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Prasad, Shivdayal
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Physical and Virtual Simulation of Lightweight Brake Drum Design for Heavy Duty Commercial Vehicles Using Alternate Material Technologies

VE Commercial Vehicles Ltd.-Suresh Kumar Kandreegula, Himanshu Deshmukh, Shivdayal Prasad, Sonu Paroche, Ashesh Anil Shah
Published 2018-10-05 by SAE International in United States
Brake drum in commercial vehicles is very important aggregate contributing towards major weight in brake system module. The main function of brake drum is to dissipate kinetic energy of vehicle into thermal energy, as a results in braking operation major load comes on brake drum. Hence this is very critical component for vehicle safety and stability [1].Objective of this paper is to increase the pay load, which is utmost important parameter for commercial vehicle end customers. To achieve the light weighing target, alternate materials such as Spheroidal graphite iron (SGI) has been evaluated for development of brake drum. Many critical parameters in terms of reliability, safety and durability, thickness of hub, wheel loading, heat generation on drum, manufacturing and assembly process are taken into consideration. The sensitivity of these parameters is studied for optimum design, could be chosen complying each other’s values.Digital thermal performance evaluated in house, fine-tuned and verified by correlating with test data available for existing cast iron design and then applied for new design with alternate materials. In two different designs around…
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Innovative Approach of Wedge Washer to Avoid Bolt Loosening in Automotive Applications

SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems

VE Commercial Vehicles Ltd.-Suresh Kumar Kandreegula, Rahul Jain, Shivdayal Prasad, Rahul Machiya, Avinash Mandyam
  • Journal Article
  • 06-11-01-0004
Published 2017-10-08 by SAE International in United States
Automotive vehicle includes various systems like engine, transmission, exhaust, air intake, cooling and many more systems. No doubt the performance of individual system depends upon their core design. But for performance, the system needs to be fastened properly. In automotive, most of the joints used fasteners which helps in serviceability of the components. There are more than thousands of fasteners used in the vehicle. At various locations, we found issue of bolt loosening and because of this design intent performance has not met by the system. During product development of ECS (Engine cooling system), various issues reported to loosening the bolt. The pre-mature failure of bolt loosening, increases the interest in young engineers for understanding the behavior of fastener in vehicle running conditions. This paper focuses on the design of wedge shape of washer to avoid bolt loosening. Further, the paper is reinforced with FEA simulation for understanding the behavior of the bolt loosening. The joint in ECS is tested experimentally and FE simulated using simulation tools with various methods under different vibration conditions like…
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FEM based Approach for Design and Development of Exhaust System Flex Connector and Experimentally Validated

VE Commercial Vehicles Ltd.-Suresh Kumar Kandreegula, Sayak Mukherjee, Rahul Jain, Shivdayal Prasad, Kamal Rohilla
Published 2017-03-28 by SAE International in United States
Flex Connectors are intended for mitigating the relative movement of exhaust system components along the axis of the system arising from the thermal expansion due to intermittent engine operation. Flex connectors must not be installed in locations, where they will be subjected to destructive vibration. Hence, the stiffness of the flex connector plays an important role, while designing or selecting the right design.It consists of a multi-ply bellows combined with an inside and an outside steel braid. The liner is included to reduce the temperature of the bellows and improve flow conditions. The braid is included for mechanical protection and to limit the possible extension of the joint. It has only axial translational motion.Instead of conventional approach, Finite Element Method has been adopted to align the project time plan (design and development time), to predict the static and dynamic stress levels along with the vertical, lateral and torsional frequencies for defining the design parameters (stiffness) of the flex connector suitable for the operating environment. Then, this flex connector has been tested under VECV standard durability…
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Commercial Vehicles Muffler Volume Optimization using CFD Simulation

VE Commercial Vehicles Limited-Ashok Patidar, Shivdayal Prasad, Umashanker Gupta, Mohan Subbarao
Published 2014-09-30 by SAE International in United States
In today's competitive world, vehicle with light weighting is the most focused area. Vehicle light weighting can be done either by using light weight materials or by reducing the size of the existing components. In present paper later approach of vehicle light weighting is followed. It will help in design lay outing and reduce weight will add benefit to Fuel Efficiency (FE) too.Scope for light weighting is identified in exhaust system where muffler volume is optimized using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) commercial tool FLUENT™. The back pressure, exhaust gas temperature, sound noise level & sound quality are chosen as design verification parameters. The muffler volume is reduced by 14.1%; resultant system become 14.1% compact with 2% lighter weight.Initially CFD analysis is performed on existing muffler and correlated with available test results. Accordingly parameters like pressure drop and flow induced noise are set as target values for new design.Same CFD analysis process is used to find the optimum solution among the series of options available. Optimized design took the shape of proto sample and test results…
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