Driving Safety Performance Assessment Metrics for ADS-Equipped Vehicles
- Jeffrey Wishart - Exponent Inc., Arizona State University ,
- Steven Como - Exponent Inc., Arizona State University ,
- Maria Elli - Intel ,
- Brendan Russo - Northern Arizona University ,
- Jack Weast - Intel ,
- Niraj Altekar - University of Arizona ,
- Emmanuel James - Northern Arizona University ,
- Yan Chen - Arizona State University
ISSN: 2641-9637, e-ISSN: 2641-9645
Published April 14, 2020 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Wishart, J., Como, S., Elli, M., Russo, B. et al., "Driving Safety Performance Assessment Metrics for ADS-Equipped Vehicles," SAE Int. J. Adv. & Curr. Prac. in Mobility 2(5):2881-2899, 2020, https://doi.org/10.4271/2020-01-1206.
The driving safety performance of automated driving system (ADS)-equipped vehicles (AVs) must be quantified using metrics in order to be able to assess the driving safety performance and compare it to that of human-driven vehicles. In this research, driving safety performance metrics and methods for the measurement and analysis of said metrics are defined and/or developed.
A comprehensive literature review of metrics that have been proposed for measuring the driving safety performance of both human-driven vehicles and AVs was conducted. A list of proposed metrics, including novel contributions to the literature, that collectively, quantitatively describe the driving safety performance of an AV was then compiled, including proximal surrogate indicators, driving behaviors, and rules-of-the-road violations. These metrics, which include metrics from on- and off-board data sources, allow the driving safety performance of an AV to be measured in a variety of situations, including crashes, potential conflicts, and near misses. These measurements enable the evaluation of temporal flows and the quantification of key aspects of driving safety performance. The identification and exploration of metrics focusing explicitly on AVs as well as proposing a comprehensive set of metrics is a unique contribution to the literature. The objective is to develop a concise set of metrics that allow driving safety performance assessments to be effectively made and that align with the needs of both the ADS development and transportation engineering communities and accommodate differences in cultural/regional norms.
Concurrent project work includes equipping an intersection with a sensor suite of cameras, LIDAR, and RADAR to collect data requiring off-board sources and employing test AVs to collect data requiring on-board sources. Additional concurrent work includes development of artificial intelligence and computer vision-based algorithms to automatically calculate the metrics using the collected data. Future work includes using the collected data and algorithms to finalize the list of metrics and then develop a methodology that uses the metrics to provide an overall driving safety performance assessment score for an AV.