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Advancing Platooning with ADAS Control Integration and Assessment Test Results
ISSN: 2641-9637, e-ISSN: 2641-9645
Published April 06, 2021 by SAE International in United States
Event: SAE WCX Digital Summit
Citation: Borhan, H., Lammert, M., Kelly, K., Zhang, C. et al., "Advancing Platooning with ADAS Control Integration and Assessment Test Results," SAE Int. J. Adv. & Curr. Prac. in Mobility 3(4):1969-1975, 2021, https://doi.org/10.4271/2021-01-0429.
The application of cooperative adaptive cruise control (CACC) to heavy-duty trucks known as truck platooning has shown fuel economy improvements over test track ideal driving conditions. However, there are limited test data available to assess the performance of CACC under real-world driving conditions. As part of the Cummins-led U.S. Department of Energy Funding Opportunity Announcement award project, truck platooning with CACC has been tested under real-world driving conditions and the results are presented in this paper. First, real-world driving conditions are characterized with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s Fleet DNA database to define the test factors. The key test factors impacting long-haul truck fuel economy were identified as terrain and highway traffic with and without advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS). Track and on-highway testing guided by SAE J1321 procedures were conducted to assess truck platooning operation under the characterized real-world driving conditions. On-highway testing is done on a route in Indiana representing operation of long-haul Class 8 trucks in the United States. The road includes low-, medium-, and high-grade segments. The highway test results of a two-truck platooning configuration indicate considerable fuel-saving reduction comparing to the test track data collected under ideal driving conditions. The test data indicate that platooning could lead to increases in fuel consumption during traffic or high-grade portions of the route, causing reduction of the overall fuel saving on the road comparing to test track results. However, integration of ADAS features on the lead truck during on-road tests leads to significant improvement of fuel saving for both trucks in CACC operation.