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RouteE: A Vehicle Energy Consumption Prediction Engine
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
To be published on April 14, 2020 by SAE International in United States
The emergence of Connected and Automated Vehicles and Smart Cities technologies create the opportunity for new mobility mode and routing decision tools, among many others. In order to achieve maximal mobility and minimal energy consumption, it is critical to understand the energy cost of decisions and optimize accordingly. The Route Energy Prediction model (RouteE) enables accurate estimation of energy consumption for a variety of vehicle types over trips or sub-trips where detailed drive cycle data is unavailable. Applications include vehicle route selection, energy accounting/optimization in transportation simulation, and corridor energy analyses, among others. The software is an open-source Python package that includes a variety of pre-trained models from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). However, RouteE also enables users to train custom models using their own datasets, making it a robust and valuable tool for both fast calculations and rigorous, data-rich research efforts. The pre-trained RouteE models are trained using NREL’s Future Automotive Systems Technology Simulator (FASTSim) paired with approximately 1 million miles of drive cycle data from the Transportation Secure Data Center (TSDC) resulting in energy consumption behavior over a representative sample of driving conditions for the United States. Validations have been performed using on-road fuel consumption data for conventional and electrified vehicle powertrains. Transferring the results of the on-road validation to a larger set of real-world origin–destination pairs, it is estimated that implementing the present methodology in a green-routing application would accurately select the route that consumes the least fuel 90% of the time. The novel machine learning techniques used in RouteE make it a flexible and robust tool for a variety of transportation applications.