This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Effects of Gasoline Composition on Vehicle Engine-Out and Tailpipe Hydrocarbon Emissions - The Auto/Oil Air Quality Improvement Research Program
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1992 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
In this pilot study conducted by the Auto/Oil Air Quality Improvement Research Program, engine-out and tailpipe speciated hydrocarbon emissions were obtained for three vehicles operated over the Federal Test Procedure on two different fuels, both of which were speciated. The fates of the fuel species were traced across the engine and across the catalyst, and relationships were developed between engine-out and tailpipe hydrocarbon emissions and fuel composition. These relationships allowed separating the fuel's contribution to engine-out and tailpipe hydrocarbon emissions into two parts, unreacted fuel and partial oxidation products. Specific ozone reactivities and toxic air pollutants were analyzed for both engine-out and tailpipe emissions. Vehicle-to-vehicle, fuel-to-fuel, and bag-to-bag differences have been highlighted.
CitationLeppard, W., Rapp, L., Burns, V., Gorse, R. et al., "Effects of Gasoline Composition on Vehicle Engine-Out and Tailpipe Hydrocarbon Emissions - The Auto/Oil Air Quality Improvement Research Program," SAE Technical Paper 920329, 1992, https://doi.org/10.4271/920329.
SAE 1992 Transactions: Journal of Fuels & Lubricants
Number: V101-4 ; Published: 1993-09-01
Number: V101-4 ; Published: 1993-09-01
- Hochhauser, A.M., Benson, J.D., Burns, V., Gorse, R.A., Koehl, W.J., Painter, L.J., Rippon, B.H., Reuter, R.M., and Rutherford, J.A., “The Effect of Aromatics, MTBE, Olefins, and T90 on Mass Exhaust Emissions from Current and Older Vehicles - The Auto/Oil Air Quality Improvement Research Program”, SAE Paper # 912322, Toronto, Canada, 1991.
- Gorse, R.A., Benson, J.D., Burns, V., Hochhauser, A.M., Koehl, W.J., Reuter, R.M., and Rippon, B.H., “Toxic Air Pollutant Vehicle Exhaust Emissions with Reformulated Gasolines and Methanol/Gasoline Blends” SAE Paper # 912324, Toronto, Canada, 1991.
- Benson, J.D., Burns, V., Gorse, R.A., Hochhauser, A.M., Koehl, W.J., and Reuter, R.M., “The Effect of Gasoline Sulfur Level on Automotive Exhaust Emissions”, SAE Paper # 912323, Toronto, Canada, 1991.
- , “Air Quality Modeling Results for Reformulated Gasolines in Year 2005/2010”, Technical Bulletin No. 3, Auto/Oil Air Quality Improvement Research Program, May, 1991.
- Reuter, R.M., Benson, J.D., Burns, V.R., Gorse, R.A., Hochhauser, A.M., Koehl, W.J., and Painter, L.J., “Effects of Oxygenated Fuels and RVP on Automotive Emissions”, SAE Paper #920326, Detroit, MI, 1992.
- Hochhauser, A.M., Benson, J.D., Burns, V.R., Gorse, R.A., Koehl, W.J., Painter, L.J., and Reuter, R.M., “Speciation and Calculated Reactivity of Exhaust Emissions and Their Relation to Fuel Properties”, SAE Paper #920325, Detroit, MI, 1992.
- Koehl, W.J., “Effects of Gasoline Composition and Properties on Vehicle Emissions: A Review of Prior Studies”, SAE Paper #912321, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 1991.
- Gerry, F.S., McNally, M.J., Schubert, A.J., and Pahl, R.H., “Test Fuels Formulation and Analyses”, SAE Paper #920324, Detroit, MI, 1992.
- Jensen, T.E., Siegel, W.O., Richert, J.F.O., Lipari, F., Loo, J.F., Prostak, A., and Sigsby, J. E., “Advanced Emission Speciation Methodologies - I. Hydrocarbons and Ethers”, SAE Paper #920320, Detroit, MI, 1992.
- Swarin, S.J., Loo, J.F., Chlabek, E., Drouillard, M.S., Tejada, S. B., “Advanced Emission Speciation Methodologies - II. Aldehydes Ketones, and Alcohols”, SAE Paper #920321, Detroit, MI, 1992.
- Nelson, P.F. and Quigley, S.M., “The Hydrocarbon Composition of Exhaust Emitted from Gasoline Fuelled Vehicles”, Atm. Environ., 18, 79-87 (1984).
- Black, F.M., High, L.E., and Lang, J.M., “Composition of Automotive Evaporative and Tailpipe Hydrocarbon Emissions”, J. Air Pollution Control Assn., 30, 1216-1221, (1980).
- Brezinsky, K., “The High-Temperature Oxidation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons”, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 12, 1-24 (1986).
- Seizinger, D.E., Marshall, W.F., Cox, F.W., and Boyd, M.W., “Vehicle Evaporative and Exhaust Emissions as Influenced by Benzene Content of Gasoline”, SAE Trans., 95, 6.124-6.151 (1986).
- Marshall, W.F. and Gurney, M.D., “Effect of Gasoline Composition on Emissions of Aromatic Hydrocarbons”, SAE Paper # 892076, Baltimore, Maryland, 1989.
- Wigg, E.E, “Reactive Exhaust Emissions from Current and Future Emission Control Systems”, SAE Trans., 82, 773-793 (1973).
- Dempster, N.M. and Shore, P.R., “An Investigation into the Production of Hydrocarbon Emissions from a Gasoline Engine Tested on Chemically Defined Fuels”, SAE Paper # 900354, Detroit, Michigan, 1990.
- Pelz, N., Dempster, N.M., Hundelby, G.E., and Shore, P.R., “The Composition of Gasoline Engine Hydrocarbon Emissions - An Evaluation of Catalyst and Fuel Effects, SAE Paper # 902074, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 1990.
- Leppard, W.R., “The Autoignition Chemistries of Octane-Enhancing Ethers and Cyclic Ethers: A Motored Engine Study”, SAE Paper # 912313, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, October, 1991.
- Carter, W.P.L., “Development of Ozone Reactivity Scales for Volatile Organic Compounds”, Statewide Air Pollution Research Center, Riverside, CA, U.S. EPA Contract CR-814396-01-0, APril, 1990.
- Sigsby, J.E., Tejada, S., Ray, W., Lang, J.M., and Duncan, J.W., “Volatile Organic Compound Emissions from 46 In-Use Passenger Cars”, Environ. Sci. Technol, 21, 466-475 (1987).
- Jackson, M.W., “Effect of Catalytic Emission Control on Exhaust Hydrocarbon Composition and Reactivity”, SAE Trans., 87, 2304-2327 (1978).
- Gething, J.A., Hoekman, S.K., Guerrero, A.R., and Lyons, J.M., “The Effect of Gasoline Aromatics Content on Exhaust Emissions: A Cooperative Test Program”, SAE Paper # 902073, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 1990.
- Wigg, E.E, Campion, R.J., and Peterson, W.L., “The Effect of Fuel Hydrocarbon Composition on Exhaust Hydrocarbon and Oxygenate Emissions”, SAE Trans., 81, 923-939 (1972).