This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Cold Temperature Effects on Spark Plug Performance
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published October 19, 1998 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Fouling spark plugs on an internal combustion engine is greatly influenced by cold temperatures, especially at older assembly plants where the vehicle is moved several times because of discontinuities in the assembly line. To transition the vehicle, the operator starts the vehicle, places it in drive and accelerates rapidly, then shuts the vehicle off. This process only lasts ten to fifteen seconds and does not allow the spark plug or engine to get to a high enough operating temperature to evaporate away the fuel, which fouls the spark plugs. A spark plug fouling test is devised and is used to investigate which properties of fuel play the most significant anti-fouling role. Some additives believed to have anti-fouling properties will also be investigated to determine their significance. The anti-fouling fuel will then be implemented at the assembly plants.
CitationJawad, B. and Sobolak, S., "Cold Temperature Effects on Spark Plug Performance," SAE Technical Paper 982725, 1998, https://doi.org/10.4271/982725.
- Servati, H.B. Aquino, C.F. 1982 “A Physically Based Wall Wetting Model to Predict Induction System Dynamics of Gasoline Engine,” ASME Paper No. AMD-Vol. 80/OSC-Vol. 2
- Francis, R.J. Woolacott, P.N. 1981 “Prospects for improved Fuel economy and fuel flexibility in road vehicles,” Energy Paper No. 45, Department of Energy HSMO London
- Brown, C.N. Ladommatos, N. 1991 “The effects of mixture preparation and trapped residuals on the performance of a port-injected Spark-ignition engine at low load and load speed,” Proc. I. Mech. E. 205
- Servati, H.B. Yuen, W.W. 1982 “Deposition of fuel Droplets in Horizontal Intake Manifolds and the Behavior of Fuel Film Flow on its Walls,” SAE Paper No. 820239
- Palmer, F. H. 1986 “Vehicle performance of gasoline containing oxygenates,” Paper C319/86, Int. Conf. Petroleum Based Fuels and Automotive Applications
- Palmer, F. H. Smith, A. M. 1985 “The performance and specifications of Gasoline,” Technology of gasoline Blackwell Scientific Publications Oxford
- Watson, N. 1979 “Combustion Gas Properties,” Internal Report Dept of Mechanical Engineering Imperial College of Science and Technology London
- Goodger, E. M. 1975 “Hydrocarbon fuels,” Macmillan London
- Lydon, D. 1986 “Knock and cyclic dispersion in a spark ignition engine,” Petroleum Based Fuels and Automotive Applications, I. Mech. E. Conf. Proc. MEP London