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Basic technical requirements for ballistic safety to guarantee the quality of civilian automotive armoring services in Brazil

Polytechnic School of University of Sao Paulo-Guido Muzio Candido, Paulo Carlos Kaminski
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-36-0329
Published 2020-01-13 by SAE International in United States
Brazil is the largest civilian armored vehicle market in the world with more than 16,000 new protected units produced in 2018, followed by Mexico with 7,000 automobiles, according to Brazilian Army (BA) data. In this context, this paper presents an overview of Brazilian market for civilian vehicle armoring, definitions and characteristics of transparent and opaque ballistic resistance protective materials according to U. S. Department of Justice, the National Institute of Justice, NIJ Standard 0108.01. Based on this premises, the paper addresses basic technical requirements for ballistic safety in design and process to guarantee minimum quality of armoring services. The purpose of this paper is to safeguard the original features and functionality of the automotive components while simultaneously providing recommended ballistic protection of the vehicle with quality. The adoption of minimum automotive quality management system requirements from IATF 16949 International Automotive Task Force, in armoring services with different types of vehicle models and brands, will encourage to reduce tack time production, to improve vehicle armored quality, to reduce final reworks, to keep original equipment guarantees, to…
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Open innovation practices in the automotive industry: an exploratory comparison between Brazil and France

Escola Politécnica da Universidade de São Paulo, Polytechniq-Rafael Marin, Paulo Carlos Kaminski, Fabiano Armellini, Antoine Bouchardy
Published 2018-09-03 by SAE International in United States
A decade and a half after its conception, Open Innovation (OI) is still a growing topic in the academic community. The automotive industry, however, is no stranger to the subject and activities that are now known as OI practices have been an integral part to automotive new product development activities for decades. The purpose of the present study is to analyze how open innovation occurs in the automotive industry and to compare exploratory results between Brazil's and France's automaker industries. The study introduces a brief literature review concerning the topics of Product Development Process (PDP) and OI, paving the path towards the analyzed constructs. The chosen research approach was that of a survey, with 57 responses from Brazilian automakers and 15 from French. Questions were designed and then analyzed under three main constructs: barriers and perceived risks in implementing OI projects, the main actors involved in OI, and the main OI activities or practices performed by those companies. After an overview of the results, the study also presents a comparative and critical analysis, providing insight…
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From Embedded Systems (ES) to Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS): An Analysis of Transitory Stage of Automotive Manufacturing in the Industry 4.0 Scenario

Escola Politécnica da Universidade de São Paulo (EPUSP)-Paulo Carlos Kaminski
Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC)-Guilherme Canuto da Silva
Published 2016-10-25 by SAE International in United States
Automotive industries are undergoing a transformation of their manufacturing systems. Called by the German government as Industrie 4.0, this transformation is based on the evolution of traditional Embedded Systems-ES to Cyber-Physical Systems-CPS. In the next years such evolution will have to reach transitory stages, where ES and CPS should coexist for a determined period of time (ES-CPS). Based on this projection, this work compares ES with CPS, identifies the main differences between these systems and thus forms a transitory stage of automotive manufacturing for the next years. The work is structured as follows: Introduction section places the reader on the treated subject and presents the methodology of the work. Later, Industrie 4.0, Embedded Systems (ES) and Cyber-Physical systems (CPS) are defined. Once this is done, the analysis of ES-CPS transition is finished. Analysis results are presented and a representation of ES-CPS transition is proposed. The work is finished with conclusions and recommendations for future developments.
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A Study on the Causes of Recall in Automotive Vehicles Marketed in Brazil

University of São Paulo - Escola Politécnica-Emilio C. Baraldi, Paulo Carlos Kaminski
Published 2016-10-25 by SAE International in United States
The competition among automotive industries increases each year worldwide. Among their diverse needs, what can be highlighted are: market expansion, model diversification, competitive prices, customer-recognized quality, new products release in shorter time periods, among others. The occurrence of flaws that might compromise the health or safety of the product’s user is admittedly one of the largest issues for any manufacturer, especially if these flaws are identified after its commercialization (recall). In this work, a study on recall in the automotive industry in the Brazilian market will be presented, comprising the years of 2013 and 2014. Reasons and causes of recall are addressed, based on the sample of the aforementioned research, with special emphasis on flaws derived from the production process. The conclusion at the end of the work is that the final assembly in the automotive manufacturing process is what requires more attention from engineering area. This is due to its intrinsic importance for the final product quality, as well as for a reduction of potential flaws that can cause a recall.
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Usage of Digital Factory in the Analysis of Automotive Production Scenarios: Available Software and Resources

Escola Politécnica da Universidade de São Paulo (EPUSP)-Guilherme Canuto da Silva, Paulo Carlos Kaminski, Gabriel Erwin Gruber
Published 2014-09-30 by SAE International in United States
The Digital Factory (DF) can be defined as a set of computational software applied in the manufacturing design, development, implementation and operation. The goal of this work is to investigate DF's available resources in the analysis of workforce and machinery required for changes in the production scenarios in a determined automobile model. Therefore, a theoretical framework is developed. Afterwards, there is an investigation of the resources available for this application, actually commercialized by the three main software supply companies for DF. The results of the research are presented and discussed. Suggestions for future developments are identified, and the work is finished with the pertinent considerations.
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Product and Process Development Using the Lean Thinking Principles in an Automotive Industry

