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Combustion Robustness Characterization of Gasoline and E85 for Startability in a Direct Injection Spark-Ignition Engine

GM Powertrain-Halim Santoso, Craig Marriott
Michigan Technological Univ-Vaibhav Kale, Jeremy Worm, Jeffrey Naber
Published 2012-04-16 by SAE International in United States
An experimental study and analysis was conducted to investigate cold start robustness of an ethanol flex-fuel spark ignition (SI) direct injection (DI) engine. Cold starting with ethanol fuel blends is a known challenge due to the fuel characteristics. The program was performed to investigate strategies to reduce the enrichment requirements for the first firing cycle during a cold start. In this study a single-cylinder SIDI research engine was used to investigate gasoline and E85 fuels which were tested with three piston configurations (CR11F, CR11B, CR15.5B - which includes changes in compression ratio and piston geometry), at three intake cam positions (95, 110, 125 °aTDC), and two fuel pressures (low: 0.4 MPa and high: 3.0 MPa) at 25°C±1°C engine and air temperature, for the first cycle of an engine start. The goal of this work was to simulate, test and investigate the engine's initial combustion cycle (1st fired cycle) including engine speed, manifold pressure, fuel pressure and ambient temperature (FTP testing temperature). The results revealed several trends with respect to hardware and fuel interactions: for gasoline,…
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