code was run to simulate the high-speed exhaust temperature & low speed knock intensity, this is…
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by SAE International in United States
The present work is concerned with the design of an optimum air intake system for a single cylinder reciprocating diesel engine. It is a well known fact that air flow rates of a naturally aspirated engine are sensitive to the geometrical dimensions of the pipes that connect the engine to the atmosphere. Hence, tuning intake system dimensions for optimum airflow rates is of great importance. In this scenario simulation tools can be useful for the optimization of intake system. The one dimensional simulation tool AVL BOOST is used to predict air flow rates with different combinations of connecting hose diameters and lengths. Subsequently air flow rates are measured with selected clean hoses on an engine steady state test bench. It is found in the initial tests that the lengths and diameters of optimum hoses deviate from the AVL BOOST predicted optimum geometric dimensions. Analysis of test data and measurement systems is done to find out the possible reasons for mis-match between the predictions and measurements in order to improve the airflow rates on actual engine.…
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