Universidade de São Paulo-Emilio C. Baraldi, Paulo Carlos Kaminski
Published 2014-09-30 by SAE International in United States
The competition among automotive industries increases each year worldwide. Traditional industries as well as traditional markets end up becoming the target for expansion of new global industries. It can be stated that automotive industries dedicate special attention to lean thinking and Toyota Production System (TPS). This attention is not by chance as, in doing so, these companies obtain competitive advantages over their competitors, such as: improved profitability, higher negotiation margin, the possibility of applying lower selling prices of their products, among others. This study aims to present several waste examples, as well as many activities that regularly occur within the production process of automotive industries (some both in product and process design). These activities form part of the final cost of the vehicle although without adding value to the final product for the customer. This study ends presenting evaluations to be considered in order to eliminate or at least reduce waste.
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Implementation of ABS System on an Existing Heavy Trucks Line-up in Accordance to Brazilian Resolution No. 312/09 (CONTRAN)

Escola Politecnica da Universidade de Sao Paulo-Guilherme Canuto da Silva, Paulo Carlos Kaminski
Ford Motor Co.-Paula Driussi Perrotta
Published 2012-10-02 by SAE International in United States
The automotive industry has been increasingly researching and working on improving vehicle and passenger safety over the years. Following countries such as the United States and European Union, the Brazilian government has been publishing many resolutions with the objective of improving the safety of their fleet. With the publication of resolution 312 from CONTRAN (National Traffic Counsel), on April 3rd, 2009, the installation of ABS (Anti-lock Brake System) feature has become mandatory for all car and truck models to be sold in Brazil, following a staggered implementation starting on January 1st, 2010. The ABS system adds to the vehicle's current brake system, not allowing the wheels to lock during braking, which helps preserve the vehicle's stability and improve its safety, thus avoiding accidents. The technology, which is already available in a few car models, is not yet developed for the heavy trucks applications in this market. The aim of this article is to present the implementation of the ABS system on an existing heavy truck line-up for the Brazilian market.This work presents the background of…
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Proposal of Technical Interface among Product Engineering, Manufacturing Engineering and Production Engineering, as an Aid to Automotive Product Development Process

Escola Politecnica da Universidade de Sao Paulo-Guilherme Canuto da Silva, Paulo Carlos Kaminski
Published 2012-10-02 by SAE International in United States
Concurrent engineering principles have been almost universally adopted as the ideal solution to the reduction in time for products development. Even with concurrency practice, the lack of interaction among the professionals is still present in some stages of the product development process (PDP). This lack of interaction, or gap, may be observed in the three macro-phases of PDP: macro-phase of product strategy (PS); macro-phase of product and process development (PPD); macro-phase of production and continuous improvement (PCI). The present work aims to propose a methodology, denominated Technical Interface (TI), as an aid to automotive product development process (Automotive-PDP). This methodology can contribute to the engineering departments in charge of PS; PPD and PCI for the update and preservation of technical information about product; process, and production, during all the Automotive-PDP.
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Rapid Prototyping Applied to Parts Used in Static Tests of Racks for Packing and Transporting Automobile Parts

Universidade de São Paulo-Paulo Carlos Kaminski
Volkswagen do Brasil Ltda-Guilherme Canuto da Silva
Published 2007-11-28 by SAE International in United States
This work was motivated by the specific needs of a materials flow and packing planning sector (PFME), within a manufacturing engineering department of a vehicle assembly company in Brazil. In this sector, there is a growing need to obtain prototype parts in the shortest time and at the lowest cost possible in order to carry out static prototype tests of the special packing and transportation racks used in this company, since these racks need to be ready to assist the preparation phase of the series production of the vehicle. The objective of this work is to survey the academic theory and the existing literature in order to find an application proposal of rapid prototyping (RP) techniques to make the parts used in the rack tests, thus reducing time and acquisition costs. For that purpose, some limiting conditions were considered: first, the application of the RP technique is limited to the external parts of the vehicle, such as doors, front and back hoods, and fenders; second, the consulted suppliers should be available in the domestic market.…
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Global Vehicle Architectures Development in the Automotive Industry

Escola Politécnica da Universidade de São Paulo-Paulo Carlos Kaminski
Product Engineer General Motors do Brasil-Catia da Silva Ferreira
Published 2007-11-28 by SAE International in United States
Competition among car makers increases each day, as such companies look forward to launching new vehicle models which meet the different consumer niche. As a result, developing different vehicles simultaneously is a market requirement, and doing so might lead to increased production costs in case no appropriate developing and launching strategy is applied. Upon this scenario, the platform strategy has been a practice among car makers for decades and has promoted both standardization and reuse of vehicle components and systems. The most recent global architecture strategy has been used by some of the world car makers, combining communization and standardization to increased flexibility if compared to the conventional platform, which represents a higher number of derivative vehicles as well. The objective of this work is to identify the relevant variables taken into consideration when selecting an appropriate strategy for developing a new global vehicle.
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