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Innovative Active Head Restraint System in a Car: Safety Assessment with Virtual Human Body Model
ISSN: 2641-9637, e-ISSN: 2641-9645
Published April 14, 2020 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Vychytil, J., Hlucha, J., Kovar, L., Kostikova, M. et al., "Innovative Active Head Restraint System in a Car: Safety Assessment with Virtual Human Body Model," SAE Technical Paper 2020-01-0979, 2020, https://doi.org/10.4271/2020-01-0979.
The aim of this study is to use numerical simulations for safety assessment of an innovative active head restraint system. This system was developed to protect the head and neck of an occupant in a car without a head airbag during a side impact. Its FE model is created and embedded it in a model of a small car with a side airbag. The dynamics of the head restraint activation are also taken into account. The virtual human body model Virthuman is used to represent occupants. The model is scaled for pre-selected human individuals to cover large numbers of occupants of different sizes. It extends conventional virtual evaluation of new safety designs via existing pre-defined mono-purpose side dummies and their FE models. The benefit of the head restraint system is evaluated in side impact scenarios inspired by the pole tests performed by EuroNCAP. Transversal impacts to a pole at 29 and 32 km/h are considered at 90° and 75° angles from driver and the opposite side. Also, the far side impact prescribed with an acceleration pulse according to EuroNCAP is considered. Various initial driver sizes in standard seated positions are tested. To extend the study beyond standard testing protocols, out-of-position of driver is also considered, leading to more than 100 simulations of impact scenarios in total. The effect of the innovative head restraint system is assessed from the point of view of driver injury risk.