This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Internal Nozzle Flow Simulations of the ECN Spray C Injector under Realistic Operating Conditions

Journal Article
2020-01-1154
ISSN: 2641-9637, e-ISSN: 2641-9645
Published April 14, 2020 by SAE International in United States
Internal Nozzle Flow Simulations of the ECN Spray C Injector under Realistic Operating Conditions
Sector:
Citation: Guo, H., Torelli, R., Bautista Rodriguez, A., Tekawade, A. et al., "Internal Nozzle Flow Simulations of the ECN Spray C Injector under Realistic Operating Conditions," SAE Int. J. Adv. & Curr. Prac. in Mobility 2(4):2229-2240, 2020, https://doi.org/10.4271/2020-01-1154.
Language: English

References

  1. Baldwin , E.T. , Grover , R.O. Jr. , Parrish , S.E. , Duke , D.J. et al. String Flash-Boiling in Gasoline Direct Injection Simulations with Transient Needle Motion International Journal of Multiphase Flow 87 90 101 2016 10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2016.09.004
  2. Torelli , R. , Matusik , K.E. , Nelli , K.C. , Kastengren , A.L. et al. Evaluation of Shot-to-Shot In-Nozzle Flow Variations in a Heavy-Duty Diesel Injector Using Real Nozzle Geometry SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 11 4 379 395 2018 https://doi.org/10.4271/2018-01-0303
  3. Battistoni , M. , Magnotti , G.M. , Genzale , C.L. , Arienti , M. et al. Experimental and Computational Investigation of Subcritical Near-Nozzle Spray Structure and Primary Atomization in the Engine Combustion Network Spray D SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 11 4 337 352 2018 https://doi.org/10.4271/2018-01-0277
  4. Agarwal , A. and Trujillo , M.F. A Closer Look at Linear Stability Theory in Modeling Spray Atomization International Journal of Multiphase Flow 87 90 101 2016 10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2018.06.021
  5. Mitroglou , N. , Nouri , J.M. , Gavaises , M. , and Arcoumanis , C. Spray Characteristics of a Multi-Hole Injector for Direct-Injection Gasoline Engines International Journal of Engine Research 7 3 255 270 2006 10.1243/146808705X62922
  6. Lai , M.-C. , Zheng , Y. , Shost , M. , Xie , X. et al. Characterization of Internal Flow and Spray of Multihole DI Gasoline Spray Using X-ray Imaging and CFD SAE Technical Paper 2011-01-1881 2011 https://doi.org/10.4271/2011-01-1881
  7. Saha , K. , Som , S. , Battistoni , M. , Li , Y. et al. Numerical Investigation of Two-Phase Flow Evolution of In- and Near-Nozzle Regions of a Gasoline Direct Injection Engine during Needle Transients SAE Int. J. Engines 9 2 1230 1240 2016 https://doi.org/10.4271/2016-01-0870
  8. Agarwal , A.K. , Som , S. , Shukla , P.C. , Goyal , H. , and Longman , D. In-Nozzle Flow and Spray Characteristics for Mineral Diesel, Karanja, and Jatropha Biodiesels Applied Energy 156 138 148 2015 10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.07.003
  9. Papadopoulos , N. and Aleiferis , P. Numerical Modelling of the In-Nozzle Flow of a Diesel Injector with Moving Needle during and after the End of a Full Injection Event SAE Int. J. Engines 8 5 2285 2302 2015 https://doi.org/10.4271/2015-24-2472
  10. Salvador , F.J. , De la Morena , J. , Martínez-López , J. , and Jaramillo , D. Assessment of Compressibility Effects on Internal Nozzle Flow in Diesel Injectors at Very High Injection Pressures Energy Conversion and Management 132 221 230 2017 10.1016/j.enconman.2016.11.032
  11. Zangl , K. , Danzl , R. , Helmli , F. , and Prantl , M. Highly Accurate Optical μCMM for Measurement of Micro Holes Procedia CIRP 75 397 402 2018 10.1016/j.procir.2018.05.098
  12. Peiner , E. and Doering , L. Nondestructive Evaluation of Diesel Spray Holes Using Piezoresistive Sensors IEEE Sensors Journal 13 2 701 708 2013 10.1109/JSEN.2012.2225614
  13. Coppo , M. , Dongiovanni , C. , and Negri , C. Numerical Analysis and Experimental Investigation of a Common Rail-Type Diesel Injector Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power 126 4 874 885 2004 10.1115/1.1787502
