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Ding, Zhi
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Optimization of the Aerodynamic Lift and Drag of LYNK&CO 03+ with Simulation and Wind Tunnel Test

Dassault Systemes(Shanghai) Information Technology Co.-Weiliang Xie, Bo Li, Xiaowei Zhao
Geely Automobile Research Institute-Qian Feng, Biaoneng Luo, Huixiang Zhang, Hong Peng, Zhenying Zhu, Zhi Ding, Ling Zhu
  • Technical Paper
  • 2020-01-0672
To be published on 2020-04-14 by SAE International in United States
Based on the first sedan of the LYNK&CO brand from Geely, the high-performance configuration equipped with an additional aerodynamic package was developed. The aerodynamic package including front wheel deflectors, front lip, side skirts, rear spoiler, and rear diffuser, was required to be upgraded to generate enough aerodynamic downforce for better handling stability, without compromising the aerodynamic drag of the vehicle too much to keep a low fuel consumption.Starting from the baseline configuration of the aerodynamics package provided by the design studio, the components were optimized for aerodynamic drag and lift using the simulation approach with PowerFLOW in combination with a design space exploration method. As a result, the targets for the aerodynamic coefficients of the vehicle and in particular a good trade-off between lift and drag were achieved. Wind tunnel testing was involved to calibrate the simulation results at the beginning and to validate the optimized design at the end of the aerodynamic development. A consistently good agreement between the simulation and experiment was achieved.
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Road Noise Evaluation by Sound Quality Simulation Module

Geely Automobile Research Institute-Perry Gu, Jie Mao, Zhidong Chen, Zhi Ding, Lei Cheng, Zhenying Zhu, Hong Peng
  • Technical Paper
  • 2020-01-1275
To be published on 2020-04-14 by SAE International in United States
An objective evaluation of sound quality is a technical bridge connecting sound pressure level (SPL) and human auditory sensation. In this paper, an algorithm is proposed for calculating objective evaluation parameters of sound quality (including loudness, sharpness and articulation index), considering acoustic characteristics of human external ear, middle ear and inner ear to reflect auditory sensation. A sound quality simulation (SQS) module is coded according to the algorithm. The module is used for evaluating sound quality of road noise from an SUV in three steps. Firstly, interior noise is predicted by integrating finite-element method (FEM), hybrid FE-SEA method, and statistical energy analysis (SEA) for low frequency (20~315 Hz), medium frequency (315~500 Hz), and high frequency (>500 Hz) in 1/3 octave band, respectively. The predicted interior noise SPLs are compared with the measured results, with deviations less than 3dB in average. Secondly, the sound quality parameters are calculated using the predicted SPLs in the SQS module. The predicted and measured loudness, sharpness, and articulation index are compared, with average deviations less than 5%. Finally, the predicted…