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Combustion Phenomena and Emissions in a Dual-Fuel Optical Engine Fueled with Diesel and Natural Gas
ISSN: 2641-9637, e-ISSN: 2641-9645
Published September 21, 2021 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Kim, W., Park, C., and Bae, C., "Combustion Phenomena and Emissions in a Dual-Fuel Optical Engine Fueled with Diesel and Natural Gas," SAE Int. J. Adv. & Curr. Prac. in Mobility 4(2):502-513, 2022, https://doi.org/10.4271/2021-01-1175.
The application of dual-fuel combustion in the freight transportation sectors has received considerable attention due to the capability of achieving higher fuel efficiency and less pollutant emissions than the conventional diesel engines. In this study, high-speed flame visualization was used to investigate the phenomena of natural gas/diesel dual-fuel combustion in a single-cylinder heavy-duty engine with optical access. To implement diverse fuel blending conditions, diesel injection timing and natural gas substitution ratio were varied under constant fuel energy input. A novel flame regime separation method was implemented based on color segmentation in HSV color space to characterize the spatial distributions of premixed and non-premixed flame regimes. Flame images for larger natural gas substitution showed a significant reduction in the non-premixed flame regime accompanied by flame propagation along the vaporized diesel sprays. Advanced diesel injection shifted the location of early flames toward the piston bowl wall and created a rapid influx of propagating flame. These changes in fueling parameters resulted in the reduction of soot radiation, which was verified by the particulate matter emissions measured in the performance engine test under identical operating conditions.