  14. Coppo , M. , Dongiovanni , C. , and Negri , C. A Linear Optical Sensor for Measuring Needle Displacement in Common-Rail Diesel Injectors Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 134 2 366 373 2007 10.1016/j.sna.2006.05.038
  15. Coratella , C. , Parry , L. , Sahu , A. , and Xu , H. Optical Sensor for the Needle Lift Detection in the Common Rail Injector SAE Technical Paper 2019-24-0193 2019 https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-24-0193
  16. Gavaises , M. Flow in Valve Covered Orifice Nozzles with Cylindrical and Tapered Holes and Link to Cavitation Erosion and Engine Exhaust Emissions International Journal of Engine Research 9 6 435 447 2008 10.1243/14680874JER01708
  17. Payri , R. , Salvador , F.J. , Gimeno , J. , and Venegas , O. Study of Cavitation Phenomenon using Different Fuels in a Transparent Nozzle by Hydraulic Characterization and Visualization Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 44 235 244 2013 10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2012.06.013
  18. He , Z. , Shao , Z. , Wang , Q. , Zhong , W. , and Tao , X. Experimental Study of Cavitating Flow Inside Vertical Multi-Hole Nozzles with Different Length-Diameter Ratios using Diesel and Biodiesel Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 60 252 262 2015 10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2014.09.015
  19. Manin , J. , Pickett , L.M. , and Yasutomi , K. Transient Cavitation in Transparent Diesel Injectors 14th ICLASS Conference Chicago, IL, USA July 2018 http://www.ilasseurope.org/ICLASS/ICLASS2018.ZIP
  20. Battistoni , M. , Xue , Q. , Som , S. , and Pomraning , E. Effect of Off-Axis Needle Motion on Internal Nozzle and Near Exit Flow in a Multi-Hole Diesel Injector SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 7 1 167 182 2014 https://doi.org/10.4271/2014-01-1426
  21. Yue , Z. , Battistoni , M. , and Som , S. Spray Characterization for Engine Combustion Network Spray G Injector using High-Fidelity Simulation with Detailed Injector Geometry International Journal of Engine Research 2019 10.1177/1468087419872398
  22. Torelli , R. , Sforzo , B.A. , Matusik , K.E. , Kastengren , A.L. , Fezzaa , K. , Powell , C.F. , Som , S. , Pei , Y. , Tzanetakis , T. , Zhang , Y. , Traver , M.L. , and Cleary , D.J. Investigation of Shot-to-Shot Variability during Short Injections 14th ICLASS Conference Chicago, IL, USA July 2018 http://www.ilasseurope.org/ICLASS/ICLASS2018.ZIP
  23. Powell , C.F. , Yue , Y. , Poola , R. , and Wang , J. Time-Resolved Measurements of Supersonic Fuel Sprays using Synchrotron X-Rays Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 7 6 356 360 2000 10.1107/S0909049500013431
  24. Powell , C. , Ciatti , S. , Cheong , S. , Liu , J. , and Wang , J. X-Ray Absorption Measurements of Diesel Sprays and the Effects of Nozzle Geometry SAE Technical Paper 2004-01-2011 2004 https://doi.org/10.4271/2004-01-2011
  25. Kastengren , A.L. , Powell , C.F. , Liu , Z. , Fezzaa , K. , and Wang , J. High-Speed X-Ray Imaging of Diesel Injector Motion Proceedings of the ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference ICES2009-76032 2009 10.1115/ICES2009-76032
  26. Powell , C.F. , Kastengren , A.L. , Liu , Z. , and Fezzaa , K. The Effects of Diesel Injector Needle Motion on Spray Structure Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power 133 1 2010 10.1115/1.4001073
  27. Kastengren , A.L. , Tilocco , F.Z. , Powell , C.F. , and Fezzaa , K. Initial Evaluation of Engine Combustion Network Injectors with X-Ray Diagnostics 23rd ILASS Americas Conference CA, USA May 2011 http://www.ilass.org/2/conferencepapers/ILASS2011-100.PDF
  28. Kastengren , A.L. , Tilocco , F.Z. , Powell , C.F. , Manin , J. et al. Engine Combustion Network (ECN): Measurements of Nozzle Geometry and Hydraulic Behavior Atomization and Sprays 22 12 1011 1052 2013 10.1615/AtomizSpr.2013006309
