Laminar Burning Velocities of Diluted Stoichiometric Hydrogen/Air Mixtures



WCX SAE World Congress Experience
Authors Abstract
Since its implementation, exhaust gas recirculation has proven to be a reliable technique to control NOx emissions by lowering combustion temperature. Dilution with exhaust gas recirculation, whether in internal combustion engines or sequential-staged gas turbine combustors, affects flame reactivity and stability, which are related to the heat release rate and engine power. Another way to control emissions is to use hydrogen as a carbon-free alternative fuel, which is considered a milestone in the energy-decarbonization journey. However, the high reactivity of hydrogen is one of its hurdles and understanding this effect on laminar burning velocity is important. Flame propagation and burning velocity control the mixture reactivity and exothermicity and are related to abnormal combustion phenomena, such as flashback and knock. Therefore, understanding the effect of exhaust gas addition on the laminar burning velocity of hydrogen/air mixtures is imperative for engine design. In this work, a constant volume combustion chamber was used to observe the laminar burning velocity of stoichiometric hydrogen/air mixtures diluted with combustion products at 1 bar and 423K. Actual combustion products (35 % H2O + 65 % N2, by mole) were used for dilution at rates of 0-50%. The burned gas Markstein length was calculated for all mixtures. Experimental results of the laminar burning velocities for all mixtures were compared with kinetic modeling results. These measurements showed the monotonic reduction of reactivity and the laminar burning velocity with dilution. The reduced burning rates at higher dilution were reflected on the pressure gradient inside the vessel. Markstein length values decreased with dilution, meaning that flame instabilities increased with dilution.
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Barain, A., Trombley, G., Duva, B., and Toulson, E., "Laminar Burning Velocities of Diluted Stoichiometric Hydrogen/Air Mixtures," SAE Technical Paper 2023-01-0331, 2023,
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Apr 11, 2023
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Technical Paper