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Multidisciplinary Design Analysis and Optimization of Aerospace Composites

Charles Lu
  • Progress In Technology (PT)
  • PT-201
Published 2019-04-30 by SAE International in United States
Multidisciplinary Design and Optimization of Aerospace Composite Materials is a collection of ten SAE technical papers focusing on the design analysis of aerospace composite structures from the perspective of various disciplines. The book concentrates on the following aspects: • Analytical methods for weight design of aircraft structures, including a parametric geometry model capable of generating dedicated models for both aerodynamic and structural solvers. • Methodologies for evaluating the structural performance of carbon/epoxy composite panels. • An aerodynamic design of flexible wings made of composite structures. • Thermal design and analysis of composite enclosures. • Methodologies for analyzing the acoustic performance of composite structures, including the design optimization method to evaluate the acoustic performance in terms of transmission loss (TL) of various composite panels. • The lightening effect on composites, presenting a theoretical method to compute the electrical current propagating through composite structures due to lightning strikes. • The issue of fire resistance as most polymer resins are flammable once the respective ignition temperatures are reached. • A probabilistic-based reliability analysis of the composite structures. The…
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Damage and Repair of Aerospace Composite Materials

Charles Lu
  • Progress In Technology (PT)
  • PT-200
Published 2019-04-30 by SAE International in United States
Damage and Repair of Aerospace Composite Materials reports the latest developments on the detection and repair of composite structures from the perspective of ten SAE technical papers, especially chosen for this book. This micro-collection of papers offers an overview of composite utilization on large-scale commercial aircraft as well as an outline of general damage inspection and repair of composite structures. On the damage detection side, really important techniques are explained, including: • Porosity inspection of large composite panels. • Damage detection of large composites using acoustic ultrasonic and radio frequency methods. • Discrimination of damaged and undamaged composite panels using acoustic emission sensors. • Automated defect inspection system integrated in the production line by utilizing laser sensors and cameras. The latest studies in damage repair of composite structures are also presented, including: • the design of a bonded repair technique for multilayer laminate composite panels. • the analysis on the performance of bolted repair vs. bonded repair. • the method for economically repairing the holes on composites. • the development of a novel cutting tool…
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Materials and Process Modeling of Aerospace Composites

Charles Lu
  • Progress In Technology (PT)
  • PT-202
Published 2019-04-30 by SAE International in United States
Since the successful production of carbon fibers in early 1960s, composite materials have emerged as the materials of choice for general aviation aircraft, military aircraft, space launch vehicles, and unmanned air vehicles. This has revolutionized the aerospace industry due to their excellent mechanical and physical properties, as well as weight-reducing ability. The next- generation material development model should operate in an integrated computational environment, where new material development, manufacturability, and product design practice are seamlessly interconnected. Materials and Process Modeling of Aerospace Composites reports recent developments on materials and processes of aerospace composites by using computational modeling, covering the following aspects: • The historical uses of composites in aerospace industry, documenting in detail the early usage of composite materials on Premier I by Raytheon to recent full-scale applications of composites on large commercial aircraft by Boeing and Airbus. • An overview on the classifications of composites used in aerospace industry, ranging from conventional glass- fiber reinforced composites to advanced graphene nanocomposites. • The recent work on computational material engineering on aerospace composite materials, including fundamental…
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Composites in Automotive Applications set

Charles Lu
Clemson Univ.-Srikanth Pilla
  • Progress In Technology (PT)
  • PT-164.SET3
Published 2015-09-10 by SAE International in United States
This set consists of three books, Design of Automotive Composites, CAE Design and Failure Analysis of Automotive Composites, and Biocomposites in Automotive Applications all developed by Dr. Charles Lu and Dr. Srikanth Pilla. Design of Automotive Composites reports successful designs of automotive composites occurred recently in this arena, CAE Design and Failure Analysis of Automotive Composites focuses on the latest use of CAE (Computer-Aided Engineering) methods in design and failure analysis of composite materials and structures, and Biocomposites in Automotive Applications, focuses on processing and characterization of biocomposites, their application in the automotive industry and new perspectives on automotive sustainability. Together, they are a focused collection providing the reader with must-read technical papers, hand-picked by the editors, supporting the growing importance of the use of composites in the ground vehicle industry. Dr. Charles Lu is H.E. Katterjohn Professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Kentucky and an associate editor of SAE International Journal of Materials and Manufacturing. Dr. Srikanth Pilla is an assistant professor in the Department of Automotive Engineering at Clemson University, and…
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Biocomposites in Automotive Applications

Charles Lu
Clemson Univ.-Srikanth Pilla
  • Progress In Technology (PT)
  • PT-165
Published 2015-08-13 by SAE International in United States
The automotive sector has taken a keen interest in lightweighting as new required performance standards for fuel economy come into place. This strategy includes parts consolidation, design optimization, and material substitution, with sustainable polymers playing a major role in reducing a vehicle’s weight. Sustainable polymers are largely biodegradable, biocompatible, and sourced from renewable plant and agricultural stocks. A facile way to enhance their properties, so they can indeed replace the ones made from fossil fuels, is by reinforcing them with fibers to make composites. Natural fibers are gaining more acceptance in the industry due to their renewable nature, low cost, low density, low energy consumption, high specific strength and stiffness, CO2 sequestration potential, biodegradability, and less wear imposed on machinery. Biocomposites then become a very feasible way to help address the fuel consumption challenge ahead of us. This book, entitled Biocomposites in Automotive Applications, is segmented into three sections and includes eleven hand-picked technical papers covering: • Processing and characterization of biocomposites • Automotive applications of biocomposites • A perspective on automotive sustainability It is…
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CAE Design and Failure Analysis of Automotive Composites

Charles Lu
Clemson Univ.-Srikanth Pilla
  • Progress In Technology (PT)
  • PT-166
Published 2014-12-03 by SAE International in United States
Composites are now extensively used in applications where outstanding mechanical properties are necessary in combination with weight savings, due to their highly tunable microstructure and mechanical properties. These properties present great potential for part integration, which results in lower manufacturing costs and faster time to market. Composites also have a high level of styling flexibility in terms of deep drawn panel, which goes beyond what can be achieved with metal stampings. The so-called multifunctional or smart composites provide significant benefits to the vehicles as compared to the traditional materials that only have monotonic properties. CAE Design and Failure Analysis of Automotive Composites focuses on the latest use of CAE (Computer-Aided Engineering) methods in design and failure analysis of composite materials and structures, beginning with a brief introduction to the design and failure analysis of composite materials, and then presenting some recent, innovative CAE design examples of composite structures by engineers from major CAE developers and automobile OEMs and suppliers. This title brings together 12 SAE technical papers, carefully selected by the editors covering three main…
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Design of Automotive Composites

Charles Lu
Clemson Univ.-Srikanth Pilla
  • Progress In Technology (PT)
  • PT-164
Published 2014-08-04 by SAE International in United States
Design of Automotive Composites reports that successful designs of automotive composites occurred recently in this arena. The chapters consist of eleven technical papers selected from the Automotive Composites and other relevant sessions that the editors have been organizing for the SAE International World Congress over the past five years. The book is divided into four sections: o Body Structures o Powertrain Components o Suspension Components o Electrical and Alternative Vehicle Components The composite design examples presented in Design of Automotive Composites come from the major OEMs and top-tier suppliers and are most relevant to the automotive materials challenges currently faced by the industry. Many of the innovative ideas have already been implemented on existing or new model vehicles, although a great deal of innovation is still in the works. With the advantage of supporting lightweighting and faster time to market, there is little doubt that composite materials can provide many tangible benefits and will become, over time, the material of choice for automakers.
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