  29. Matusik , K.E. , Duke , D.J. , Kastengren , A.L. , Sovis , N. et al. High-Resolution X-Ray Tomography of Engine Combustion Network Diesel Injectors International Journal of Engine Research 19 9 963 976 2017 10.1177/1468087417736985
  30. Tekawade , A. , Sforzo , B.A. , Matusik , K.E. , Kastengren , A.L. , and Powell , C.F. 3D Imaging of Cavitating Flow in a Diesel Injector at Practical Conditions Using X-ray Micro-CT 30th ILASS Americas Tempe, AZ, USA May 2019 http://www.ilass.org/2/conferencepapers/63_2019.pdf nd
  31. Duke , D.J. , Swantek , A.B. , Tilocco , F.Z. , Kastengren , A.L. et al. X-Ray Imaging of Cavitation in Diesel Injectors SAE Int. J. Engines 7 2 1003 1016 2014 https://doi.org/10.4271/2014-01-1404
  32. Andriotis , A. , Gavaises , M. , and Arcoumanis , C. Vortex Flow and Cavitation in Diesel Injector Nozzles Journal of Fluid Mechanics 610 195 215 2008 10.1017/S0022112008002668
  33. Payri , F. , Bermúdez , V. , Payri , R. , and Salvador , F.J. The Influence of Cavitation on the Internal Flow and the Spray Characteristics in Diesel Injection Nozzles Fuel 83 4-5 419 431 2004 10.1016/j.fuel.2003.09.010
  34. Engine Combustion Network (ECN) https://ecn.sandia.gov
  35. Sforzo , B.A. , Matusik , K.E. , Powell , C.F. , Kastengren , A.L. , Daly , S. , Skeen , S. , Cenker , E. , Pickett , L.M. , Crua , C. , and Manin , J. Fuel Nozzle Geometry Effects on Cavitation and Spray Behavior at Diesel Engine Conditions Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Cavitation CAV18-05098 2018 474 480 10.1115/1.861851_ch90
  36. Payri , R. , Gimeno , G. , Cuisano , J. , and Arco , J. Hydraulic Characterization of Diesel Engine Single-Hole Injectors Fuel 180 357 366 2016 10.1016/j.fuel.2016.03.083
  37. Tahmasebi , E. , Lucchini , T. , D’Errico , G. , Onorati , A. , and Hardy , G. An Investigation of the Validity of a Homogeneous Equilibrium Model for Different Diesel Injector Nozzles and Flow Conditions Energy Conversion and Management 154 46 55 2017 10.1016/j.enconman.2017.10.049
  38. Richards , K.J. , Senecal , P.K. , and Pomraning , E. CONVERGE (v2.4) Manual Convergent Science, Inc. September 2019
  39. Kastengren , A.L. , Powell , C.F. , Arms , D. , Dufresne , E.M. , Gibson , H. , and Wang , J. The 7BM Beamline at the APS: A Facility for Time-Resolved Fluid Dynamics Measurements Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 19 4 654 657 2012
  40. Shen , Q. , Lee , W.-K. , Fezzaa , K. , Chu , Y.S. et al. Dedicated Full-Field X-Ray Imaging Beamline at Advanced Photon Source Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research - Section A 582 1 77 79 2007 10.1016/j.nima.2007.08.169
  41. Viera , J.P. , Payri , R. , Swantek , A.B. , Duke , D.J. et al. Linking Instantaneous Rate of Injection to X-ray Needle Lift Measurements for a Direct-Acting Piezoelectric Injector Energy Conversion and Management 112 350 358 2016 10.1016/j.enconman.2016.01.038
  42. Kastengren , A.L. and Powell , C.F. Synchrotron X-ray Techniques for Fluid Dynamics Experiments in Fluids 55 3 2014 10.1007/s00348-014-1686-8
  43. Duke , D.J. , Kastengren , A.L. , Tilocco , F.Z. , Swantek , A.B. , and Powell , C.F. X-ray Radiography Measurements of Cavitating Nozzle Flow Atomization and Sprays 23 9 841 860 2013 10.1615/AtomizSpr.2013008340
  44. Battistoni , M. , Duke , D.J. , Swantek , A.B. , Tilocco , F.Z. et al. Effects of Noncondensable Gas on Cavitating Nozzles Atomization and Sprays 25 6 453 483 2015 10.1615/AtomizSpr.2015011076
  45. Torelli , R. , Som , S. , Pei , Y. , Zhang , Y. , and Traver , M.L. Influence of Fuel Properties on Internal Nozzle Flow Development in a Multi-Hole Diesel Injector Fuel 204 171 184 2017 10.1016/j.fuel.2017.04.123
  46. Lemmon , E.W. , Bell , I.H. , Huber , M.L. , and McLinden , M.O. April 2013
  47. Pomraning , E. 2000 10.13140/2.1.2035.7929
  48. Bilicki , Z. and Kestin , J. Physical Aspects of the Relaxation Model in Two-Phase Flow Proceedings of the Royal Society London A 428 379 397 1990 10.1098/rspa.1990.0040

Cited By