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Sensitivity Analysis of the Combustion Parameters in a Stratified HCCI Engine with Regard to Performance and Emission

Mazandaran University of Science and Tech-Mohsen Pourfallah, Mahboud Armin
Published 2019-09-09 by SAE International in United States
Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) is a promised solution to environmental and fuel economy concerns for IC engines. Engine application for HCCI engine depends on an array of parameters such as fuel type, mixture composition, intake condition and engine specification, meaning that controlling an HCCI engine can only be done through the adjustment of these parameters. In this numerical study which is driven from an experimental work, thermal and charge stratification is used to control HCCI combustion. The effect of intake temperature, compression ratio, intake pressure, EGR, reformer gas (CO-H2 mixture) and glow plug temperature on engine performance and emission was investigated using a 3D model on AVL-FIRE parallel with 1D model on GT-Power software. Then AHP model as a Multiple Attribute Decision Making method has been used to analyze the sensitivity of these parameters on performance and emission. Results indicate that increasing intake temperature causes the operating condition approaches knock which results in a narrower operating region. Increasing EGR ratio makes possible the expanding of operating range rich limit since it causes delayed combustion…
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Numerical Investigation on the Spray Characteristics and Combustion Process in a DI Diesel Engine at Reduced Temperature Combustion Condition

Babol Noshirvani University of Tech-Bahram Jafari , Ghasem Javadirad, Mohsen Pourfallah
University of Urmia-Hassan Khatamnezhad, Shahram Khalilarya, Samad Jafarmadar
Published 2011-09-11 by SAE International in United States
In this paper, reduced temperature combustion has been investigated at high load condition of a direct injection diesel engine. A three dimensional CFD model for flow field, spray, spray-wall interactions, combustion and emissions formation processes have been used to carry out the computations. The combined effect of EGR temperature and EGR rate is analyzed to choose by consideration of engine performance. Then, the effect of injection timing and injection pressure is investigated to the improvement of mixture formation at high engine load condition. It reveals that combustion temperature is dramatically decreased by the increase of cold EGR to 25% rate. This characteristic influences on the increase of the liquid spray penetration and the decrease of indicated mean effective pressure (IMEP) and NOx emission associated with the increase of soot emission. Advance injection timing and high injection pressure together with applying 25% EGR lead to simultaneous reduction in NOx and soot formation compared with the base engine condition.
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EGR and Intake Charge Temperature Effects on Dual-Fuel HCCI Combustion and Emissions Characteristics

Babol Noshirvani University of Tech-Mohsen Pourfallah, Ghasem Javadirad
Iran Heavy Duty Diesel Engine Mfg. Co-Morteza Fathi, Javad Kheyrollahi
Published 2011-09-11 by SAE International in United States
Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion is a hybrid concept of compression and spark ignition combustions. It is a promised solution to environmental and fuel economy concerns for internal combustion engines. In this mode of combustion, a lean premixed charge combusts simultaneously from multiple sites. Utilizing very lean mixtures, and the lack of any obvious flame propagation, considerably reduces in-cylinder NOx formation. In order to make the HCCI engine a feasible alternative to the SI and CI engines, several items must be elucidated. Control of the combustion timing is one of the most important of these items to be resolved. Combustion timing should be controlled in order that heat is released at the best time in the engine cycle. In this study, a Waukesha CFR single cylinder research engine with variable EGR was used to be operated in HCCI combustion mode fueled by natural gas and n-heptane. The main goal of the experiments was to make an attempt to control the combustion timing and duration by studying different approaches such as varying EGR rates, intake…
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