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Edge-Quality Effects on Mechanical Properties of Stamped Non-Oriented Electrical Steel

General Motors LLC-Peggy Jones, Margarita Thompson, Yew Sum Leong, Paul Crepeau
General Motors Technical Center India-Virupakshappa Lakkonavar, Swaroop Kavi
  • Technical Paper
  • 2020-01-1072
To be published on 2020-04-14 by SAE International in United States
The market for electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles is expected to grow in the coming years, which is increasing interest in design optimization of electric motors for automotive applications. Under demanding duty cycles, the moving part within a motor, the rotor, may experience varying stresses induced by centrifugal force, a necessary condition for fatigue.Rotors contain hundreds of electrical steel laminations produced by stamping, which creates a characteristic edge structure comprising rollover, shear and tear zones, plus a burr. Fatigue properties are commonly reported with specimens having polished edges. Since surface condition is known to affect fatigue strength, an experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of sample preparation on tensile and fatigue behavior of stamped specimens.Tensile properties were unaffected by polishing. In contrast, polishing was shown to increase fatigue strength by approximately 10-20% in the range of 105-107 cycles to failure.