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Evaluation of Human Tolerance in Frontal Impacts
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published February 01, 1979 by SAE International in United States
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In this paper are analysed the results of ten accident reconstructions of 5 frontal actual car traffic accidents. These accidents involved 9 restrained occupants, and were reconstructed first with 50th percentile dummies and then with human cadavers.
The results of these reconstructions are analysed in order to compare the injuries sustained in real accident first, with the injury criteria values recorded on dummies, and second with injuries and injury criteria values found on cadavers.
The results show that an AIS 3 head injury in actual accident could correspond to a low value of HIC recorded on dummy, that there is a large scatter in chest injury criteria related to chest injuries, and that if we need a protection for almost all occupants in frontal impact, we have to choose chest injury criteria value lower than the proposed one.
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CitationCésari, D. and Ramet, M., "Evaluation of Human Tolerance in Frontal Impacts," SAE Technical Paper 791032, 1979, https://doi.org/10.4271/791032.
- Césari D. Ramet M. “Comparison between in-the-field accidents and reconstructed accidents with dummies and with cadavers” 19th Stapp Car Crash Conference San Diego Ca 1975 167 193
- Friedel B. “Research association for biomechanics at the Federal Hyghway Research Institute” International Conference on Impact Trauma Berlin 1977
- Césari D. Friedel B. Heger A. Mackay M. Tarrière D. Weissner R. “A preliminary report about the work of the point biomechanical research project (KOB” 7th ESV conference Paris 1979
- Eppinger R.H. “Prediction of thoracic injury using measurable experimental parameters” 6th ESV Conference Washington 1976